Abstract

We retrieve intensity and phase profiles of 280fs, 50MHz optical pulses with 124aJ coupled pulse energy (960 photons) by second-harmonic generation (SHG) frequency-resolved optical gating, using aperiodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides. The strong nonlinear interaction that is due to confinement within the micrometer-sized waveguide structure and the linearly chirped poling period contribute, respectively, to high SHG efficiency and broad phase-matching bandwidth. The achieved sensitivity is 2.7×106mW2, improving on the previous record for self-referenced complete pulse characterization by 5 orders of magnitude.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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2005 (2)

2004 (2)

B. C. Thomsen, D. A. Reid, R. T. Watts, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S.-D. Yang, A. M. Weiner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 2070 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3227 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Arbore, M. A.

Baltuska, A.

Barry, L. P.

B. C. Thomsen, D. A. Reid, R. T. Watts, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bowie, J. L.

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3227 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbugel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 21, 884 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dinu, M.

M. Dinu and F. Ouochi, J. Opt. Networking 1, 237 (2002).

Dorrer, C.

Dudley, J. M.

P.-A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Lacourt, J. M. Dudley, J-M. Merolla, H. Porte, J.-P. Goedgebuer, and W. T. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 27, 863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3227 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbugel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 21, 884 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galvanauskas, A.

Goedgebuer, J.-P.

Hanna, M.

P.-A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harter, D.

Harvey, J. D.

B. C. Thomsen, D. A. Reid, R. T. Watts, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Imeshev, G.

Jennings, R. T.

Jiang, Z.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3227 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3227 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbugel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 21, 884 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacourt, P.-A.

P.-A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Lacourt, J. M. Dudley, J-M. Merolla, H. Porte, J.-P. Goedgebuer, and W. T. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 27, 863 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Leaird, D. E.

Merolla, J-M.

Ouochi, F.

M. Dinu and F. Ouochi, J. Opt. Networking 1, 237 (2002).

Parameswaran, K. R.

Porte, H.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Reid, D. A.

B. C. Thomsen, D. A. Reid, R. T. Watts, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rhodes, W. T.

Roussev, R. V.

Seo, D. S.

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3227 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbugel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 21, 884 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomsen, B. C.

B. C. Thomsen, D. A. Reid, R. T. Watts, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3227 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbugel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 21, 884 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

Watts, R. T.

B. C. Thomsen, D. A. Reid, R. T. Watts, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Wiersma, D. A.

Yang, S.-D.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup: I-CCD, intensified charge-coupled device.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase-matching tuning curve of the A-PPLN waveguide measured at 21 ° C .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured and retrieved FROG traces.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Retrieved pulse depicted in (a) the frequency domain and (b) the time domain for both 9.5 fJ and 124 aJ coupled pulse energies. The dotted curve in (a) represents the independently measured power spectrum.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Retrieved spectral intensity and phase of the pulse dispersed by a 5 m long SMF. The pulse dispersion is estimated as 70 fs nm .

Equations (4)

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P NL ( ω , τ ) P NL ( X ) ( ω , 0 ) × { 1 + exp [ j ( ω + 2 ω 0 ) τ ] } + 2 P NL ( X ) ( ω , τ ) × exp ( j ω 0 τ ) .
P ¯ NL ( ω , τ ) 2 P NL ( X ) ( ω , 0 ) 2 + 2 P NL ( X ) ( ω , τ ) 2 ,
I ̃ FROG ( ω , τ ) P ¯ NL ( ω , τ ) × H ( ω ) 2 = [ I FROG ( ω , 0 ) + 2 I FROG ( ω , τ ) ] × H ( ω ) 2 ,
I FROG ( ω , τ ) { I ̃ FROG ( ω , τ ) × [ I ( ω ) I ( ω ) ] } [ I ̃ FROG ( ω , τ ) d τ ] ,

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