Abstract

Optically distinguishable seeding particles that emit light in a narrow bandwidth, and a combination of bandwidths, were prepared by encapsulating quantum dots. The three-dimensional components of the particles’ displacement were measured within a volume of fluid with particle tracking velocimetry (PTV). Particles are multiplexed to different hue bands in the camera images, enabling an increased seeding density and (or) fewer cameras to be used, thereby increasing the measurement spatial resolution and (or) reducing optical access requirements. The technique is also applicable to two-phase flow measurements with PTV or particle image velocimetry, where each phase is uniquely seeded.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Han, X. Gao, J. Z. Su, and S. Nie, Nat. Biotechnol. 19, 631 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

O. Dupont, F. Dubois, A. Vedernikov, J. C. Legros, J. Willneff, and C. Lockowandt, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 921 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Towers, C. E. Towers, C. H. Buckberry, and M. Reeves, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 824 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

C. Brucker, Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 1480 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. D. Hinsch, Meas. Sci. Technol. 6, 742 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

C. E. Willert and M. Gharib, Exp. Fluids 12, 353 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Angel, S. M.

Atkinson, K. B.

K. B. Atkinson, Close Range Photogrammetry and Machine Vision (Whittles, 1996).

Brucker, C.

C. Brucker, Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 1480 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Buckberry, C. H.

D. P. Towers, C. E. Towers, C. H. Buckberry, and M. Reeves, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 824 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dubois, F.

O. Dupont, F. Dubois, A. Vedernikov, J. C. Legros, J. Willneff, and C. Lockowandt, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 921 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dupont, O.

O. Dupont, F. Dubois, A. Vedernikov, J. C. Legros, J. Willneff, and C. Lockowandt, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 921 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Friedman, J. A.

J. A. Friedman and M. Renksizbulut, “Method and apparatus for extending particle image velocimetry to determine particle size and three dimensional velocity,” U.S. patent 20010040214 (2001).

Gao, X.

M. Han, X. Gao, J. Z. Su, and S. Nie, Nat. Biotechnol. 19, 631 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gharib, M.

C. E. Willert and M. Gharib, Exp. Fluids 12, 353 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Han, M.

M. Han, X. Gao, J. Z. Su, and S. Nie, Nat. Biotechnol. 19, 631 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hinsch, K. D.

K. D. Hinsch, Meas. Sci. Technol. 6, 742 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ido, T.

T. Ido, H. Shimizu, Y. Nakajima, M. Ishikawa, Y. Murai, and F. Yamamoto, in Proceedings of the 4th ASME–JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2003), ISBN 0-7918-3673-8, paper 45204.

Ishikawa, M.

T. Ido, H. Shimizu, Y. Nakajima, M. Ishikawa, Y. Murai, and F. Yamamoto, in Proceedings of the 4th ASME–JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2003), ISBN 0-7918-3673-8, paper 45204.

Kondo, A.

A. Kondo and J. W. Van Valkenburg, Microcapsule Processing and Technology (Marcel Dekker, 1979).

Kulp, T. J.

Legros, J. C.

O. Dupont, F. Dubois, A. Vedernikov, J. C. Legros, J. Willneff, and C. Lockowandt, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 921 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lockowandt, C.

O. Dupont, F. Dubois, A. Vedernikov, J. C. Legros, J. Willneff, and C. Lockowandt, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 921 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moore, A. J.

A. J. Moore, “3D volume flow measurements,” UK patent applicationGB0505803.7 (filed March22, 2005).

Murai, Y.

T. Ido, H. Shimizu, Y. Nakajima, M. Ishikawa, Y. Murai, and F. Yamamoto, in Proceedings of the 4th ASME–JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2003), ISBN 0-7918-3673-8, paper 45204.

Nakajima, Y.

T. Ido, H. Shimizu, Y. Nakajima, M. Ishikawa, Y. Murai, and F. Yamamoto, in Proceedings of the 4th ASME–JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2003), ISBN 0-7918-3673-8, paper 45204.

Nie, S.

M. Han, X. Gao, J. Z. Su, and S. Nie, Nat. Biotechnol. 19, 631 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Northrup, M. A.

Reeves, M.

D. P. Towers, C. E. Towers, C. H. Buckberry, and M. Reeves, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 824 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Renksizbulut, M.

J. A. Friedman and M. Renksizbulut, “Method and apparatus for extending particle image velocimetry to determine particle size and three dimensional velocity,” U.S. patent 20010040214 (2001).

Shimizu, H.

T. Ido, H. Shimizu, Y. Nakajima, M. Ishikawa, Y. Murai, and F. Yamamoto, in Proceedings of the 4th ASME–JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2003), ISBN 0-7918-3673-8, paper 45204.

Su, J. Z.

M. Han, X. Gao, J. Z. Su, and S. Nie, Nat. Biotechnol. 19, 631 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Towers, C. E.

D. P. Towers, C. E. Towers, C. H. Buckberry, and M. Reeves, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 824 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Towers, D. P.

D. P. Towers, C. E. Towers, C. H. Buckberry, and M. Reeves, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 824 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Van Valkenburg, J. W.

A. Kondo and J. W. Van Valkenburg, Microcapsule Processing and Technology (Marcel Dekker, 1979).

Vedernikov, A.

O. Dupont, F. Dubois, A. Vedernikov, J. C. Legros, J. Willneff, and C. Lockowandt, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 921 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Willert, C. E.

C. E. Willert and M. Gharib, Exp. Fluids 12, 353 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Willneff, J.

O. Dupont, F. Dubois, A. Vedernikov, J. C. Legros, J. Willneff, and C. Lockowandt, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 921 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, F.

T. Ido, H. Shimizu, Y. Nakajima, M. Ishikawa, Y. Murai, and F. Yamamoto, in Proceedings of the 4th ASME–JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2003), ISBN 0-7918-3673-8, paper 45204.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Exp. Fluids (1)

C. E. Willert and M. Gharib, Exp. Fluids 12, 353 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (4)

O. Dupont, F. Dubois, A. Vedernikov, J. C. Legros, J. Willneff, and C. Lockowandt, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 921 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Towers, C. E. Towers, C. H. Buckberry, and M. Reeves, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 824 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Brucker, Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 1480 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Hinsch, Meas. Sci. Technol. 6, 742 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Biotechnol. (1)

M. Han, X. Gao, J. Z. Su, and S. Nie, Nat. Biotechnol. 19, 631 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

J. A. Friedman and M. Renksizbulut, “Method and apparatus for extending particle image velocimetry to determine particle size and three dimensional velocity,” U.S. patent 20010040214 (2001).

T. Ido, H. Shimizu, Y. Nakajima, M. Ishikawa, Y. Murai, and F. Yamamoto, in Proceedings of the 4th ASME–JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2003), ISBN 0-7918-3673-8, paper 45204.

A. Kondo and J. W. Van Valkenburg, Microcapsule Processing and Technology (Marcel Dekker, 1979).

K. B. Atkinson, Close Range Photogrammetry and Machine Vision (Whittles, 1996).

A. J. Moore, “3D volume flow measurements,” UK patent applicationGB0505803.7 (filed March22, 2005).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Particles under UV illumination (a) without and (b) with an optical long-pass filter. In (b) a particle (Camera 1) and its corresponding epipolar line (Camera 2) are marked. (c) Hue plotted against position along the marked epipolar line for Camera 2. A horizontal line marks the particle’s hue from camera 1. The images in (a) and (b) correspond to different experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reconstructed volume 3D measurement of rigid body rotation of the container for identified particles. Vectors represent particle displacement between exposures (maximum 5.4 mm ).

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