Abstract

We calculate pulse self-compression of a 30 fs laser pulse traversing gas with different pressure gradients. We show that an appropriate density profile brings significant improvement to the self-compression by filamentation. Under an optimal pressure gradient, the pulse duration is reduced to the single optical cycle limit over a long distance, allowing easy extraction into an interaction chamber.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Mod. Opt. (to be published).
  3. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 20, 73 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, Opt. Lett. 23, 382 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Mikalauskas, A. Dubietis, and R. Danielus, Appl. Phys. B 75, 899 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcz, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.
  8. M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 023811 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A Couairon, S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1117 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Shimoji, A. T. Fay, R. S.F. Chang, and N. Djeu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1994 (1989)
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Sergeev, E. Vanin, L. Stenflo, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7830 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. The size of the core of the light filament oscillates from 75 through 100??m; the plasma channel has a smaller radius of ?25??m because of the high order of the multiphoton process.

2004 (2)

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

A Couairon, S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Mikalauskas, A. Dubietis, and R. Danielus, Appl. Phys. B 75, 899 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

1995 (1)

1992 (1)

A. Sergeev, E. Vanin, L. Stenflo, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

Anderson, D.

A. Sergeev, E. Vanin, L. Stenflo, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anscombe, M. P.

C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.

Bergé, L.

Biegert, J.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Mod. Opt. (to be published).

C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

Chang, R. S.F.

Couairon, A

Couairon, A.

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Mod. Opt. (to be published).

Danielus, R.

D. Mikalauskas, A. Dubietis, and R. Danielus, Appl. Phys. B 75, 899 (2002).
[CrossRef]

de Silvestri, S.

Djeu, N.

Du, D.

Dubietis, A.

D. Mikalauskas, A. Dubietis, and R. Danielus, Appl. Phys. B 75, 899 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fay, A. T.

Ferencz, K.

Franco, M.

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A Couairon, S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hatayama, M.

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C. P.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Mod. Opt. (to be published).

C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.

Helbing, F. W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Mod. Opt. (to be published).

Keller, U.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Mod. Opt. (to be published).

C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.

Korn, G.

Kornelis, W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Mod. Opt. (to be published).

C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.

Krausz, F.

Lamouroux, B.

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lisak, M.

A. Sergeev, E. Vanin, L. Stenflo, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Méchain, G.

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mikalauskas, D.

D. Mikalauskas, A. Dubietis, and R. Danielus, Appl. Phys. B 75, 899 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mlejnek, M.

Moloney, J. V.

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A Couairon, S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Mod. Opt. (to be published).

Nagasaka, K.

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

Nurhuda, M.

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A Couairon, S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Quiroga-Teixeiro, M. L.

A. Sergeev, E. Vanin, L. Stenflo, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sartania, S.

Schlup, P.

C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.

Sergeev, A.

A. Sergeev, E. Vanin, L. Stenflo, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimoji, Y.

Spielmann, C.

Squier, J.

Stenflo, L.

A. Sergeev, E. Vanin, L. Stenflo, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suda, A.

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Szipöcz, R.

Tzortzakis, S.

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A Couairon, S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vanin, E.

A. Sergeev, E. Vanin, L. Stenflo, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wright, E. M.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Mikalauskas, A. Dubietis, and R. Danielus, Appl. Phys. B 75, 899 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Sergeev, E. Vanin, L. Stenflo, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe (OSA, 2005), papers CG10 and JS12-3.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Mod. Opt. (to be published).

The size of the core of the light filament oscillates from 75 through 100??m; the plasma channel has a smaller radius of ?25??m because of the high order of the multiphoton process.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pressure distribution (dotted curve, scale on the right-hand axis) and computed beam width (continuous curve, scale at the left) along the propagation axis. The linear focus is at z = 80 cm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Peak intensity (continuous curve, left-hand axis) and electron density (dashed curve, scale at the right) as functions of the propagation distance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Evolution of the pulse duration (FWHM) as a function of the propagation distance. The duration is computed after radial integration of the beam intensity over a beam radius of 100 μ m .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized intensity of the single-cycle pulse at z = 115 cm . The dashed curve indicates the input pulse duration. The pulse has been averaged over a radius of 100 μ m .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pulse dynamics during propagation through a pressure gradient.

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