Abstract

It is demonstrated that 2% Yb:CaGdAlO4 (called CAlGO) presents favorable thermomechanical properties with a high measured thermal conductivity (κc=6.3 and κc=6.9Wm1K1). A laser oscillation in this material at 1016nm is demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge while pumping at 979nm. This implies a very small quantum defect (3.5%). A simple new figure of merit that takes into account thermomechanical properties and quantum defects is proposed here to compare the resistance of materials under high-power laser pumping. Consequently, Yb:CAlGO is similar to garnets and sesquioxides in regard to laser power resistance.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2004 (3)

2003 (2)

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chenais, F. Druon, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 78, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

A. Brenier, J. Lumin. 92, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Bourdet, Opt. Commun. 200, 331 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

S. R. Bowman and C. E. Mungan, Appl. Phys. B 71, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Bisson, D. Fournier, M. Poulain, O. Lavigne, and R. Mevrel, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 1993 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Vasylechko, N. Kodama, A. Matkovskii, and Y. Zhydachevskii, J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

N. Kodama and M. Yamaga, Phys. Rev. B 57, 811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

A. A. Lagatskii, N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. F. Kleptsyn, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Ostroumov, and G. Huber, Quantum Electron. 27, 15 (1997).
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N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
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1986 (1)

Balembois, F.

S. Chenais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chenais, F. Druon, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 78, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bisson, J. F.

J. F. Bisson, D. Fournier, M. Poulain, O. Lavigne, and R. Mevrel, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 1993 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bourdet, G. L.

G. L. Bourdet, Opt. Commun. 200, 331 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bowman, S. R.

S. R. Bowman and C. E. Mungan, Appl. Phys. B 71, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, J. Lumin. 92, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

Chenais, S.

S. Chenais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chenais, F. Druon, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 78, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Druon, F.

S. Chenais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chenais, F. Druon, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 78, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ferrand, B.

J. Petit, B. Viana, P. Goldner, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Lett. 29, 833 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chenais, F. Druon, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 78, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fournier, D.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Bisson, D. Fournier, M. Poulain, O. Lavigne, and R. Mevrel, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 1993 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gaumé, R.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

S. Chenais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chenais, F. Druon, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 78, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goldner, P.

Griebner, U.

Huber, G.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Lagatskii, N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. F. Kleptsyn, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Ostroumov, and G. Huber, Quantum Electron. 27, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemet, M.

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chenais, F. Druon, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 78, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kleptsyn, V. F.

A. A. Lagatskii, N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. F. Kleptsyn, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Ostroumov, and G. Huber, Quantum Electron. 27, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, N.

L. Vasylechko, N. Kodama, A. Matkovskii, and Y. Zhydachevskii, J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Kodama and M. Yamaga, Phys. Rev. B 57, 811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).

Krupke, W. F.

Kuleshov, N. V.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Lagatskii, N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. F. Kleptsyn, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Ostroumov, and G. Huber, Quantum Electron. 27, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lagatskii, A. A.

A. A. Lagatskii, N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. F. Kleptsyn, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Ostroumov, and G. Huber, Quantum Electron. 27, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lavigne, O.

J. F. Bisson, D. Fournier, M. Poulain, O. Lavigne, and R. Mevrel, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 1993 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, P.

Lucas-Leclin, G.

S. Chenais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marion, J. E.

Matkovskii, A.

L. Vasylechko, N. Kodama, A. Matkovskii, and Y. Zhydachevskii, J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mevrel, R.

J. F. Bisson, D. Fournier, M. Poulain, O. Lavigne, and R. Mevrel, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 1993 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

A. A. Lagatskii, N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. F. Kleptsyn, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Ostroumov, and G. Huber, Quantum Electron. 27, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mungan, C. E.

S. R. Bowman and C. E. Mungan, Appl. Phys. B 71, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

A. A. Lagatskii, N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. F. Kleptsyn, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Ostroumov, and G. Huber, Quantum Electron. 27, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peterman, K.

Peters, V.

Petit, J.

Petrov, V.

Podlipensky, A. V.

Poulain, M.

J. F. Bisson, D. Fournier, M. Poulain, O. Lavigne, and R. Mevrel, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 1993 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roger, J. P.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitskii, V. G.

A. A. Lagatskii, N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. F. Kleptsyn, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Ostroumov, and G. Huber, Quantum Electron. 27, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shinn, M. D.

Stokowski, S. E.

Vasylechko, L.

L. Vasylechko, N. Kodama, A. Matkovskii, and Y. Zhydachevskii, J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

J. Petit, B. Viana, P. Goldner, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Lett. 29, 833 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

J. Petit, B. Viana, P. Goldner, D. Vivien, P. Loiseau, and B. Ferrand, Opt. Lett. 29, 833 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamaga, M.

N. Kodama and M. Yamaga, Phys. Rev. B 57, 811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhydachevskii, Y.

L. Vasylechko, N. Kodama, A. Matkovskii, and Y. Zhydachevskii, J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

S. R. Bowman and C. E. Mungan, Appl. Phys. B 71, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chenais, F. Druon, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 78, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Chenais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

L. Vasylechko, N. Kodama, A. Matkovskii, and Y. Zhydachevskii, J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

J. F. Bisson, D. Fournier, M. Poulain, O. Lavigne, and R. Mevrel, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 1993 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

A. Brenier, J. Lumin. 92, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. L. Bourdet, Opt. Commun. 200, 331 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

N. Kodama and M. Yamaga, Phys. Rev. B 57, 811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Lagatskii, N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. F. Kleptsyn, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Ostroumov, and G. Huber, Quantum Electron. 27, 15 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Czochralski boule of 2% Yb:CAlGO.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Gain cross section in π and σ polarizations. β corresponds to the population inversion rate [ σ gain = β σ em ( 1 β ) σ abs ] . β = 1 corresponds to the emission cross sections, and β = 0 corresponds to the absorption cross sections.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output power at 1016 nm versus incident pump power in a 2.5 - mm -thick sample of 2 - at. % Yb:CAlGO (without antireflection coating). The output coupler has a high transmission at 1030 1050 nm and 2 % transmission at 1016 nm .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of Thermomechanical Properties in CAlGO and Other Materials

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η = 1 λ pump λ laser ,
Δ T max φ max κ ,
φ max η P max .
P max R T κ η .
R P = R T κ η ,
R T κ α ,
R P κ 2 α η .

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