Abstract

We demonstrate efficient spectral compression of femtosecond pulses near the zero-dispersion wavelength in nonlinear photonic crystal fibers (PCFs). The highest measured compression factor is 21, in which case the spectral brightness increases by a factor of 5. We numerically model the pulse propagation and find good agreement with the experiment. We argue that the fibers studied allow for spectral narrowing of more than 2 orders of magnitude. With dispersion-shifted PCFs, efficient spectral compression can take place across the visible and near-infrared part of the spectrum.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. R. Andresen, H. N. Paulsen, V. Birkedal, J. Thøgersen, and S. R. Keiding, “Broadband multiplex coherent anti-Stokes scattering microscopy employing photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2004

2003

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2000

1996

1993

1978

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 1995).

Andersen, T. V.

Andresen, E. R.

E. R. Andresen, H. N. Paulsen, V. Birkedal, J. Thøgersen, and S. R. Keiding, “Broadband multiplex coherent anti-Stokes scattering microscopy employing photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Birkedal, V.

E. R. Andresen, H. N. Paulsen, V. Birkedal, J. Thøgersen, and S. R. Keiding, “Broadband multiplex coherent anti-Stokes scattering microscopy employing photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Buck, J. A.

Coen, S.

Cruz, C. H.Brito

Diddams, S.

Diels, J. C.

Dudley, J. M.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fragnito, H. L.

Gabler, T.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 74, 191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grossard, N.

Hansen, K. P.

Herrmann, J.

Hilligsøe, K. M.

Höpfel, R. A.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A. V.

Keiding, S. R.

K. M. Hilligsøe, T. V. Andersen, H. N. Paulsen, C. K. Nielsen, K. Mølmer, S. R. Keiding, R. Kristiansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. J. Larsen, Opt. Express 12, 1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Andresen, H. N. Paulsen, V. Birkedal, J. Thøgersen, and S. R. Keiding, “Broadband multiplex coherent anti-Stokes scattering microscopy employing photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Kristiansen, R.

Larsen, J. J.

Liem, A.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 74, 191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 74, 191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Maillotte, H.

Manus, N. I.Pires

Mølmer, K.

Nielsen, C. K.

Oberthaler, M.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Paulsen, H. N.

K. M. Hilligsøe, T. V. Andersen, H. N. Paulsen, C. K. Nielsen, K. Mølmer, S. R. Keiding, R. Kristiansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. J. Larsen, Opt. Express 12, 1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Andresen, H. N. Paulsen, V. Birkedal, J. Thøgersen, and S. R. Keiding, “Broadband multiplex coherent anti-Stokes scattering microscopy employing photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Planas, S. A.

Provino, L.

Ralph, S. E.

Russell, P.

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Thøgersen, J.

E. R. Andresen, H. N. Paulsen, V. Birkedal, J. Thøgersen, and S. R. Keiding, “Broadband multiplex coherent anti-Stokes scattering microscopy employing photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 74, 191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Washburn, B. R.

Windeler, R. S.

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 74, 191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 74, 191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Science

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

E. R. Andresen, H. N. Paulsen, V. Birkedal, J. Thøgersen, and S. R. Keiding, “Broadband multiplex coherent anti-Stokes scattering microscopy employing photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 1995).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Output spectra versus output power of (a) fiber 1 (normal dispersion); (b) fiber 2 (anomalous dispersion), (c) calculated output spectra, fiber 1; (d) calculated output spectra, fiber 2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Minimum measured FWHM in fiber 1 (crosses) and fiber 2 (squares). Dashed line, calculation, fiber 1. Inset, pulse energies that produce the minimum spectral widths.

Equations (1)

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d A ( z , t ) d z = i β 2 2 2 A ( z , t ) t 2 + i γ A ( z , t ) 2 A ( z , t ) .

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