Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate pulse-shaping experiments in which the individual spectral lines that are present in the output of a mode-locked laser (8.5GHz mode spacing, centered at 1542nm) are resolved. The shaped pulses overlap in time, and this leads to a new way to observe fluctuations of the comb-offset frequency in the time domain.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. T. Cundiff, J. Phys. D 35, R43 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 27, 1436 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Xu, C. Spielmann, A. Poppe, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 21, 2008 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.
  6. T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1608 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (3)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Phys. D 35, R43 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 27, 1436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Abeles, J. H.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Banwell, T.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

Brabec, T.

Cundiff, S. T.

Delfyett, P.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

Delfyett, P. J.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

DePriest, C. M.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Etemad, S.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

Fortier, T. M.

Galli, S.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

Hänsch, T. W.

Jackel, J.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

Jones, D. J.

Krausz, F.

Menendez, R.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

Poppe, A.

Price, C.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

Spielmann, C.

Toliver, P.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

Turpin, T.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Xu, L.

Ye, J.

Yilmaz, T.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Young, J.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Phys. D 35, R43 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FG5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration of pulse shaping with (a) groups of lines and (b) individual lines manipulated.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectral lines without amplitude modulation. (b) Amplitude modulation with every other line blocked. (c) Two spectral lines. (d) Sampling scope traces with phase modulation (0, π 2 , π, and 3 π 2 ) on one spectral line. The traces are the average of 100 measurements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Two relatively stable spectral lines at 8.5 GHz . (b) Sampling scope traces with phase modulation (0 and π) on one spectral line. The traces are scanned 100 times. (c) Two relatively unstable spectral lines at 11.0 GHz . (d) Sampling scope traces with phase modulation (0 and π) on one spectral line. The traces are scanned 100 times.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Intensity cross-correlation traces at 8.5 GHz for multiple spectral lines. (b) Details in an overlapped region. (c) Intensity cross-correlation traces at 11.0 GHz for multiple spectral lines. (d) Details in an overlapped region. Dashed curves, pulses without shaping. Solid and dotted curves, pulses with shaping (two sequential measurement scans).

Equations (4)

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f n = n f rep + ϵ ,
E ( f ) = G ( f ) n δ ( f n f rep ϵ ) ,
e ( t ) = T k g ( t k T ) exp ( i 2 π k ϵ T ) ,
e ( t ) 2 T 2 = g ( t ) 2 + g ( t T ) 2 + 2 g ( t ) g ( t T ) cos [ θ ( t ) θ ( t T ) 2 π ϵ T ] ,

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