Abstract

We report gain measurements in Tm3+Yb3+-codoped tellurite glass fibers in the 1460–1530-nm region using a conventional 980-nm pumping scheme. The gain spectrum is dependent on the geometry of the fiber and the length owing to the superfluorescence upconversion pump scheme.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. N. Samson, N. J. Traynor, D. T. Walton, A. J.G. Ellison, J. D. Minelly, J. P. Trentleman, and J. E. Dickson, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper PD6-1.
  2. B. Cole and M. L. Dennis, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ3-1.
  3. T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, Electron. Lett. 29, 110 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Sakamoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ1-2.
  6. F. Roy, P. Baniel, C. Fages, J. J. Girard, A. L. Sauze, and D. Bayart, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ7-2.
  7. F. Roy, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper Th21.
  8. M. Naftaly, S. Shen, and A. Jha, Appl. Opt. 39, 4979 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 4282, 85 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. N. Ng, E. R. Taylor, and J. Nilsson, Electron. Lett. 38, 1246 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 777 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. M. Antipenko, A. A. Mak, O. B. Raba, K. B. Seiranyan, and T. V. Uvarova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 558 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Diening, P. E.A. Mobert, and G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 5900 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 777 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

L. N. Ng, E. R. Taylor, and J. Nilsson, Electron. Lett. 38, 1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 4282, 85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

A. Diening, P. E.A. Mobert, and G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 5900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, Electron. Lett. 29, 110 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

B. M. Antipenko, A. A. Mak, O. B. Raba, K. B. Seiranyan, and T. V. Uvarova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 558 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Antipenko, B. M.

B. M. Antipenko, A. A. Mak, O. B. Raba, K. B. Seiranyan, and T. V. Uvarova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 558 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Baniel, P.

F. Roy, P. Baniel, C. Fages, J. J. Girard, A. L. Sauze, and D. Bayart, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ7-2.

Bayart, D.

F. Roy, P. Baniel, C. Fages, J. J. Girard, A. L. Sauze, and D. Bayart, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ7-2.

Caponi, R.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 777 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cole, B.

B. Cole and M. L. Dennis, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ3-1.

Dennis, M. L.

B. Cole and M. L. Dennis, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ3-1.

Dickson, J. E.

B. N. Samson, N. J. Traynor, D. T. Walton, A. J.G. Ellison, J. D. Minelly, J. P. Trentleman, and J. E. Dickson, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper PD6-1.

Diening, A.

A. Diening, P. E.A. Mobert, and G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 5900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ellison, A. J.G.

B. N. Samson, N. J. Traynor, D. T. Walton, A. J.G. Ellison, J. D. Minelly, J. P. Trentleman, and J. E. Dickson, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper PD6-1.

Fages, C.

F. Roy, P. Baniel, C. Fages, J. J. Girard, A. L. Sauze, and D. Bayart, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ7-2.

Girard, J. J.

F. Roy, P. Baniel, C. Fages, J. J. Girard, A. L. Sauze, and D. Bayart, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ7-2.

Huber, G.

A. Diening, P. E.A. Mobert, and G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 5900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

Komukai, T.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, Electron. Lett. 29, 110 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mak, A. A.

B. M. Antipenko, A. A. Mak, O. B. Raba, K. B. Seiranyan, and T. V. Uvarova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 558 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Minelly, J. D.

B. N. Samson, N. J. Traynor, D. T. Walton, A. J.G. Ellison, J. D. Minelly, J. P. Trentleman, and J. E. Dickson, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper PD6-1.

Miyajima, Y.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, Electron. Lett. 29, 110 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mobert, P. E.A.

A. Diening, P. E.A. Mobert, and G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 5900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Naftaly, M.

Ng, L. N.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 777 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Ng, E. R. Taylor, and J. Nilsson, Electron. Lett. 38, 1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 777 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Ng, E. R. Taylor, and J. Nilsson, Electron. Lett. 38, 1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pagano, A.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 777 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Potenza, M.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 777 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Raba, O. B.

B. M. Antipenko, A. A. Mak, O. B. Raba, K. B. Seiranyan, and T. V. Uvarova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 558 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Roy, F.

F. Roy, P. Baniel, C. Fages, J. J. Girard, A. L. Sauze, and D. Bayart, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ7-2.

F. Roy, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper Th21.

Sakamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ1-2.

Samson, B. N.

B. N. Samson, N. J. Traynor, D. T. Walton, A. J.G. Ellison, J. D. Minelly, J. P. Trentleman, and J. E. Dickson, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper PD6-1.

Sauze, A. L.

F. Roy, P. Baniel, C. Fages, J. J. Girard, A. L. Sauze, and D. Bayart, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ7-2.

Seiranyan, K. B.

B. M. Antipenko, A. A. Mak, O. B. Raba, K. B. Seiranyan, and T. V. Uvarova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 558 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Shen, S.

Sordo, B.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 777 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sugawa, T.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, Electron. Lett. 29, 110 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 4282, 85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, E. R.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 777 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Ng, E. R. Taylor, and J. Nilsson, Electron. Lett. 38, 1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Traynor, N. J.

B. N. Samson, N. J. Traynor, D. T. Walton, A. J.G. Ellison, J. D. Minelly, J. P. Trentleman, and J. E. Dickson, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper PD6-1.

Trentleman, J. P.

B. N. Samson, N. J. Traynor, D. T. Walton, A. J.G. Ellison, J. D. Minelly, J. P. Trentleman, and J. E. Dickson, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper PD6-1.

Uvarova, T. V.

B. M. Antipenko, A. A. Mak, O. B. Raba, K. B. Seiranyan, and T. V. Uvarova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 558 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Walton, D. T.

B. N. Samson, N. J. Traynor, D. T. Walton, A. J.G. Ellison, J. D. Minelly, J. P. Trentleman, and J. E. Dickson, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper PD6-1.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, Electron. Lett. 29, 110 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, Electron. Lett. 29, 110 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Ng, E. R. Taylor, and J. Nilsson, Electron. Lett. 38, 1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1880 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 777 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Diening, P. E.A. Mobert, and G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 5900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 4282, 85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. M. Antipenko, A. A. Mak, O. B. Raba, K. B. Seiranyan, and T. V. Uvarova, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 558 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

B. N. Samson, N. J. Traynor, D. T. Walton, A. J.G. Ellison, J. D. Minelly, J. P. Trentleman, and J. E. Dickson, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper PD6-1.

B. Cole and M. L. Dennis, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ3-1.

T. Sakamoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ1-2.

F. Roy, P. Baniel, C. Fages, J. J. Girard, A. L. Sauze, and D. Bayart, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuQ7-2.

F. Roy, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper Th21.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Gain spectra of Tm 3 + Yb 3 + -doped fibers pumped at 980 nm ( P = 120 mW ) .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Yb 3 + and Tm 3 + ion energy level diagrams and multiple photon upconversion excitation schemes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

IR fluorescence spectra in Tm 3 + Yb 3 + -doped glasses with 980-nm excitation. Inset, 1460-nm fluorescence spectra in Tm 3 + Yb 3 + -doped single-mode fiber and Tm 3 + -doped glass with 980- and 800-nm excitation, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Visible fluorescence spectra in Tm 3 + Yb 3 + -doped multimode (MM) and single-mode (SM) fibers with 980-nm excitation.

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