Abstract

We introduce a new figure of merit (FOM) including the input pump power limit associated with stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) for evaluation of the Kerr nonlinearity efficiency of optical fibers. The new FOM is expressed as γLeffPSBS (γ is a nonlinearity parameter, Leff is effective length, and PSBS is the SBS threshold), while the conventional FOM is given by γLeff. Using the new FOM, we perform an efficiency comparison among four types of state-of-the-art nonlinear optical fiber: a Bi2O3-based nonlinear fiber, a silica-based holey fiber, a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber, and a conventional dispersion-shifted fiber. The Bi2O3-based nonlinear fiber is found to have the best Kerr nonlinearity efficiency owing to the superior nonlinear property of the Bi2O3 glass compared with that of the silica.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 440 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2005 (1)

J. H. Lee, T. Taremura, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, and N. Sugimoto, Opt. Lett. 39, 1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (3)

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 440 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. K.Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1770 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1996 (1)

1972 (1)

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Li, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1770 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Asimakis, S.

Belardi, W.

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 440 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boskovic, A.

Chernikov, S. V.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Finazzi, V.

Frampton, K.

Furusawa, K.

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 440 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Hasegawa, T.

J. H. Lee, T. Taremura, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, and N. Sugimoto, Opt. Lett. 39, 1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, M.

T. Okuno, M. Tanaka, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, in Vol. 3 of Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (2003), p. 614.

Karsson, M.

J. Li, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1770 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kato, T.

T. Okuno, M. Tanaka, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, in Vol. 3 of Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (2003), p. 614.

Kazovsky, L. G.

K. K.Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

J. H. Lee, T. Taremura, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, and N. Sugimoto, Opt. Lett. 39, 1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanemura, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, Opt. Lett. 27, 1552 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koizumi, F.

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, T. Taremura, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, and N. Sugimoto, Opt. Lett. 39, 1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 440 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Levring, O. A.

Li, J.

J. Li, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1770 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P. V.

P. V. Mamyshev, in Vol. 1 of Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (1998), p. 475.

Marhic, M. E.

K. K.Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, F. Koizumi, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, Opt. Express 12, 5082 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 440 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R. C.

Nagashima, T.

J. H. Lee, T. Taremura, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, and N. Sugimoto, Opt. Lett. 39, 1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, S.

J. H. Lee, T. Taremura, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, and N. Sugimoto, Opt. Lett. 39, 1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okuno, T.

T. Okuno, M. Tanaka, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, in Vol. 3 of Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (2003), p. 614.

Olsson, B.-E.

J. Li, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1770 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, M.

T. Okuno, M. Tanaka, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, in Vol. 3 of Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (2003), p. 614.

Petropoulos, P.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, F. Koizumi, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, Opt. Express 12, 5082 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 440 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, F. Koizumi, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, Opt. Express 12, 5082 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 440 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shigematsu, M.

T. Okuno, M. Tanaka, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, in Vol. 3 of Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (2003), p. 614.

Smith, R. G.

Sugimoto, N.

J. H. Lee, T. Taremura, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, and N. Sugimoto, Opt. Lett. 39, 1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

Tanaka, M.

T. Okuno, M. Tanaka, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, in Vol. 3 of Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (2003), p. 614.

Tanemura, T.

Taremura, T.

J. H. Lee, T. Taremura, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, and N. Sugimoto, Opt. Lett. 39, 1267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Wong, K. K.Y.

K. K.Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yusoff, Z.

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 440 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 440 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1770 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

K. K.Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 33 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

T. Okuno, M. Tanaka, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, in Vol. 3 of Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (2003), p. 614.

P. V. Mamyshev, in Vol. 1 of Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (1998), p. 475.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Nonlinear phase shift per unit length measured as a function of the input pump power. The four types of fiber, (1-m-long Bi-NLF, 15-m-long HF, 150-m-long HNL-DSF, and 1-km-long DSF) were tested at 1550 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured Brillouin gain spectra of the four types of fiber at a pump wavelength of 1550 nm. (b) Measured Brillouin peak gain versus input pump power for the four types of fiber.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Measured Nonlinearity and Brillouin Parameters

Equations (4)

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γ = 2 π n 2 λ A eff ,
F nl - SBS = γ L eff P SBS ,
P SBS = 21 A eff g B L eff .
F nl - SBS = 42 π λ n 2 g B .

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