Abstract

An innovative self-aligning technique for the pigtailing of optical fibers to buried channel planar waveguides is presented, based on selective etching. This technique utilizes a plug-and-socket mechanism that is intrinsically self-aligning and mechanically stable. The processes involved have been specifically designed to facilitate the bulk manufacture of pigtailed single or multiple fibers and waveguides. An optimized alignment geometry for the physical connection of fibers to waveguides is presented.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  10. A. S. Tenney and M. Ghezzo, J. Electrochem. Soc. 120, 1091 (1973).
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  11. P. Pace, S. T. Huntington, K. Lyytikainen, A. Roberts, and J. D. Love, Opt. Express 12, 1452 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. P. Lambelet, A. Sayah, M. Pfeffer, C. Philipona, and F. Marquis-Weible, Appl. Opt. 37, 7289 (1998).
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    [Crossref]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

R. Heyler, OE Mag. 1, 32 (2001).

1999 (1)

R. Stockle, C. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 160 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

A. Bruno, B. Mersali, and L. Menigaux, Electron. Lett. 33, 1075 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

M. Kawachi, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 143, 257 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

R. A. Becker and B. E. Kincaid, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 44 (1994).
[Crossref]

B. Joly, Electr. Commun. 1, 52 (1994).

1992 (2)

D. Gibson, Fibre Optic Commun. User Syst. 13, 22 (1992).

D. J. Vezzetti and M. Munowitz, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 581 (1992).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

E. Murphy and T. Rice, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 479 (1983).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

1973 (1)

A. S. Tenney and M. Ghezzo, J. Electrochem. Soc. 120, 1091 (1973).
[Crossref]

Becker, R. A.

R. A. Becker and B. E. Kincaid, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 44 (1994).
[Crossref]

Boyd, J. T.

Bruno, A.

A. Bruno, B. Mersali, and L. Menigaux, Electron. Lett. 33, 1075 (1997).
[Crossref]

Deckert, V.

R. Stockle, C. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 160 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fokas, C.

R. Stockle, C. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 160 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ghezzo, M.

A. S. Tenney and M. Ghezzo, J. Electrochem. Soc. 120, 1091 (1973).
[Crossref]

Gibson, D.

D. Gibson, Fibre Optic Commun. User Syst. 13, 22 (1992).

Hecht, B.

R. Stockle, C. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 160 (1999).
[Crossref]

Heyler, R.

R. Heyler, OE Mag. 1, 32 (2001).

Huntington, S. T.

Joly, B.

B. Joly, Electr. Commun. 1, 52 (1994).

Kawachi, M.

M. Kawachi, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 143, 257 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kincaid, B. E.

R. A. Becker and B. E. Kincaid, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 44 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lambelet, P.

Love, J. D.

Lyytikainen, K.

Marquis-Weible, F.

Menigaux, L.

A. Bruno, B. Mersali, and L. Menigaux, Electron. Lett. 33, 1075 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mersali, B.

A. Bruno, B. Mersali, and L. Menigaux, Electron. Lett. 33, 1075 (1997).
[Crossref]

Munowitz, M.

D. J. Vezzetti and M. Munowitz, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 581 (1992).
[Crossref]

Murphy, E.

E. Murphy and T. Rice, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 479 (1983).
[Crossref]

Pace, P.

Pfeffer, M.

Philipona, C.

Rice, T.

E. Murphy and T. Rice, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 479 (1983).
[Crossref]

Roberts, A.

Sayah, A.

Sick, B.

R. Stockle, C. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 160 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sriram, S.

Stockle, R.

R. Stockle, C. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 160 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tenney, A. S.

A. S. Tenney and M. Ghezzo, J. Electrochem. Soc. 120, 1091 (1973).
[Crossref]

Vezzetti, D. J.

D. J. Vezzetti and M. Munowitz, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 581 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wild, U. P.

R. Stockle, C. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 160 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zenobi, R.

R. Stockle, C. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 160 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Stockle, C. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 160 (1999).
[Crossref]

Electr. Commun. (1)

B. Joly, Electr. Commun. 1, 52 (1994).

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Bruno, B. Mersali, and L. Menigaux, Electron. Lett. 33, 1075 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fibre Optic Commun. User Syst. (1)

D. Gibson, Fibre Optic Commun. User Syst. 13, 22 (1992).

IEE Proc. Optoelectron. (1)

M. Kawachi, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 143, 257 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

A. S. Tenney and M. Ghezzo, J. Electrochem. Soc. 120, 1091 (1973).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

D. J. Vezzetti and M. Munowitz, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 581 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. A. Becker and B. E. Kincaid, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 44 (1994).
[Crossref]

E. Murphy and T. Rice, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 479 (1983).
[Crossref]

OE Mag. (1)

R. Heyler, OE Mag. 1, 32 (2001).

Opt. Express (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of (a) the immersion of the buried channel waveguide into a bath of HF acid to (b) selectively etch the waveguide core to form a socket.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical image of the waveguide end face (a) before and (b) after etching. (c) Socket as viewed from above.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic representation of the etching of a permeable acrylate-coated fiber as a function of time, showing (a) initial immersion of the fiber into a bath of HF acid, (b) plug formation by HF acid diffusing through the coating and from the end, and (c) convection-controlled etching to form a tapered probe.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical image of the chemically etched fiber plug, which is shown below an unetched optical fiber for size reference.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a)–(d) Optical images showing successive insertion of an etched optical fiber that ultimately forms a self-aligning pigtail to a buried channel planar waveguide. The arrow in each image shows the position of the fiber tip.

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