Abstract

A three-dimensional common-path interferometer is proposed, which can achromatically null out an on-axis source while it maintains the detectability of an off-axis source. A geometric phase in the three-dimensional interferometer introduces an achromatic π-phase shift to the light from the on-axis source, such that destructive interference nulls out the axial light at one of the ports of the interferometer. Light from the off-axis source, which is exempt from the π-phase shift, comes out from both ports with equal intensity. The common-path scheme makes the system highly immune to environmental disturbances.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2004 (2)

C. van der Avoort, A. Mieremet, S. Pereira, and J. Braat, Proc. SPIE 5491, 816 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Tavrov, Yo. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, and M. Takeda, Proc. SPIE 5491, 824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Tavrov, R. Bohr, M. Totzeck, H. Tiziani, and M. Takeda, Opt. Lett. 27, 22070 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (4)

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 141, 319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Tavrov, Yo. Miyamoto, T. Kawabata, M. Takeda, and V. Andreev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clenet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1978 (1)

R. N. Bracewell, Nature 274, 780 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, V.

Baba, N.

N. Baba, N. Murakami, and T. Ishigaki, Opt. Lett. 26, 1167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Nishikawa, T. Kotani, N. Murakami, N. Baba, Y. Itoh, and M. Tamura, “Combination of nulling interferometer and modified pupil for observations of exo-planets,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (to be published).

Bascou, E.

Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, E. Bascou, and J. L. Schneider, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, “Achromatic phase shifters for space interoferometry,” (The Netherlands2001), rabbia@obs-azur.fr.

Baudoz, P.

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 141, 319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bely, P.

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boccaletti, A.

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clenet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bohr, R.

A. Tavrov, R. Bohr, M. Totzeck, H. Tiziani, and M. Takeda, Opt. Lett. 27, 22070 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2002), Chap. 10.

Braat, J.

C. van der Avoort, A. Mieremet, S. Pereira, and J. Braat, Proc. SPIE 5491, 816 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bracewell, R. N.

R. N. Bracewell, Nature 274, 780 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Burg, R.

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Charbonnier, F.

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clenet, Y.

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clenet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fleury, B.

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gay, J.

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 141, 319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, E. Bascou, and J. L. Schneider, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, “Achromatic phase shifters for space interoferometry,” (The Netherlands2001), rabbia@obs-azur.fr.

Hardy, G. J.

Hariharan, P.

P. Hariharan, in Handbook of Optics, M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1995), Vol. 2, Chap. 21.

Ishigaki, T.

Itoh, K.

K. Itoh, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 1996), Vol. XXXV, p. 145.
[CrossRef]

Itoh, Y.

J. Nishikawa, T. Kotani, N. Murakami, N. Baba, Y. Itoh, and M. Tamura, “Combination of nulling interferometer and modified pupil for observations of exo-planets,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (to be published).

Kawabata, T.

Kotani, T.

J. Nishikawa, T. Kotani, N. Murakami, N. Baba, Y. Itoh, and M. Tamura, “Combination of nulling interferometer and modified pupil for observations of exo-planets,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (to be published).

Kurokawa, T.

A. Tavrov, Yo. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, and M. Takeda, Proc. SPIE 5491, 824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Labeyrie, A.

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clenet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Madec, P. Y.

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mieremet, A.

C. van der Avoort, A. Mieremet, S. Pereira, and J. Braat, Proc. SPIE 5491, 816 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, Yo.

Murakami, N.

N. Baba, N. Murakami, and T. Ishigaki, Opt. Lett. 26, 1167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Nishikawa, T. Kotani, N. Murakami, N. Baba, Y. Itoh, and M. Tamura, “Combination of nulling interferometer and modified pupil for observations of exo-planets,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (to be published).

Nguyen, H. T.

Nishikawa, J.

J. Nishikawa, T. Kotani, N. Murakami, N. Baba, Y. Itoh, and M. Tamura, “Combination of nulling interferometer and modified pupil for observations of exo-planets,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (to be published).

Paez, G.

M. S. Scholl and G. Paez, Infrared Phys. Technol. 40, 357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, S.

C. van der Avoort, A. Mieremet, S. Pereira, and J. Braat, Proc. SPIE 5491, 816 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petro, L.

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rabbia, Y.

