Abstract

Femtosecond pump pulses are strongly attenuated in lithium niobate owing to two-photon absorption; the relevant nonlinear coefficient βp ranges from 3.5cmGW for λp=388nm to 0.1cmGW for 514nm. In collinear pump–probe experiments the probe transmission at the double pump wavelength 2λp=776nm is controlled by two different processes: A direct absorption process involving pump and probe photons (βr0.9cmGW) leads to a pronounced short-duration transmission dip, whereas the probe absorption by pump-excited charge carriers results in a long-duration plateau. Coherent pump–probe interactions are of no importance. Hot-carrier relaxation occurs on the time scale of 0.1ps.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

D. Berben, K. Buse, S. Wevering, P. Herth, M. Imlau, and Th. Woike, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Othonos, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 1789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. Buse, Appl. Phys. B 64, 391 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

C. T. Chen, D. M. Kim, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 321 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Berben, D.

D. Berben, K. Buse, S. Wevering, P. Herth, M. Imlau, and Th. Woike, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boffi, P.

P. Boffi, D. Piccinin, and M. C. Ubaldi, Infrared Holography for Optical Communications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

D. Berben, K. Buse, S. Wevering, P. Herth, M. Imlau, and Th. Woike, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, Appl. Phys. B 64, 391 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. T.

C. T. Chen, D. M. Kim, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 321 (1979).
[CrossRef]

DeSalvo, R.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dragonmir, A.

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Grunnet-Jepsen, A.

L. Solymar, D. J. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Clarendon, Oxford, 1996).

Günter, P.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Herth, P.

D. Berben, K. Buse, S. Wevering, P. Herth, M. Imlau, and Th. Woike, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Imlau, M.

D. Berben, K. Buse, S. Wevering, P. Herth, M. Imlau, and Th. Woike, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jermann, F.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. M.

C. T. Chen, D. M. Kim, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 321 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

McInerney, J. G.

Nikogosyan, D. N.

A. Dragonmir, J. G. McInerney, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Opt. 41, 4365 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Nikogosyan, Properties of Optical and Laser-Related Materials (Wiley, New York, 1997), p. 98.

Othonos, A.

A. Othonos, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 1789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Otten, J.

Piccinin, D.

P. Boffi, D. Piccinin, and M. C. Ubaldi, Infrared Holography for Optical Communications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, D. W.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Solymar, L.

L. Solymar, D. J. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Clarendon, Oxford, 1996).

Ubaldi, M. C.

P. Boffi, D. Piccinin, and M. C. Ubaldi, Infrared Holography for Optical Communications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

C. T. Chen, D. M. Kim, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 321 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Webb, D. J.

L. Solymar, D. J. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Clarendon, Oxford, 1996).

Wevering, S.

D. Berben, K. Buse, S. Wevering, P. Herth, M. Imlau, and Th. Woike, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Woike, Th.

D. Berben, K. Buse, S. Wevering, P. Herth, M. Imlau, and Th. Woike, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

K. Buse, Appl. Phys. B 64, 391 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. T. Chen, D. M. Kim, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 321 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

D. Berben, K. Buse, S. Wevering, P. Herth, M. Imlau, and Th. Woike, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1034 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Othonos, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 1789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Other (5)

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Nikogosyan, Properties of Optical and Laser-Related Materials (Wiley, New York, 1997), p. 98.

P. Boffi, D. Piccinin, and M. C. Ubaldi, Infrared Holography for Optical Communications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, eds., Holographic Data Storage (Springer, New York, 2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Solymar, D. J. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Clarendon, Oxford, 1996).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependence of normalized transmission coefficient T p on the product β p I p 0 d . The squares, triangles, and crosses correspond to the data obtained for d = 1 , 0.5, and 0.07 mm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of quadratic absorption coefficient β p on pump wavelength λ p .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized transmission coefficient T r for the probe pulse versus time delay Δ t ; first and second symbols in the inset specify the orientation of the polarization vector of the pump and the probe, respectively.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( x + 1 v p t ) I p = β p I p 2 ,
I p 0 I p = β p I p 0 x + exp [ ( t x v p 1 ) 2 t p 2 + r 2 r p 2 ] .
T p = 2 q p π 0 ln [ 1 + q p exp ( ξ 2 ) ] d ξ ,

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