Abstract

We present an all-optical regeneration technique based on spectral filtering of self-similar parabolic pulses (similaritons). In particular, we demonstrate numerically and experimentally that ghost pulses, which occur in the zero bit slots of telecommunication pulse trains, can be effectively suppressed. These results are obtained with a 40Gbits pulse train.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, T. Clausnitzer, K. Zöllner, H.-J. Fuchs, E.-B. Bley, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 10, 628 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 461 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Pitois, J. Fatome, and G. Millot, Opt. Lett. 27, 1729 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (5)

J. T. Mok, J. L. Blows, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 12, 4411 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T.-H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, and L. Poti, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Finot and G. Millot, Opt. Express 12, 5104 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

C. Finot, G. Millot, C. Billet, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 11, 1547 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, C. Hsu-Feng, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2000 (2)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 849 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. J. Essiambre, B. Mikkelsen, and G. Raybon, Electron. Lett. 35, 1576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Billet, C.

Bley, E.-B.

Blows, J. L.

Blumenthal, D. J.

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, C. Hsu-Feng, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bogoni, A.

A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, and L. Poti, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, C. Hsu-Feng, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 849 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clausnitzer, T.

Dudley, J. M.

Eggleton, B. J.

Essiambre, R. J.

R. J. Essiambre, B. Mikkelsen, and G. Raybon, Electron. Lett. 35, 1576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fatome, J.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finot, C.

Fuchs, H.-J.

Ghelfi, P.

A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, and L. Poti, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, C. Hsu-Feng, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 461 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Headley, C.

T.-H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Her, T.-H.

T.-H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hsu-Feng, C.

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, C. Hsu-Feng, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kruglov, V. I.

V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 461 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Limpert, J.

Mamyshev, P. V.

P. V. Mamyshev, in 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1998), pp. 475–476.

Mikkelsen, B.

R. J. Essiambre, B. Mikkelsen, and G. Raybon, Electron. Lett. 35, 1576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Millot, G.

Mok, J. T.

Peacock, A. C.

Pitois, S.

Poti, L.

A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, and L. Poti, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poulsen, H. N.

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, C. Hsu-Feng, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rau, L.

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, C. Hsu-Feng, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

T.-H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Essiambre, B. Mikkelsen, and G. Raybon, Electron. Lett. 35, 1576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scaffardi, M.

A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, and L. Poti, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

Thomsen, B. C.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trillo, S.

E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 849 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Wang, W.

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, C. Hsu-Feng, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zellmer, H.

Zöllner, K.

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. J. Essiambre, B. Mikkelsen, and G. Raybon, Electron. Lett. 35, 1576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, and L. Poti, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, C. Hsu-Feng, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T.-H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 849 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. V. Mamyshev, in 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1998), pp. 475–476.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration of the spectral broadening associated with parabolic pulse generation. Intensity spectra on a logarithmic scale of a 40 GHz pulse train: (a1) at the fiber input; (b1) and (c1) after amplification in the NZ-DSF for P av = 40 and 230 mW , respectively. The dashed curve represents the transmission profile of the optical filter. (a2), (b2), (c2), corresponding pulse trains.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Eye diagrams for a 40 Gbit s PRBS: (a) initial pulse train, (b) after propagation through a transmission line, (c) after self-similar amplification in the NZ-DSF, and (d) after filtering with a filter offset of 100 GHz .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup: VA, variable attenuator; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; BPF, optical bandpass filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Experimental autocorrelation traces of the 40 Gbit s pulse train at the Raman amplifier input (circles) and output for different values of the filter offset. (b) Experimental output versus input proportion of ghost-pulse energy for a filter offset of 200 GHz .

Equations (2)

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E ( z , t ) = A o exp ( g z 3 ) 1 [ t T ( z ) ] 2 exp { i [ φ ( z ) C 2 t 2 ] } , t T ( z ) ,
E ̃ ( z , ω ) = A o C exp ( g z 3 ) 1 [ ω Ω ( z ) ] 2 exp { i [ ψ ( z ) + ω 2 2 C ] } , ω Ω ( z ) ,

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