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 141, 319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, E. Bascou, and J. L. Schneider, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, “Achromatic phase shifters for space interoferometry,” (The Netherlands2001), rabbia@obs-azur.fr.

Riaud, P.

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clenet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rouan, D.

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clenet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmidtlin, E. G. H.

Schneider, J. L.

Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, E. Bascou, and J. L. Schneider, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, “Achromatic phase shifters for space interoferometry,” (The Netherlands2001), rabbia@obs-azur.fr.

Scholl, M. S.

M. S. Scholl and G. Paez, Infrared Phys. Technol. 40, 357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Serabyn, E.

Shioda, T.

A. Tavrov, Yo. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, and M. Takeda, Proc. SPIE 5491, 824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

A. Tavrov, Yo. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, and M. Takeda, Proc. SPIE 5491, 824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Tavrov, R. Bohr, M. Totzeck, H. Tiziani, and M. Takeda, Opt. Lett. 27, 22070 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Tavrov, Yo. Miyamoto, T. Kawabata, M. Takeda, and V. Andreev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, M.

J. Nishikawa, T. Kotani, N. Murakami, N. Baba, Y. Itoh, and M. Tamura, “Combination of nulling interferometer and modified pupil for observations of exo-planets,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (to be published).

Tanaka, Yo.

A. Tavrov, Yo. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, and M. Takeda, Proc. SPIE 5491, 824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tavrov, A.

A. Tavrov, Yo. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, and M. Takeda, Proc. SPIE 5491, 824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Tavrov, R. Bohr, M. Totzeck, H. Tiziani, and M. Takeda, Opt. Lett. 27, 22070 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Tavrov, Yo. Miyamoto, T. Kawabata, M. Takeda, and V. Andreev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tiziani, H.

A. Tavrov, R. Bohr, M. Totzeck, H. Tiziani, and M. Takeda, Opt. Lett. 27, 22070 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Totzeck, M.

A. Tavrov, R. Bohr, M. Totzeck, H. Tiziani, and M. Takeda, Opt. Lett. 27, 22070 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van der Avoort, C.

C. van der Avoort, A. Mieremet, S. Pereira, and J. Braat, Proc. SPIE 5491, 816 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, J. K.

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2002), Chap. 10.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (2)

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 141, 319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Baudoz, Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, R. Burg, L. Petro, P. Bely, B. Fleury, P. Y. Madec, and F. Charbonnier, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 145, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

M. S. Scholl and G. Paez, Infrared Phys. Technol. 40, 357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nature (1)

R. N. Bracewell, Nature 274, 780 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

A. Tavrov, R. Bohr, M. Totzeck, H. Tiziani, and M. Takeda, Opt. Lett. 27, 22070 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Baba, N. Murakami, and T. Ishigaki, Opt. Lett. 26, 1167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

C. van der Avoort, A. Mieremet, S. Pereira, and J. Braat, Proc. SPIE 5491, 816 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Tavrov, Yo. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, and M. Takeda, Proc. SPIE 5491, 824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (1)

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clenet, and A. Labeyrie, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, E. Bascou, and J. L. Schneider, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, “Achromatic phase shifters for space interoferometry,” (The Netherlands2001), rabbia@obs-azur.fr.

J. Nishikawa, T. Kotani, N. Murakami, N. Baba, Y. Itoh, and M. Tamura, “Combination of nulling interferometer and modified pupil for observations of exo-planets,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (to be published).

K. Itoh, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 1996), Vol. XXXV, p. 145.
[CrossRef]

P. Hariharan, in Handbook of Optics, M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1995), Vol. 2, Chap. 21.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2002), Chap. 10.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of nulling for long-base interferometry and coronagraphy.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Out-of-plane common-path interferometer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental schematic.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pupil domain interference patterns: (a) extended on-axis source, (b) off-axis source, (c) superposition of the on-axis and the off-axis sources.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Achromatic nulling. The bright output is above the nulled output. (a) The off-axis source is switched on. (b) The on-axis source is switched on. (c) Zoomed-in intensity values. The nulling depth is 10 3 . (d) Both on-axis and off-axis sources are switched on.

Equations (1)

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NE u min u max [ 1 μ ( u ) ] d u u min u max [ 1 μ ( u ) ] d u .

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