Abstract

We discuss the performance of a multichannel 2×10Gbits polarization-multiplexed differential phase-shift keying transmission system. Through simulations and transmission experiments we find that, despite the constant power envelope of non-return-to-zero phase-shift keying modulation formats, polarization multiplexing strongly reduces the nonlinear tolerance and transmission performance at a 2×10Gbits line rate with multichannel transmission. This results in a 10 dB power penalty when comparing single- and nine-channel transmission. Additionally, multichannel impairments in differential phase-shift keying and on–off keying are compared for 2×10Gbits polarization-multiplexed transmission.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2004 (4)

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Wu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G.-W. Lu, K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, and X. Wei, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. Leibrich, C. Wree, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Achiam, Y.

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.-K.

G.-W. Lu, K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K.

G.-W. Lu, K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-K.

G.-W. Lu, K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cho, P.

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

D. van den Borne, N. E. Hecker-Denschlag, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, in 30th European Conference on Optical Communication (Kistu Photonics Research Center, 2004), paper Mo4.5.5.

Derosier, R. M.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Forghieri, F.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Glingener, C.

N. E. Hecker, E. Gottwald, K. Kotten, C.-J Weiske, A. Schopflin, P. Krummrich, and C. Glingener, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2001), paper Mo.L.3.1.

Gnauck, A.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J.

Gottwald, E.

C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Hecker, E. Gottwald, K. Kotten, C.-J Weiske, A. Schopflin, P. Krummrich, and C. Glingener, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2001), paper Mo.L.3.1.

Greenblatt, A.

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gross, Y.

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harston, G.

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hecker, N. E.

N. E. Hecker, E. Gottwald, K. Kotten, C.-J Weiske, A. Schopflin, P. Krummrich, and C. Glingener, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2001), paper Mo.L.3.1.

Hecker-Denschlag, N.

C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hecker-Denschlag, N. E.

D. van den Borne, N. E. Hecker-Denschlag, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, in 30th European Conference on Optical Communication (Kistu Photonics Research Center, 2004), paper Mo4.5.5.

Heismann, F.

Jopson, R.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, A.

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kerr, C.

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

D. van den Borne, N. E. Hecker-Denschlag, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, in 30th European Conference on Optical Communication (Kistu Photonics Research Center, 2004), paper Mo4.5.5.

Khurgin, J.

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

Kotten, K.

N. E. Hecker, E. Gottwald, K. Kotten, C.-J Weiske, A. Schopflin, P. Krummrich, and C. Glingener, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2001), paper Mo.L.3.1.

Krummrich, P.

C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Hecker, E. Gottwald, K. Kotten, C.-J Weiske, A. Schopflin, P. Krummrich, and C. Glingener, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2001), paper Mo.L.3.1.

Lankl, B.

C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leibrich, J.

C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Leibrich, C. Wree, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Levy-Yurista, G.

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

C. Wu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, and X. Wei, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, G.-W.

G.-W. Lu, K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lucero, A.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Margalit, M.

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, A.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L.

Nelson, L. E.

Rosenkranz, W.

C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Leibrich, C. Wree, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, E.

C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schopflin, A.

N. E. Hecker, E. Gottwald, K. Kotten, C.-J Weiske, A. Schopflin, P. Krummrich, and C. Glingener, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2001), paper Mo.L.3.1.

Sulhoff, J.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van den Borne, D.

D. van den Borne, N. E. Hecker-Denschlag, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, in 30th European Conference on Optical Communication (Kistu Photonics Research Center, 2004), paper Mo4.5.5.

Wei, X.

X. Liu, C. Xu, and X. Wei, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Wu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weiske, C.-J

N. E. Hecker, E. Gottwald, K. Kotten, C.-J Weiske, A. Schopflin, P. Krummrich, and C. Glingener, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2001), paper Mo.L.3.1.

Wolf, C.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wree, C.

C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Leibrich, C. Wree, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

X. Liu, C. Xu, and X. Wei, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J.

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Wu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (6)

G.-W. Lu, K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, and X. Wei, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Wree, N. Hecker-Denschlag, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, J. Leibrich, E. Schmidt, B. Lankl, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Cho, G. Harston, C. Kerr, A. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. Khurgin, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 656 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Chraplyvy, A. Gnauck, R. Tkach, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, A. Lucero, R. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. McCormick, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Leibrich, C. Wree, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

D. van den Borne, N. E. Hecker-Denschlag, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, in 30th European Conference on Optical Communication (Kistu Photonics Research Center, 2004), paper Mo4.5.5.

N. E. Hecker, E. Gottwald, K. Kotten, C.-J Weiske, A. Schopflin, P. Krummrich, and C. Glingener, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2001), paper Mo.L.3.1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Recirculating-loop setup for evaluating 2 × 10 Gbit s POLMUX DPSK transmission: PC, polarization controller.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Sensitivity measurements: (a) Comparison between POLMUX and non-POLMUX DPSK transmission for one, five, and nine channels with 1.5 dBm launch power per WDM channel. (b) Influence of the launch power on single- and nine-channel POLMUX DPSK transmission. (c) Influence of the channel spacing on POLMUX DPSK transmission. BER, bit error rate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated complex-plane diagrams for (a) single-, (b) three-, and (c) nine-channel non-POLMUX DPSK and (d) single-, (e) three-, and (f) nine-channel POLMUX DPSK transmission, with 16 mW of input power per WDM channel.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

EOP versus launch power per WDM channel for (a) DPSK and (b) POLMUX DPSK transmission; (c) channel spacing dependence of POLMUX and POLMUX DPSK transmission for five WDM channels.

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