Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a new method of generating correlated photons in a microstructure fiber by means of a reversed degenerate four-wave-mixing process. Here one photon is annihilated from each of the bichromatic pump pulses to generate a pair of photons at the mean frequency. For a microstructure fiber as short as 1.5m the measured coincidence counting rate is approximately eight times that of the accidental coincidences with a peak pump power of 0.25W.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weifurter, and A. Zellinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, Nature 419, 450 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. U. Rathe and M. O. Scully, Lett. Math. Phys. 34, 297 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Opt. Commun. 54, 311 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3563 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 26, 367 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L. J. Wang, NEC Res. Dev. 44, 294 (2003).

2003

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L. J. Wang, NEC Res. Dev. 44, 294 (2003).

2002

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 26, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3563 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weifurter, and A. Zellinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

U. Rathe and M. O. Scully, Lett. Math. Phys. 34, 297 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Opt. Commun. 54, 311 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1970

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Aarda, P.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aspelmeyer, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Böhm, H. R.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouwmeester, D.

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weifurter, and A. Zellinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brendel, J.

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3563 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, D. C.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L. J. Wang, NEC Res. Dev. 44, 294 (2003).

Eibl, M.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ekert, A. K.

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J.

A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L. J. Wang, NEC Res. Dev. 44, 294 (2003).

Fiorentino, M.

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 26, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Friberg, S.

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Opt. Commun. 54, 311 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Friberg, S. R.

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3563 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gorman, P. M.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gyatso, T.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halder, M.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. K.

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Opt. Commun. 54, 311 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Jennewein, T.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaltenbaek, R.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 26, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kurtsiefer, C.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lindenthal, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandel, L.

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Opt. Commun. 54, 311 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mattle, K.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Molina-Terriza, G.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oberparleiter, M.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ou, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palma, G. M.

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pan, J. W.

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weifurter, and A. Zellinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rarity, J. G.

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rathe, U.

U. Rathe and M. O. Scully, Lett. Math. Phys. 34, 297 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Resch, K.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scully, M. O.

U. Rathe and M. O. Scully, Lett. Math. Phys. 34, 297 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 26, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P. R.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Taraba, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tittel, W.

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3563 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ursin, R.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voss, P. L.

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Walther, P.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. J.

A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L. J. Wang, NEC Res. Dev. 44, 294 (2003).

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weifurter, H.

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weifurter, and A. Zellinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weinberg, D. L.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Weinfurter, H.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3563 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zellinger, A.

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weifurter, and A. Zellinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X. Y.

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt.

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lett. Math. Phys.

U. Rathe and M. O. Scully, Lett. Math. Phys. 34, 297 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nature

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

NEC Res. Dev.

A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L. J. Wang, NEC Res. Dev. 44, 294 (2003).

Opt. Commun.

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Opt. Commun. 54, 311 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3563 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weifurter, and A. Zellinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic experimental setup: FC, fiber coupler; BS, beam splitter; SMF, single-mode fiber; λ 2 , half-wave plate. Inset, measured, normalized spectra. The dashed curve is for the pulse exiting from MF 1. The solid curve is for the selected signal ( 836.7 nm ) and idler ( 832.8 nm ) pulses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Coincidence rates versus peak pump power P. The filled and open circles are experimentally measured coincidence and accidental rates, respectively. The solid and dashed curves are calculated coincidence and accidental rates, respectively. (b) Measured photon-counting rates (filled and open circles) versus peak pump power P at two photon counters, fitted with the parabolic function N = N d + a 1 P + a 2 P 2 (solid and dashed curves), respectively. (c) Measured Γ C A versus peak pump power P. (d) Measured Γ C A versus wavelength mismatch. The signal pulse is fixed at the wavelength of 836.7 nm with P 1 = 0.5 W ; the idler pulse is tuned at around the wavelength of 832.8 nm (corresponding to 0 in wavelength mismatch). P 2 is kept at 0.06 W . Filled circles, experimental data; dashed curve, Gaussian fit. Each experimental point in (a)–(d) is taken as a 10 min average.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Long time measurement of coincidence rates (the upper dots) and accidentals (the bottom dots); each point is averaged over 1 min at P = 0.25 W .

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N ̇ η γ P z 2 Δ ν τ R ,
ρ = 1 R β ( Γ C A 1 ) ( N ̇ 1 η 1 + N ̇ 2 η 2 ) .
Γ C A = 1 + 1 Δ ν τ 2 γ 2 ( α R + 2 γ 2 P z ) 2 ,

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