Abstract

Unprecedented optical control of the surface plasmon polariton assisted transmission of terahertz radiation through subwavelength apertures is rendered possible by carrier-induced changes to the dielectric properties of a semiconductor grating. Although the study presented is static, the extension of our approach to dynamic switching and tuning is deemed straightforward, opening the way for the realization of ultrafast surface plasmon based devices.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  2. B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. Tan, T. Preist, and R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 62, 11134 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Martín-Moreno, F. García-Vidal, H. Lezec, K. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. Pendry, and T. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. U. Schröter and W. Heitmann, Phys. Rev. B 58, 15419 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Sönnichsen, A. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306(R) (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Hirori, K. Yamashita, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 43, L1287 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Gómez Rivas, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Opt. Lett. 29, 1680 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Greene, J. Federici, D. Dykaar, A. Levi, and L. Pfeiffer, Opt. Lett. 16, 48 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Zedler, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, H. Kurz, and H. Künzel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4196 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. O. Madelung, Physics of III-V Compounds (Wiley, 1964).
  18. L. Martín-Moreno and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Express 12, 3619 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

2003 (3)

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Zedler, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, H. Kurz, and H. Künzel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

L. Martín-Moreno, F. García-Vidal, H. Lezec, K. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. Pendry, and T. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

C. Sönnichsen, A. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Tan, T. Preist, and R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 62, 11134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Schröter and W. Heitmann, Phys. Rev. B 58, 15419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1983 (1)

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W.

W. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bolivar, P. Haring

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Opt. Express 13, 847 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Gómez Rivas, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Opt. Lett. 29, 1680 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zedler, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, H. Kurz, and H. Künzel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duch, A.

C. Sönnichsen, A. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dykaar, D.

Ebbesen, T.

W. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martín-Moreno, F. García-Vidal, H. Lezec, K. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. Pendry, and T. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Federici, J.

Feldmann, J.

C. Sönnichsen, A. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F.

L. Martín-Moreno and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Express 12, 3619 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Martín-Moreno, F. García-Vidal, H. Lezec, K. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. Pendry, and T. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H.

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Greene, B.

Grupp, D.

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heitmann, W.

U. Schröter and W. Heitmann, Phys. Rev. B 58, 15419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hirori, H.

H. Hirori, K. Yamashita, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 43, L1287 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Janke, C.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Opt. Express 13, 847 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Zedler, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, H. Kurz, and H. Künzel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

C. Sönnichsen, A. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krishnan, A.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Künzel, H.

M. Zedler, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, H. Kurz, and H. Künzel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Opt. Express 13, 847 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Gómez Rivas, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Opt. Lett. 29, 1680 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zedler, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, H. Kurz, and H. Künzel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Levi, A.

Lezec, H.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Martín-Moreno, F. García-Vidal, H. Lezec, K. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. Pendry, and T. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liedberg, B.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lundstrom, I.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Madelung, O.

O. Madelung, Physics of III-V Compounds (Wiley, 1964).

Martín-Moreno, L.

L. Martín-Moreno and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Express 12, 3619 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Martín-Moreno, F. García-Vidal, H. Lezec, K. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. Pendry, and T. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, M.

H. Hirori, K. Yamashita, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 43, L1287 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nylander, C.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pellerin, K.

L. Martín-Moreno, F. García-Vidal, H. Lezec, K. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. Pendry, and T. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J.

L. Martín-Moreno, F. García-Vidal, H. Lezec, K. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. Pendry, and T. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, L.

Preist, T.

W. Tan, T. Preist, and R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 62, 11134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Rivas, J. Gómez

Sambles, R.

W. Tan, T. Preist, and R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 62, 11134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schotsch, C.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schröter, U.

U. Schröter and W. Heitmann, Phys. Rev. B 58, 15419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sönnichsen, C.

C. Sönnichsen, A. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Steininger, G.

C. Sönnichsen, A. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tan, W.

W. Tan, T. Preist, and R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 62, 11134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

H. Hirori, K. Yamashita, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 43, L1287 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

L. Martín-Moreno, F. García-Vidal, H. Lezec, K. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. Pendry, and T. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

von Plessen, G.

C. Sönnichsen, A. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, K.

H. Hirori, K. Yamashita, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 43, L1287 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zedler, M.

M. Zedler, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, H. Kurz, and H. Künzel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. Sönnichsen, A. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Zedler, C. Janke, P. Haring Bolivar, H. Kurz, and H. Künzel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 (1)

H. Hirori, K. Yamashita, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 43, L1287 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, H. Lezec, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Schröter and W. Heitmann, Phys. Rev. B 58, 15419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Tan, T. Preist, and R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 62, 11134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Martín-Moreno, F. García-Vidal, H. Lezec, K. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. Pendry, and T. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators (1)

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, Sens. Actuators 4, 299 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

O. Madelung, Physics of III-V Compounds (Wiley, 1964).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

THz time domain transmission through a grating of subwavelength apertures structured in InSb and under optical illumination with a laser beam on one face. The temperature of the grating is 240 K. The different curves correspond to different optical pump powers. The transients are offset vertically for clarity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmittance through a grating of subwavelength apertures structured in InSb for five different optical pump powers at (a) room temperature and (b) 240 K. The solid curves are Lorentzian fits.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Maximum transmittance and (b) center wavelength of the SPP resonance as a function of optical power for room temperature (open squares) and 240 K (open circles). The solid curves and lines are fits to the measurements.

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