Abstract

We report a new approach to analyze both vapor and liquid phases by utilizing a tapered fiber optic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) probe. This technique employs a fiber optic SPR probe with a modified geometry to tune the SPR coupling wavelength–angle pair. The observed composite spectrum included two distinct SPR dips associated with surface plasmons excited in the gas and liquid active regions. This sensor is able to detect refractive index changes in both vapor and liquid phases individually by simultaneous monitoring SPR coupling wavelengths from the two sensing surfaces.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. A. Obando and K. S. Booksh, Anal. Chem. 71, 5116–5122 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. A. Obando, D. J. Gentleman, J. R. Holloway, and K. S. Booksh, Sens. Actuators B 100, 439–449 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y.-C. Kim, S. Banerji, J.-F. Masson, W. Peng, and K. S. Booksh, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 130, 838 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y.-C. Kim, J.-F. Masson, and K. S. Booksh, “Single-crystal sapphire-fiber optic sensors based on surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy for in situ monitoring,” Talanta (to be published).
  5. C. E. H. Berger, T. A. M. Beumer, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Anal. Chem. 70, 703–706 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. G. Nenninger, J. B. Clendenning, C. E. Furlong, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 38–45 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clément, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 118–124 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Ishimaru, Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Radiation, and Scattering (Prentice-Hall, 1991).
  9. K. S. Johnston, S. R. Karlsen, C. C. Jung, and S. S. Yee, Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 242–246 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y.-C. Kim, S. Banerji, J.-F. Masson, W. Peng, and K. S. Booksh, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 130, 838 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

L. A. Obando, D. J. Gentleman, J. R. Holloway, and K. S. Booksh, Sens. Actuators B 100, 439–449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clément, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 118–124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. A. Obando and K. S. Booksh, Anal. Chem. 71, 5116–5122 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

C. E. H. Berger, T. A. M. Beumer, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Anal. Chem. 70, 703–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Nenninger, J. B. Clendenning, C. E. Furlong, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 38–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. S. Johnston, S. R. Karlsen, C. C. Jung, and S. S. Yee, Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 242–246 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Banerji, S.

Y.-C. Kim, S. Banerji, J.-F. Masson, W. Peng, and K. S. Booksh, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 130, 838 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berger, C. E. H.

C. E. H. Berger, T. A. M. Beumer, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Anal. Chem. 70, 703–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beumer, T. A. M.

C. E. H. Berger, T. A. M. Beumer, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Anal. Chem. 70, 703–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bévenot, X.

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clément, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 118–124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Booksh, K. S.

Y.-C. Kim, S. Banerji, J.-F. Masson, W. Peng, and K. S. Booksh, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 130, 838 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Obando, D. J. Gentleman, J. R. Holloway, and K. S. Booksh, Sens. Actuators B 100, 439–449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Obando and K. S. Booksh, Anal. Chem. 71, 5116–5122 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Kim, J.-F. Masson, and K. S. Booksh, “Single-crystal sapphire-fiber optic sensors based on surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy for in situ monitoring,” Talanta (to be published).

Clément, M.

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clément, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 118–124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clendenning, J. B.

G. G. Nenninger, J. B. Clendenning, C. E. Furlong, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 38–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Furlong, C. E.

G. G. Nenninger, J. B. Clendenning, C. E. Furlong, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 38–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gagnaire, H.

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clément, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 118–124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gentleman, D. J.

L. A. Obando, D. J. Gentleman, J. R. Holloway, and K. S. Booksh, Sens. Actuators B 100, 439–449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Greve, J.

C. E. H. Berger, T. A. M. Beumer, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Anal. Chem. 70, 703–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Holloway, J. R.

L. A. Obando, D. J. Gentleman, J. R. Holloway, and K. S. Booksh, Sens. Actuators B 100, 439–449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ishimaru, A.

A. Ishimaru, Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Radiation, and Scattering (Prentice-Hall, 1991).

Johnston, K. S.

K. S. Johnston, S. R. Karlsen, C. C. Jung, and S. S. Yee, Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 242–246 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jung, C. C.

K. S. Johnston, S. R. Karlsen, C. C. Jung, and S. S. Yee, Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 242–246 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Karlsen, S. R.

K. S. Johnston, S. R. Karlsen, C. C. Jung, and S. S. Yee, Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 242–246 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Kim, S. Banerji, J.-F. Masson, W. Peng, and K. S. Booksh, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 130, 838 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Kim, J.-F. Masson, and K. S. Booksh, “Single-crystal sapphire-fiber optic sensors based on surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy for in situ monitoring,” Talanta (to be published).

Kooyman, R. P. H.

C. E. H. Berger, T. A. M. Beumer, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Anal. Chem. 70, 703–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Masson, J.-F.

Y.-C. Kim, S. Banerji, J.-F. Masson, W. Peng, and K. S. Booksh, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 130, 838 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Kim, J.-F. Masson, and K. S. Booksh, “Single-crystal sapphire-fiber optic sensors based on surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy for in situ monitoring,” Talanta (to be published).

Nenninger, G. G.

G. G. Nenninger, J. B. Clendenning, C. E. Furlong, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 38–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Obando, L. A.

L. A. Obando, D. J. Gentleman, J. R. Holloway, and K. S. Booksh, Sens. Actuators B 100, 439–449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Obando and K. S. Booksh, Anal. Chem. 71, 5116–5122 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peng, W.

Y.-C. Kim, S. Banerji, J.-F. Masson, W. Peng, and K. S. Booksh, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 130, 838 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Trouillet, A.

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clément, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 118–124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Veillas, C.

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clément, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 118–124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S. S.

G. G. Nenninger, J. B. Clendenning, C. E. Furlong, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 38–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Johnston, S. R. Karlsen, C. C. Jung, and S. S. Yee, Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 242–246 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (2)

L. A. Obando and K. S. Booksh, Anal. Chem. 71, 5116–5122 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. E. H. Berger, T. A. M. Beumer, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Anal. Chem. 70, 703–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) (1)

Y.-C. Kim, S. Banerji, J.-F. Masson, W. Peng, and K. S. Booksh, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 130, 838 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

K. S. Johnston, S. R. Karlsen, C. C. Jung, and S. S. Yee, Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 242–246 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clément, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 118–124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (2)

G. G. Nenninger, J. B. Clendenning, C. E. Furlong, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 38–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Obando, D. J. Gentleman, J. R. Holloway, and K. S. Booksh, Sens. Actuators B 100, 439–449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Y.-C. Kim, J.-F. Masson, and K. S. Booksh, “Single-crystal sapphire-fiber optic sensors based on surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy for in situ monitoring,” Talanta (to be published).

A. Ishimaru, Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Radiation, and Scattering (Prentice-Hall, 1991).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Drawings and photographs of (left) dual-tapered and (right) tetra-tapered SPR probes (diameter 560 μ m ).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Contour plot of the theoretical SPR spectra as a function of incident angle ( θ inc ) and incident wavelength ( λ inc ) .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Air and water SPR spectra from dual-tapered probes in relation to incidence angle.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Air and water SPR spectra from a tetra-tapered probe ( θ inc 50° and 75°).

Equations (2)

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Δ λ SPR = 3.7 Δ C 0.048 ,
Δ λ SPR = 0.012 Δ C 2 + 0.095 Δ C + 0.090 ,

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