Abstract

Depressed cladding waveguides have been formed in laser crystals by a tightly focused beam of a femtosecond laser. A laser based on a depressed cladding waveguide in a neodymium-doped YAG crystal has been demonstrated for what is believed to be the first time.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kurobori, D. Takamizu, T. Kamiya, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 311 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. V. Streltsov, Proc. SPIE 4941, 51 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. V. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, I. Bennion, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CWA49.
  5. J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 493 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Barty, K. A. Nugent, D. Paganin, and A. Roberts, Opt. Lett. 23, 817 (1998); http://www.iatia.com.au/products/qpm.asp.
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 277 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, 1983).

2004 (2)

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kurobori, D. Takamizu, T. Kamiya, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

A. V. Streltsov, Proc. SPIE 4941, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 493 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1966 (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 277 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Apostolopoulos, V.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barty, A.

Bennion, I.

M. V. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, I. Bennion, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CWA49.

Cerullo, G.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clay, R. A.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 277 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Colomb, T.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Depeursinge, C.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dubov, M. V.

M. V. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, I. Bennion, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CWA49.

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 277 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, M.

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kurobori, D. Takamizu, T. Kamiya, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hosono, H.

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kurobori, D. Takamizu, T. Kamiya, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kamiya, T.

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kurobori, D. Takamizu, T. Kamiya, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawamura, K.

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kurobori, D. Takamizu, T. Kamiya, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khrushchev, I.

M. V. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, I. Bennion, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CWA49.

Kurobori, T.

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kurobori, D. Takamizu, T. Kamiya, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laversenne, L.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 493 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, 1983).

Mackenzie, J. I.

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 493 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nugent, K. A.

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

M. V. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, I. Bennion, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CWA49.

Osellame, R.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paganin, D.

Pollnau, M.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, A.

Salathé, R. P.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 493 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shestakov, A. V.

M. V. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, I. Bennion, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CWA49.

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, 1983).

Streltsov, A. V.

A. V. Streltsov, Proc. SPIE 4941, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takamizu, D.

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kurobori, D. Takamizu, T. Kamiya, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kurobori, D. Takamizu, T. Kamiya, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Salathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 493 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 277 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. V. Streltsov, Proc. SPIE 4941, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. V. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, I. Bennion, A. G. Okhrimchuk, and A. V. Shestakov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CWA49.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, 1983).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a, End view of a depressed cladding waveguide inscribed in YAG : Nd 3 + . b, Experimental setups for lasing experiments. The output coupler (OC) is directly attached to the end of the waveguide. C, collimator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a, Laser output as a function of pump power measured with the 24% output coupler. b, Dependence of the threshold pump power on logarithmic output coupling losses ξ = ln ( 1 T OC ) . Squares, experimental data; solid line, theory.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a, Near-field and b, far-field images of the laser beam. Field profiles and Gaussian fitting curves are shown as scatter graphs and solid curves, respectively.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P th ( ξ ) = P 0 ( 1 + ξ 2 α L ) .
V = ( π ρ 2 a ) 1 2 exp ( ρ 2 2 a 2 ) ,
V = 2 π ρ λ 2 n Δ n ,

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