Abstract

A stable passively synchronized femtosecond laser has been realized by coupling two 1.3 W mode-locked Ti:sapphire lasers with a Kerr medium. An ultralong tolerance of 10μm for the cavity length mismatch and a timing jitter of less than 0.4 fs were obtained. The relative carrier-envelope phase slip was directly observed by measuring the heterodyne output between the two lasers.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2004

2002

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wei, Y. Kaboyashi, and K. Torizuka, Appl. Phys. B Suppl.  74, S171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, Opt. Lett. 26, 1806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

1998

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

C. Fürst, A. Leitenstorfer, and A. Laubereau, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1993

1989

T. S. Rose, M. J. Rosker, and A. H. Zewail, J. Chem. Phys. 91, 7415 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano, P. L. Baldeck, and P. P. Ho, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 824 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

Asaki, M. T.

Backus, S.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baldeck, P. L.

Becker, P. C.

Betz, M.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Barros, M. R.X.

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C. G.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fürst, C.

C. Fürst, A. Leitenstorfer, and A. Laubereau, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, Opt. Lett. 20, 916 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garvey, D.

Hall, J. L.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, P. P.

Holzwarth, R.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C. P.

Ito, H.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaboyashi, Y.

Z. Wei, Y. Kaboyashi, and K. Torizuka, Appl. Phys. B Suppl.  74, S171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. P. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawase, K.

Kobayashi, Y.

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, Opt. Lett. 26, 1806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CThz2.

Laubereau, A.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Ma, L.-S.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizuno, M.

Murnane, M. M.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. P. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rose, T. S.

T. S. Rose, M. J. Rosker, and A. H. Zewail, J. Chem. Phys. 91, 7415 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rosker, M. J.

T. S. Rose, M. J. Rosker, and A. H. Zewail, J. Chem. Phys. 91, 7415 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, R. K.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sohma, S.

Sotier, F.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, H.

Taniuchi, T.

Tashiro, H.

Tauser, F.

Torizuka, K.

Z. Wei, Y. Kaboyashi, and K. Torizuka, Appl. Phys. B Suppl.  74, S171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, Opt. Lett. 26, 1806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CThz2.

Trumm, S.

Udem, Th.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Urata, Y.

Wada, S.

Wei, Z.

Z. Wei, Y. Kaboyashi, and K. Torizuka, Appl. Phys. B Suppl.  74, S171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, Opt. Lett. 26, 1806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CThz2.

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yagi, T.

Ye, J.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zewail, A. H.

T. S. Rose, M. J. Rosker, and A. H. Zewail, J. Chem. Phys. 91, 7415 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Zhou, J. P.

Appl. Phys. B

Z. Wei, Y. Kaboyashi, and K. Torizuka, Appl. Phys. B Suppl.  74, S171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

C. Fürst, A. Leitenstorfer, and A. Laubereau, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 473 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

T. S. Rose, M. J. Rosker, and A. H. Zewail, J. Chem. Phys. 91, 7415 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CThz2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the cavity arrangement for the dual-wavelength passively synchronized Ti : sapphire laser: M1, M2, M5-M8, M11, and M12 are concave mirrors of 10 cm radius of curvature; M3, M4, M9, and M10 are flat reflectors; OC1 and OC2, are 20% output couplers; other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Normalized cross-correlation trace of the two Ti : sapphire lasers, corresponding to a FWHM of 59 fs, assuming a Gaussian profile. (b) Intensity fluctuations of the sum-frequency signal at half the peak height. The standard deviation of the fluctuations is 0.00653.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the beat frequency signal measurement: M1–M5, gold mirrors; PD, photodiode; BS, thin broadband beam splitter; SA, spectrum analyzer; SF, slit and filter; G, grating.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

rf power spectrum of both Ti : sapphire lasers over a span of 150 MHz. The resolution bandwidth and sweep time were set at 100 kHz and 50 ms, respectively. δ, beat signal; f rep , repetition rate.

Equations (1)

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δ t = 8 π n 2 L T 0 S ( P 1 D 2 λ 2 τ 1 + P 2 D 1 λ 1 τ 2 ) ,

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