Abstract

Two-frequency operation of a composite Er,Yb:glassLiTaO3 monolithic microlaser is demonstrated at 1.53μm. The thermo-optic effect of the intracavity birefringent crystal makes it possible to control the wavelengths of the two orthogonal linearly polarized eigenstates. It provides a tunable beat note from 0 to 60 GHz. Direct evaluation of the Lamb-type coupling constant C between the two eigenstates is obtained from a single intensity noise spectrum measurement, yielding values from 0.33 to 0.86, depending on transverse and axial distributions of the eigenstates. Applications to radar and telecommunication systems are discussed.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

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J. F. Carlin, R. P. Stanley, P. Pellandini, U. Oesterle, and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 908 (1999).
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J. Y. Law and G. P. Agrawal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 437 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).
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M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baxter, G. W.

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Benazet, B.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bielawski, S.

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and P. Glorieux, Phys. Rev. A 46, 1692 (1992).
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S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and P. Glorieux, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2811 (1992).
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Blanc, S.

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuL5.

Bretenaker, F.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
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D. Jacob, N. H. Tran, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1843 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuL5.

Brunel, M.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuL5.

Carlin, J. F.

J. F. Carlin, R. P. Stanley, P. Pellandini, U. Oesterle, and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Croussore, K.

Czarske, J. W.

J. W. Czarske and H. Mueller, Opt. Commun. 114, 223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, J. M.

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Derozier, D.

S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and P. Glorieux, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2811 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and P. Glorieux, Phys. Rev. A 46, 1692 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Bin, P.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuL5.

Esherick, P.

Glorieux, P.

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and P. Glorieux, Phys. Rev. A 46, 1692 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and P. Glorieux, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2811 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, C.

Huignard, J.-P.

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuL5.

Ilegems, M.

J. F. Carlin, R. P. Stanley, P. Pellandini, U. Oesterle, and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, D.

Killinger, D. K.

Kilper, D. C.

Knowles, D. S.

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Lamb, W. E.

M. Sargent, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, 1974).

Laporta, P.

Law, J. Y.

J. Y. Law and G. P. Agrawal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 437 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Le Floch, A.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Jacob, N. H. Tran, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1843 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuL5.

Lepage, J. F.

Longhi, S.

Mandel, P.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and P. Glorieux, Phys. Rev. A 46, 1692 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCarthy, N.

Morvan, L.

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuL5.

Mueller, H.

J. W. Czarske and H. Mueller, Opt. Commun. 114, 223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Oesterle, U.

J. F. Carlin, R. P. Stanley, P. Pellandini, U. Oesterle, and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and P. Glorieux, Phys. Rev. A 46, 1692 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Otsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 49 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Owyoung, A.

Pellandini, P.

J. F. Carlin, R. P. Stanley, P. Pellandini, U. Oesterle, and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pieroux, D.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raja, M. YasinAkhtar

Sacchi, G.

Sargent, M.

M. Sargent, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, 1974).

Scully, M. O.

M. Sargent, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, 1974).

Stanley, R. P.

J. F. Carlin, R. P. Stanley, P. Pellandini, U. Oesterle, and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stoeckel, F.

Svelto, O.

Taccheo, S.

Thony, P.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tran, N. H.

Vallet, M.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuL5.

Wang, J.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. F. Carlin, R. P. Stanley, P. Pellandini, U. Oesterle, and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Otsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 49 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Law and G. P. Agrawal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 437 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

J. W. Czarske and H. Mueller, Opt. Commun. 114, 223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and P. Glorieux, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2811 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, S. Bielawski, D. Derozier, and P. Glorieux, Phys. Rev. A 46, 1692 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuL5.

M. Sargent, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, 1974).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the microchip laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tunability of the laser wavelengths (diamonds, experimental; dashed lines, linear fits) and of the corresponding beat frequency (dots, experimental; solid line, linear fit). Inset, beat note at 26 GHz (span 400 MHz, resolution bandwidth 300 kHz, linear scale, peak power 60 dBm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Polarization-resolved intensity recordings versus (a) time and (b) frequency (resolution bandwidth 3 kHz, averaging time 2.8 s); power spectral densities of I x and I y are 65 dB Hz at Ω L and 75 dB Hz at Ω R .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental intensity difference ( I x I y ) spectra for wavelength differences corresponding to coupling constants C = 0.33 (dotted curve), 0.71 (short-dashed curve), 0.79 (long-dashed curve), and 0.86 (solid curve). The frequency axis is normalized to Ω R for each curve (see text for absolute values).

Equations (3)

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d N j d t = Γ p γ N j ( β j I j + θ j k I k ) N j ,
d I j d t = γ c I j + κ N j I j ,
C = [ 1 ( Ω L Ω R ) 2 1 + ( Ω L Ω R ) 2 ] 2 ,

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