Abstract

Conventional single-photon detectors at communication wavelengths suffer from low quantum efficiencies and large dark counts. We present a single-photon detection system, operating at communication wavelengths, based on guided-wave frequency upconversion in a nonlinear crystal with an overall system detection efficiency (upconversion + detection) exceeding 46% at 1.56μm. This system consists of a fiber-pigtailed reverse-proton-exchanged periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide device in conjunction with a silicon-based single-photon counting module.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. K. Garside and R. E. Park, Proc. SPIE 1588, 150 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Ribordy, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, D. Stucki, M. Wegmüller, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1381 (2004).
  3. P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S.-K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369 (2004).
  4. A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 43, L735 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. A. Albota and F. N.C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, Opt. Lett. 27, 179 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 1518 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (6)

G. Ribordy, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, D. Stucki, M. Wegmüller, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1381 (2004).

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S.-K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369 (2004).

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 43, L735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Albota and F. N.C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 29, 1518 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1991 (1)

B. K. Garside and R. E. Park, Proc. SPIE 1588, 150 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Albota, M. A.

Choi, S.-K.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S.-K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369 (2004).

Dugan, S.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S.-K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369 (2004).

Fejer, M. M.

Fujimura, M.

Garside, B. K.

B. K. Garside and R. E. Park, Proc. SPIE 1588, 150 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

G. Ribordy, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, D. Stucki, M. Wegmüller, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1381 (2004).

Guinnard, O.

G. Ribordy, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, D. Stucki, M. Wegmüller, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1381 (2004).

Kaji, R.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 43, L735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Köprülü, K. G.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S.-K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369 (2004).

Kumar, P.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S.-K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369 (2004).

Kurz, J. R.

Kwiat, P. G.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Martinis, J. M.

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A. J.

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nam, S. W.

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Park, R. E.

B. K. Garside and R. E. Park, Proc. SPIE 1588, 150 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

G. Ribordy, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, D. Stucki, M. Wegmüller, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1381 (2004).

Roussev, R. V.

Route, R. K.

Sergienko, A. V.

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stucki, D.

G. Ribordy, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, D. Stucki, M. Wegmüller, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1381 (2004).

Tsuchida, H.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 43, L735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vandevender, A. P.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Voss, P. L.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S.-K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369 (2004).

Wegmüller, M.

G. Ribordy, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, D. Stucki, M. Wegmüller, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1381 (2004).

Wong, F. N.C.

Yoshizawa, A.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 43, L735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

G. Ribordy, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, D. Stucki, M. Wegmüller, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1381 (2004).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (3)

G. Ribordy, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, D. Stucki, M. Wegmüller, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1381 (2004).

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S.-K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369 (2004).

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 (1)

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 43, L735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. K. Garside and R. E. Park, Proc. SPIE 1588, 150 (1991).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for single-photon detection at 1.56 μ m . OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

QES and DC rates for a (a) 1.56 μ m and (b) 1.32 μ m single-photon detection experiment. The DC rate curve fits are merely meant to guide the eye.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of NEP f for Single-Photon Detectors Operating at 1.56 and 1.32 μ m for Our PPLN Waveguide Setup

Equations (1)

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QE int = N SFG ( L ) N sig ( 0 ) = sin 2 ( η nor P pump L ) ,

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