Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate the concurrent generation of an optical code label and payload data by use of off-the-shelf optical intensity and phase modulators in a tandem structure. This technique is capable of reconfigurable generation of an arbitrarily long optical code label of phase-shift keying concurrently with the generation of payload data, without the need for a special class of optical encoder. This technique will be powerful for all-optical packet switching networks, based on scalability and compactness, for optical code labels.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Kitayama and N. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689.
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way, and G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1088 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper TuQ5.
  5. J. Yu, G. K. Chang, and Q. Yang, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2156 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Shieh, X. Yi, and A. V. Tran, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuCl.
  7. N. Wada and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 362–364.
  8. K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S.-D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP29.
  11. S. Osawa, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, Electron. Lett. 37, 1356 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. R. Mokhtar, M. Ibsen, P. C. The, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThGG54.
  13. X. Wang, T. Hamanaka, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP33.
  14. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, J. Lightwave Technol. 222377, (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Wada, R. Takemori, N. Kataoka, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, presented at the 8th International Federation for Information Processing Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling, Ghent, Belgium, February 2–4, 2004.

2004 (3)

2002 (1)

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Osawa, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, Electron. Lett. 37, 1356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way, and G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bintjas, C.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, G. K. Chang, and Q. Yang, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2156 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way, and G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chi, N.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper TuQ5.

Chujo, W.

S. Osawa, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, Electron. Lett. 37, 1356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hamanaka, T.

X. Wang, T. Hamanaka, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP33.

Himeno, A.

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Holm-Nielsen, P.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper TuQ5.

Ibsen, M.

M. R. Mokhtar, M. Ibsen, P. C. The, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThGG54.

Jeppesen, P.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper TuQ5.

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S.-D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP29.

Kalyvas, M.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kataoka, N.

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, J. Lightwave Technol. 222377, (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Wada, R. Takemori, N. Kataoka, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, presented at the 8th International Federation for Information Processing Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling, Ghent, Belgium, February 2–4, 2004.

Kato, K.

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, J. Lightwave Technol. 222377, (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Osawa, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, Electron. Lett. 37, 1356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Wada and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 362–364.

X. Wang, T. Hamanaka, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP33.

N. Wada, R. Takemori, N. Kataoka, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, presented at the 8th International Federation for Information Processing Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling, Ghent, Belgium, February 2–4, 2004.

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689.
[CrossRef]

Kubota, F.

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, J. Lightwave Technol. 222377, (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Wada, R. Takemori, N. Kataoka, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, presented at the 8th International Federation for Information Processing Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling, Ghent, Belgium, February 2–4, 2004.

Leaird, D. E.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S.-D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP29.

Lin, Y. M.

Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way, and G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Matsushima, K.

Miya, T.

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mokhtar, M. R.

M. R. Mokhtar, M. Ibsen, P. C. The, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThGG54.

Nishiki, A.

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, T. Hamanaka, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP33.

Osawa, S.

S. Osawa, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, Electron. Lett. 37, 1356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peucheret, C.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper TuQ5.

Pleros, N.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

M. R. Mokhtar, M. Ibsen, P. C. The, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThGG54.

Seo, D. S.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S.-D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP29.

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, and A. V. Tran, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuCl.

Sotobayashi, H.

Takemori, R.

N. Wada, R. Takemori, N. Kataoka, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, presented at the 8th International Federation for Information Processing Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling, Ghent, Belgium, February 2–4, 2004.

The, P. C.

M. R. Mokhtar, M. Ibsen, P. C. The, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThGG54.

Theophilopoulos, G.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tran, A. V.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, and A. V. Tran, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuCl.

Wada, N.

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, J. Lightwave Technol. 222377, (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Osawa, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, Electron. Lett. 37, 1356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Wada and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 362–364.

X. Wang, T. Hamanaka, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP33.

N. Wada, R. Takemori, N. Kataoka, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, presented at the 8th International Federation for Information Processing Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling, Ghent, Belgium, February 2–4, 2004.

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689.
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, T. Hamanaka, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP33.

Way, W. I.

Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way, and G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S.-D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP29.

Yang, Q.

J. Yu, G. K. Chang, and Q. Yang, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2156 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.-D.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S.-D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP29.

Yi, X.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, and A. V. Tran, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuCl.

Yiannopoulos, K.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, G. K. Chang, and Q. Yang, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2156 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper TuQ5.

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Osawa, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, Electron. Lett. 37, 1356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689.
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way, and G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1728 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Yu, G. K. Chang, and Q. Yang, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 2156 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (7)

N. Wada, R. Takemori, N. Kataoka, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, presented at the 8th International Federation for Information Processing Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling, Ghent, Belgium, February 2–4, 2004.

M. R. Mokhtar, M. Ibsen, P. C. The, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThGG54.

X. Wang, T. Hamanaka, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP33.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, and A. V. Tran, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuCl.

N. Wada and K. Kitayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 362–364.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S.-D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP29.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper TuQ5.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of the proposed encoding–decoding method.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Waveform of the label generator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated and measured waveforms.

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