Abstract

We demonstrate phase-insensitive, ultrafast, all-optical spatial switching and frequency conversion in quadratically nonlinear waveguide arrays in periodically poled lithium niobate. Routing of milliwatt signals with wavelengths in the communication band (1550 nm) is achieved without pulse distortions by parametric interaction with a control beam with 10-W power and wavelengths near 775 nm.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. Reviewed in G. I. Stegeman and A. Miller, in Photonic Switching, J. Midwinter, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1993), Vol. I, pp. 81–146.
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, Opt. Lett. 24, 1157 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Schreiber, H. Suche, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundkötter, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 501 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Opt. Lett. 28, 102 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

G. Schreiber, H. Suche, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundkötter, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, Opt. Lett. 24, 1157 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blow, K. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bräuer, A.

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brener, I.

Chou, M. H.

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D’Ottavi, A.

A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dall’ Ara, R.

A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Davies, D. A. O.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eckner, J.

A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Eisenberg, H. S.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ellis, A. D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

Fisher, M. A.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grundkötter, W.

G. Schreiber, H. Suche, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundkötter, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A. E.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lederer, F.

T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Opt. Lett. 28, 102 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. L.

G. Schreiber, H. Suche, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundkötter, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martelli, F.

A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mecozzi, A.

A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A.

Reviewed in G. I. Stegeman and A. Miller, in Photonic Switching, J. Midwinter, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1993), Vol. I, pp. 81–146.
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nesset, D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Pertsch, T.

T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Opt. Lett. 28, 102 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peschel, U.

T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Opt. Lett. 28, 102 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, I. D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poustie, A. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quiring, V.

G. Schreiber, H. Suche, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundkötter, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ricken, R.

G. Schreiber, H. Suche, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundkötter, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, D. C.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schreiber, G.

G. Schreiber, H. Suche, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundkötter, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Scotti, S.

A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sohler, W.

G. Schreiber, H. Suche, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundkötter, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spano, P.

A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

Reviewed in G. I. Stegeman and A. Miller, in Photonic Switching, J. Midwinter, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1993), Vol. I, pp. 81–146.
[CrossRef]

Suche, H.

G. Schreiber, H. Suche, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundkötter, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tatham, M. C.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zentgraf, T.

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. Schreiber, H. Suche, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundkötter, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. D’Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, A. Mecozzi, S. Scotti, R. Dall’ Ara, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2186 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Bräuer, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Reviewed in G. I. Stegeman and A. Miller, in Photonic Switching, J. Midwinter, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1993), Vol. I, pp. 81–146.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

All-optical switching of an input signal beam to a frequency-shifted idler at a specific output position governed by a control beam that uses parametric interaction in a quadratic nonlinear waveguide array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spatial spectral scan of the output of a waveguide array after parametric interaction of a signal beam (λS=1550.7 nm, PS=13 mW, input centered at guide 12) and a control beam (λC=774.35 nm, PCpeak=10.7 W, input in guide 1), which generates an idler λI=1546.7 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Output spectral density S from waveguide 15 for a control input with PCpeak=3.8, 10.7 W and PS=19 mW. The control spectrum is also shown. (b) Peak power of the idler λI=1546.7 nm at the output for PCpeak=10.7 W and PS=19 mW. Dashed curves and filled circles show theory. The beam geometry is the same as in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Spatial output distribution of the deflected idler for several positions of the control beam. (b) Spectral density of the deflected signal and idler in waveguide 15 for a number of signal wavelengths. PCpeak=10.7 W and PS=19 mW. The beam geometry is the same as in Fig. 2.

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