Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate long-distance remote simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature based on a Raman fiber laser with a single fiber Bragg grating embedded on a quartz plate. A Raman fiber laser output with a high extinction ratio of more than 50dB is achieved by the fiber grating cavity. In the sensing probe, half of the fiber Bragg grating is fixed steadily on the quartz plate to respond to temperature only, while the other half of the grating is free to respond to both temperature and strain. Based on the proposed scheme, lasing wavelength shift and separation occur with temperature and strain change, respectively. Efficient simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature for long-distance sensing applications of more than 50km is readily obtained.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. L. Ho, W. H. Chung, and X. Y. Dong, Electron. Lett. 36, 1018 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. G. Han, S. B. Lee, C. S. Kim, J. U. Kang, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, Opt. Express 11, 476 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Nakajima, Y. Shindo, and T. Yoshikawa, Proc. OFS-16, 530 (2003).
  6. P. C. Peng, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 575 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, Opt. Lett. 30, 1282 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Peng, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 575 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2000 (1)

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. L. Ho, W. H. Chung, and X. Y. Dong, Electron. Lett. 36, 1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Askins, C. G.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bae, J.

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

P. C. Peng, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 575 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chung, W. H.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. L. Ho, W. H. Chung, and X. Y. Dong, Electron. Lett. 36, 1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. L. Ho, W. H. Chung, and X. Y. Dong, Electron. Lett. 36, 1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Friebele, E. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B. O.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. L. Ho, W. H. Chung, and X. Y. Dong, Electron. Lett. 36, 1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. G.

Ho, S. L.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. L. Ho, W. H. Chung, and X. Y. Dong, Electron. Lett. 36, 1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J. M.

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. U.

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. S.

Kim, J.

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

Y. G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, Opt. Lett. 30, 1282 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koo, K. P.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

LeBlank, M.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

Nakajima, Y.

Y. Nakajima, Y. Shindo, and T. Yoshikawa, Proc. OFS-16, 530 (2003).

Paek, U. C.

Patrick, H. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pedrazzani, J. R.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Peng, P. C.

P. C. Peng, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 575 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Putnam, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shindo, Y.

Y. Nakajima, Y. Shindo, and T. Yoshikawa, Proc. OFS-16, 530 (2003).

Tam, H. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. L. Ho, W. H. Chung, and X. Y. Dong, Electron. Lett. 36, 1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tran, T. V. A.

Tseng, H.-Y.

P. C. Peng, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 575 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Williams, G. M.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, T.

Y. Nakajima, Y. Shindo, and T. Yoshikawa, Proc. OFS-16, 530 (2003).

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. L. Ho, W. H. Chung, and X. Y. Dong, Electron. Lett. 36, 1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Peng, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 575 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlank, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. OFS-16 (1)

Y. Nakajima, Y. Shindo, and T. Yoshikawa, Proc. OFS-16, 530 (2003).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of an all-fiber Raman laser based on FBGs for a long-distance remote-sensing system. WDM, wavelength division multiplexing; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectrum of the Raman fiber laser with a high extinction ratio of more than 50 dB .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Output spectra of the Raman laser with the temperature change. (b) Shift of the Raman lasing wavelength as a function of the applied temperature ( 8.75 pm ° C ) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Output spectra of the Raman laser with the strain change, (b) lasing wavelength shift with the applied strain change, and (c) lasing wavelength separation as a function of the applied strain ( 1.47 pm μ ε ) .

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