Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and common-path phase-shift interferometry (PSI) techniques are integrated in a biosensing imaging system for measuring the two-dimensional spatial phase variation caused by biomolecular interactions on a sensing chip without the need for additional labeling. The common-path PSI technique has the advantage of long-term stability, even when it is subjected to external disturbances. Hence the system meets the requirements of the real-time kinetic studies involved in biomolecular interaction analysis. The proposed SPR–PSI imaging system demonstrates a detection limit of a refractive-index change, a long-term phase stability of for , and a spatial phase resolution of with a lateral resolution of .
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