Abstract

We demonstrate what is to our knowledge the first example of four-photon luminescence microscopy in GaN and apply it to quality mapping of bulk GaN. The simultaneously acquired second- and third-harmonic generation can be used to map the distribution of the piezoelectric field and the band-tail state density, respectively. Through spectrum- and power-dependent studies, the fourth power dependence of the band edge luminescence is confirmed. The superb spatial resolution of the four-photon luminescence modality is also demonstrated. This technique provides a high-resolution, noninvasive monitoring and tool for examining the physical properties of semiconductors.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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