Abstract

We report a new method of sensing a three-dimensional (3D) object surface with an arbitrary geometric shape. In this approach, the first-order beams diffracted from two acousto-optic deflectors (AODs) interfere with each other to form a spatial carrier that is used to encode the depth information from the 3D object surface. A direct digital synthesizer is utilized to control two AODs to generate sequentially spatial carriers with different spatial frequencies so that a modified temporal phase-unwrapping technique can be applied for decoding the shape information of the test surface. Preliminary experimental results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of this method.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Jain, R. Kasturi, and B. G. Schunck, Machine Vision (McGraw-Hill, 1995).
  2. L. Salas, E. Luna, J. Salinas, V. Garcia, and M. Servin, Opt. Eng. 42, 3307 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Chen, G. M. Brown, and M. Song, Opt. Eng. 39, 10 (2000), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. C. Ghiglia and M. D. Pritt, Two-Dimensional Phase Unwrapping: Theory, Algorithms, and Software (Wiley, 1998), Chaps. 2–6 and references therein.
  5. M. Takeda, W. Gu, M. Kinoshita, H. Takai, and Y. Takahashi, Appl. Opt. 36, 5347 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. O. Saldner and J. M. Huntley, Appl. Opt. 36, 2770 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. M. Huntley and H. O. Saldner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3188 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. S. Mermelistein, D. L. Feldkhun, and L. G. Shirley, Opt. Eng. 39, 106 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. K. Das, Optical Signal Processing (Springer-Verlag, 1991), pp. 150–152.
  10. X. Peng, Z. L. Yang, and H. B. Niu, Opt. Commun. 224, 35 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (2)

X. Peng, Z. L. Yang, and H. B. Niu, Opt. Commun. 224, 35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Salas, E. Luna, J. Salinas, V. Garcia, and M. Servin, Opt. Eng. 42, 3307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

F. Chen, G. M. Brown, and M. Song, Opt. Eng. 39, 10 (2000), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

M. S. Mermelistein, D. L. Feldkhun, and L. G. Shirley, Opt. Eng. 39, 106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

Brown, G. M.

F. Chen, G. M. Brown, and M. Song, Opt. Eng. 39, 10 (2000), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

F. Chen, G. M. Brown, and M. Song, Opt. Eng. 39, 10 (2000), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Das, P. K.

P. K. Das, Optical Signal Processing (Springer-Verlag, 1991), pp. 150–152.

Feldkhun, D. L.

M. S. Mermelistein, D. L. Feldkhun, and L. G. Shirley, Opt. Eng. 39, 106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, V.

L. Salas, E. Luna, J. Salinas, V. Garcia, and M. Servin, Opt. Eng. 42, 3307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ghiglia, D. C.

D. C. Ghiglia and M. D. Pritt, Two-Dimensional Phase Unwrapping: Theory, Algorithms, and Software (Wiley, 1998), Chaps. 2–6 and references therein.

Gu, W.

Huntley, J. M.

Jain, R.

R. Jain, R. Kasturi, and B. G. Schunck, Machine Vision (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

Kasturi, R.

R. Jain, R. Kasturi, and B. G. Schunck, Machine Vision (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

Kinoshita, M.

Luna, E.

L. Salas, E. Luna, J. Salinas, V. Garcia, and M. Servin, Opt. Eng. 42, 3307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mermelistein, M. S.

M. S. Mermelistein, D. L. Feldkhun, and L. G. Shirley, Opt. Eng. 39, 106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Niu, H. B.

X. Peng, Z. L. Yang, and H. B. Niu, Opt. Commun. 224, 35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

X. Peng, Z. L. Yang, and H. B. Niu, Opt. Commun. 224, 35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pritt, M. D.

D. C. Ghiglia and M. D. Pritt, Two-Dimensional Phase Unwrapping: Theory, Algorithms, and Software (Wiley, 1998), Chaps. 2–6 and references therein.

Salas, L.

L. Salas, E. Luna, J. Salinas, V. Garcia, and M. Servin, Opt. Eng. 42, 3307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saldner, H. O.

Salinas, J.

L. Salas, E. Luna, J. Salinas, V. Garcia, and M. Servin, Opt. Eng. 42, 3307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schunck, B. G.

R. Jain, R. Kasturi, and B. G. Schunck, Machine Vision (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

Servin, M.

L. Salas, E. Luna, J. Salinas, V. Garcia, and M. Servin, Opt. Eng. 42, 3307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shirley, L. G.

M. S. Mermelistein, D. L. Feldkhun, and L. G. Shirley, Opt. Eng. 39, 106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Song, M.

F. Chen, G. M. Brown, and M. Song, Opt. Eng. 39, 10 (2000), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, Y.

Takai, H.

Takeda, M.

Yang, Z. L.

X. Peng, Z. L. Yang, and H. B. Niu, Opt. Commun. 224, 35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

X. Peng, Z. L. Yang, and H. B. Niu, Opt. Commun. 224, 35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (3)

L. Salas, E. Luna, J. Salinas, V. Garcia, and M. Servin, Opt. Eng. 42, 3307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, G. M. Brown, and M. Song, Opt. Eng. 39, 10 (2000), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

M. S. Mermelistein, D. L. Feldkhun, and L. G. Shirley, Opt. Eng. 39, 106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

P. K. Das, Optical Signal Processing (Springer-Verlag, 1991), pp. 150–152.

D. C. Ghiglia and M. D. Pritt, Two-Dimensional Phase Unwrapping: Theory, Algorithms, and Software (Wiley, 1998), Chaps. 2–6 and references therein.

R. Jain, R. Kasturi, and B. G. Schunck, Machine Vision (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

System configuration of the D-AODE.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

3D imaging of a steplike surface (with a discontinuity), with (a) 25, (b) 47, and (c) 95 fringes in the field of view. (d) Unwrapped phase map. (e) Reconstructed 3D surface.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

3D imaging of a statue face (a free-form surface), with (a) 22, (b) 46, and (c) 93 fringes in the field of view. Also shown are wrapped phase maps at (d) 22, (e) 46, and (f) 93 fringes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reconstructed 3D surface: (a) unwrapped phase map with fringes 22 and 46, (b) unwrapped phase map with fringes 22, 46, and 93. (c) 3D plot.

Metrics