Abstract

An erbium-doped transparent glass ceramic, consisting of LaF3 nanocrystallites with a characteristic length of approximately 20nm embedded in an aluminosilicate glass matrix and exhibiting infrared-to-green upconversion, has been studied. The degree of erbium partitioning into the nanocrystallite phase was found using energy transfer coefficients determined from bulk Er3+:LaF3 samples. This transparent glass ceramic sample was found to have a partitioning fraction of 19±5%.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

F. Goutaland, P. Jander, W. S. Brocklesby, and G. Dai, Opt. Mater. 22, 383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1998 (2)

M. J. Dejneka, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239, 149 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Dejneka, Proc. SPIE 3280, 132 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

X. Zou and T. Izumitani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 162, 68 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

W. Lüthy and H. P. Weber, Infrared Phys. 32, 283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

A. I. Burshtein, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 143, 553 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

C. M. Lawson, E. E. Freed, and R. C. Powell, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 4171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

Y. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251 (1976).

1975 (1)

E. Okamoto, M. Sekita, and H. Masui, Phys. Rev. B 11, 5103 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

W. C. Grant, Phys. Rev. B 4, 648 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

M. Yokota and O. Tanimoto, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22, 779 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1978 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

D. L. Dexter, J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

Brocklesby, W. S.

F. Goutaland, P. Jander, W. S. Brocklesby, and G. Dai, Opt. Mater. 22, 383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Burshtein, A. I.

A. I. Burshtein, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 143, 553 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Dai, G.

F. Goutaland, P. Jander, W. S. Brocklesby, and G. Dai, Opt. Mater. 22, 383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dejneka, M. J.

M. J. Dejneka, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239, 149 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Dejneka, Proc. SPIE 3280, 132 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, D. L.

D. L. Dexter, J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Freed, E. E.

C. M. Lawson, E. E. Freed, and R. C. Powell, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 4171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Goutaland, F.

F. Goutaland, P. Jander, W. S. Brocklesby, and G. Dai, Opt. Mater. 22, 383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grant, W. C.

W. C. Grant, Phys. Rev. B 4, 648 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hirayama, F.

M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1978 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Houde-Walter, S. N.

Inokuti, M.

M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1978 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Izumitani, T.

X. Zou and T. Izumitani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 162, 68 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jander, P.

F. Goutaland, P. Jander, W. S. Brocklesby, and G. Dai, Opt. Mater. 22, 383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jones, G. C.

Lawson, C. M.

C. M. Lawson, E. E. Freed, and R. C. Powell, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 4171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lüthy, W.

W. Lüthy and H. P. Weber, Infrared Phys. 32, 283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mamedov, T. G.

Y. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251 (1976).

Masui, H.

E. Okamoto, M. Sekita, and H. Masui, Phys. Rev. B 11, 5103 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, E.

E. Okamoto, M. Sekita, and H. Masui, Phys. Rev. B 11, 5103 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V. V.

Y. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251 (1976).

Powell, R. C.

C. M. Lawson, E. E. Freed, and R. C. Powell, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 4171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

Y. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251 (1976).

Rand, S. C.

Sakun, V. P.

Y. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251 (1976).

Samson, B. N.

Sekita, M.

E. Okamoto, M. Sekita, and H. Masui, Phys. Rev. B 11, 5103 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251 (1976).

Smirnov, V. A.

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tanimoto, O.

M. Yokota and O. Tanimoto, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22, 779 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Tick, P. A.

Voron’ko, Y. K.

Y. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251 (1976).

Weber, H. P.

W. Lüthy and H. P. Weber, Infrared Phys. 32, 283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Xie, P.

Yokota, M.

M. Yokota and O. Tanimoto, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22, 779 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X.

X. Zou and T. Izumitani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 162, 68 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zubenko, D. A.

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. (1)

W. Lüthy and H. P. Weber, Infrared Phys. 32, 283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

D. L. Dexter, J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836 (1953).
[CrossRef]

M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1978 (1965).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Lawson, E. E. Freed, and R. C. Powell, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 4171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

M. J. Dejneka, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239, 149 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou and T. Izumitani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 162, 68 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

M. Yokota and O. Tanimoto, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22, 779 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

F. Goutaland, P. Jander, W. S. Brocklesby, and G. Dai, Opt. Mater. 22, 383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Okamoto, M. Sekita, and H. Masui, Phys. Rev. B 11, 5103 (1975).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Grant, Phys. Rev. B 4, 648 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. J. Dejneka, Proc. SPIE 3280, 132 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

Y. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251 (1976).

Usp. Fiz. Nauk (1)

A. I. Burshtein, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 143, 553 (1984).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

TEM image of an erbium-doped TGC shard. The white patches in the central shard are La F 3 nanocrystallites.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Room temperature migration and cross-relaxation interactions between two closely spaced Er 3 + ions are shown, with energy transfer constants C DD and C DA , respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) S 3 2 4 decay data from Ref. [15], room temperature. W = 1794 ± 24 s 1 and γ = 10.6 ± 0.4 s 1 2 are determined by fits to the 2 mol. % data, from which C DA and C DD are found to be ( 3.8 ± 1.6 ) × 10 42 cm 6 s 1 and ( 7.6 ± 6.8 ) × 10 39 cm 6 s 1 , respectively. Fits using these values of C DA and C DD are found to be consistent with the 1 and 0.3 mol. % samples. (b) S 3 2 4 room temperature decay from the TGC sample. The C DA and C DD parameters from (a) are used to determine the average nanocrystallite Er 3 + density, ( 5.4 ± 1.3 ) × 10 20 cm 3 .

Equations (2)

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I ( t ) = I 0 exp [ t τ 0 B ( t ) ] ,
B ( t ) = { γ t + W t t t W t t t } ,

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