Abstract

A fiber-optic-bundle-based optical coherence tomography (OCT) probe method is presented. The experimental results demonstrate this multimode optical fiber-bundle-based OCT system can achieve a lateral resolution of 12μm and an axial resolution of 10μm with a superluminescent diode source. This novel OCT imaging approach eliminates any moving parts in the probe and has a primary advantage for use in extremely compact and safe OCT endoscopes for imaging internal organs and great potential to be combined with confocal endoscopic microscopy.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Xie, H. Xie, G. K. Fedder, and Y. Pan, Electron. Lett. 39, 1535 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. P. H. Tran, D. Mukai, M. Brenner, and Z. Chen, Opt. Lett. 29, 1236 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. Herz, Y. Chen, A. Aguirre, J. G. Fujimoto, H. Mashimo, J. Schmitt, A. Goodnow, and C. Petersen, Opt. Express 12, 3532 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

T. Xie, H. Xie, G. K. Fedder, and Y. Pan, Electron. Lett. 39, 1535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aguirre, A.

Boppart, S. A.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouma, B. E.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brenner, M.

Brezinski, M. E.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chak, A.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z.

Chudoba, C.

Fedder, G. K.

T. Xie, H. Xie, G. K. Fedder, and Y. Pan, Electron. Lett. 39, 1535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feldchtein, F. I.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

P. Herz, Y. Chen, A. Aguirre, J. G. Fujimoto, H. Mashimo, J. Schmitt, A. Goodnow, and C. Petersen, Opt. Express 12, 3532 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, C. Chudoba, T. Ko, C. Pitris, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 25, 1520 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gelikonov, G. V.

Gelikonov, V. M.

Goodnow, A.

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herz, P.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Izatt, J. A.

Ko, T.

Kobayashi, K.

Kuranov, R. V.

Li, X.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mashimo, H.

Mukai, D.

Pan, Y.

T. Xie, H. Xie, G. K. Fedder, and Y. Pan, Electron. Lett. 39, 1535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, C.

Pitris, C.

X. Li, C. Chudoba, T. Ko, C. Pitris, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 25, 1520 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rollins, A. M.

Schmitt, J.

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sergeev, A. M.

Sivak, M. V.

Southern, J. F.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tearney, G. J.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tran, P. H.

Ung-arunyawee, R.

Wong, C. K.

Xie, H.

T. Xie, H. Xie, G. K. Fedder, and Y. Pan, Electron. Lett. 39, 1535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xie, T.

T. Xie, H. Xie, G. K. Fedder, and Y. Pan, Electron. Lett. 39, 1535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Xie, H. Xie, G. K. Fedder, and Y. Pan, Electron. Lett. 39, 1535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (2)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the OCT system based on a coherent fiber bundle and the microstructure of the fiber-optic bundle. BBS, broadband light source; LD, aiming laser diode; PD, photodiode; Fun Gen1, Fun Gen2, function generators.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

OCT image of a mirror obtained by the OCT system with different fiber-bundle lengths: (a) 25.4 mm, (b) 152 mm, and (c) 305 mm, with an imaging size of 3 mm by 2.8 mm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Interference fringe signal on the (a) time domain and (b) space domain.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Two-dimensional OCT image of a fresh rabbit trachea from a fiber bundle OCT system. The image size is 2.8 mm × 2.8 mm . Trachea morphology such as mucosa, submucosa, glands, and cartilage can be seen.

Equations (2)

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V = π d N A λ ,
Δ r = Δ d M objective .

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