Abstract

We propose a new type of arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) device that operates as a Fourier-transform (FT) spectrometer without the need of scanning elements. The large input aperture size typical of a FT spectrometer eliminates the requirement for a narrow single-mode input waveguide while still achieving high spectral resolution with a markedly increased light-gathering capability (étendue). An example of the device with a resolution of 0.07nm (10GHz) and designed for a silicon-on-insulator platform is presented. The calculated spectra show no noticeable deterioration for aperture widths as large as 40μm, yielding more than a 50-fold increase in aperture size compared with conventional AWG or echelle grating based devices at the equivalent resolution.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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