Abstract

We propose the design of an all-optical 2R regenerator capable of handling multiple wavelength-division-multiplexed channels simultaneously. It extends the known concept of off-center filtering of self-phase-modulation-broadened signal spectra. The novel feature of the proposed device is a dispersion map that strongly suppresses interchannel impairments. The map employs several sections of nonlinear fiber with high normal dispersion, separated by dispersion compensators with spectrally periodic group delay. The results of our numerical simulations indicate the feasibility of such a multichannel regenerator.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. V. Mamyshev, in 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1998), Vol. 1, pp. 475-476.
  2. Y. Su, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, and T.-H. Her, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 350 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Yoshikane, I. Morita, and N. Edagawa, Electron. Lett. 38, 1570 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Matsumoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1472 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Ohara, H. Takara, A. Hirano, K. Mori, and S. Kawanishi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 763 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. F. Grosz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. N. Maywar, and A. P. Küng, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 423 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Wei, X. Liu, C. Xie, and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 28, 983 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. F. Mollenauer, A. Grant, X. Liu, X. Wei, C. Xie, and I. Kang, Opt. Lett. 28, 2043 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, and R. Pafchek, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper PD FA6.
  11. T.-H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 200 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (4)

X. Wei, X. Liu, C. Xie, and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 28, 983 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, A. Grant, X. Liu, X. Wei, C. Xie, and I. Kang, Opt. Lett. 28, 2043 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Su, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, and T.-H. Her, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Ohara, H. Takara, A. Hirano, K. Mori, and S. Kawanishi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. Yoshikane, I. Morita, and N. Edagawa, Electron. Lett. 38, 1570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

Banerjee, S.

Bruce, A. J.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, and R. Pafchek, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper PD FA6.

Cappuzzo, M. A.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, and R. Pafchek, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper PD FA6.

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, and R. Pafchek, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper PD FA6.

Edagawa, N.

N. Yoshikane, I. Morita, and N. Edagawa, Electron. Lett. 38, 1570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R.-J.

Y. Su, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, and T.-H. Her, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, L. T.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grant, A.

Grosz, D. F.

Headley, C.

T.-H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Her, T.-H.

T.-H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Su, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, and T.-H. Her, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, A.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, A. Hirano, K. Mori, and S. Kawanishi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

Kawanishi, S.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, A. Hirano, K. Mori, and S. Kawanishi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Küng, A. P.

Lenz, G.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Madsen, C. K.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P. V.

P. V. Mamyshev, in 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1998), Vol. 1, pp. 475-476.

Matsumoto, M.

Maywar, D. N.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Mori, K.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, A. Hirano, K. Mori, and S. Kawanishi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morita, I.

N. Yoshikane, I. Morita, and N. Edagawa, Electron. Lett. 38, 1570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, T.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, A. Hirano, K. Mori, and S. Kawanishi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pafchek, R.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, and R. Pafchek, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper PD FA6.

Raybon, G.

T.-H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Su, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, and T.-H. Her, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scotti, R. E.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, and R. Pafchek, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper PD FA6.

Su, Y.

Y. Su, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, and T.-H. Her, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, A. Hirano, K. Mori, and S. Kawanishi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X.

Xie, C.

Yoshikane, N.

N. Yoshikane, I. Morita, and N. Edagawa, Electron. Lett. 38, 1570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. Yoshikane, I. Morita, and N. Edagawa, Electron. Lett. 38, 1570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

Y. Su, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre, and T.-H. Her, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Ohara, H. Takara, A. Hirano, K. Mori, and S. Kawanishi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T.-H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

P. V. Mamyshev, in 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1998), Vol. 1, pp. 475-476.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, and R. Pafchek, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper PD FA6.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the proposed multichannel dispersion-managed regenerator. In simulations reported in this study, N = 16 . (b) Group delay of the HNLF (dotted line), PGDD (dashed curve), and a single HNLF PGDD cell (thick solid curve). Thin solid curve, amplitude transfer function of the PGDD (not considered in 10 - Gbit s simulations).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical eye diagrams of the (a) input, (b) output of the single simulated channel, and (c),(d) worst-channel outputs for the five-channel input to the regenerator at 10 Gbits s . The DCM is (c) fiber and (d) PGDD based.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical eye diagrams of the (a) input, as well as of the (b) worst and (c) best channels at the output of the regenerator at 40 Gbits s . A PGDD is used as the DCM.

Equations (3)

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i u ξ + 1 2 [ S av + S ̃ ( ξ ) ] u τ τ + G ( ξ ) u u 2 = 0 .
S av = D av κ ,
S ̃ ( ξ ) = { ( D 1 D av ) κ , 0 < ξ < L 1 L map ( D 2 D av ) κ , L 1 L map < ξ < 1 } .

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