Abstract

We report an all solid-state polarization-state generator that uses magneto-optic polarization rotators. The device can generate either five or six distinctive polarization states uniformly across a Poincaré sphere with repeatability better than 0.1°. It is ideal for polarization analysis, swept-wavelength measurement, and monitoring of polarization-related parameters and signal-to-noise ratios of optical networks.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. A. Chipman, in Handbook of Optics, 2nd ed., M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995), Vol. II, Chap. 22.
  2. D. H. Goldstein and R. A. Chipman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 693 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. E. Willner, S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, L.-S. Yan, Z. Pan, and M. C. Hauer, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 106 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. M. Craig, S. L. Gilbert, and P. D. Hale, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1285 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Zadok, N. Simon, and A. Eyal, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1533 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Petersson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and B. E. Olsson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 686 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Xiang and A. M. Weiner, in Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), p. WB2.4/67.
  8. B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, Opt. Lett. 29, 2512 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. Urbanczyk, Opt. Acta 33, 53 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. M. Baldwin, J. R. Chung, J. S. Baba, C. H. Spiegelman, M. S. Amoss, and G. L. Cote, in Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), Vol. 2, p. 1027.

2004 (4)

1998 (1)

1990 (1)

D. H. Goldstein and R. A. Chipman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 693 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

W. Urbanczyk, Opt. Acta 33, 53 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Amoss, M. S.

A. M. Baldwin, J. R. Chung, J. S. Baba, C. H. Spiegelman, M. S. Amoss, and G. L. Cote, in Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), Vol. 2, p. 1027.

Baba, J. S.

A. M. Baldwin, J. R. Chung, J. S. Baba, C. H. Spiegelman, M. S. Amoss, and G. L. Cote, in Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), Vol. 2, p. 1027.

Baldwin, A. M.

A. M. Baldwin, J. R. Chung, J. S. Baba, C. H. Spiegelman, M. S. Amoss, and G. L. Cote, in Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), Vol. 2, p. 1027.

Cense, B.

Chipman, R. A.

D. H. Goldstein and R. A. Chipman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 693 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Chipman, in Handbook of Optics, 2nd ed., M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995), Vol. II, Chap. 22.

Chung, J. R.

A. M. Baldwin, J. R. Chung, J. S. Baba, C. H. Spiegelman, M. S. Amoss, and G. L. Cote, in Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), Vol. 2, p. 1027.

Cote, G. L.

A. M. Baldwin, J. R. Chung, J. S. Baba, C. H. Spiegelman, M. S. Amoss, and G. L. Cote, in Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), Vol. 2, p. 1027.

Craig, R. M.

de Boer, J. F.

Eyal, A.

Gilbert, S. L.

Goldstein, D. H.

D. H. Goldstein and R. A. Chipman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 693 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hale, P. D.

Hauer, M. C.

Karlsson, M.

M. Petersson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and B. E. Olsson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 686 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Motaghian Nezam, S. M. R.

Olsson, B. E.

M. Petersson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and B. E. Olsson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 686 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

Park, B. H.

Petersson, M.

M. Petersson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and B. E. Olsson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 686 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, M. C.

Simon, N.

Spiegelman, C. H.

A. M. Baldwin, J. R. Chung, J. S. Baba, C. H. Spiegelman, M. S. Amoss, and G. L. Cote, in Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), Vol. 2, p. 1027.

Sunnerud, H.

M. Petersson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and B. E. Olsson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 686 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Urbanczyk, W.

W. Urbanczyk, Opt. Acta 33, 53 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

W. Xiang and A. M. Weiner, in Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), p. WB2.4/67.

Willner, A. E.

Xiang, W.

W. Xiang and A. M. Weiner, in Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), p. WB2.4/67.

Yan, L.-S.

Zadok, A.

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Petersson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and B. E. Olsson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 686 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

D. H. Goldstein and R. A. Chipman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 693 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (1)

W. Urbanczyk, Opt. Acta 33, 53 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

A. M. Baldwin, J. R. Chung, J. S. Baba, C. H. Spiegelman, M. S. Amoss, and G. L. Cote, in Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), Vol. 2, p. 1027.

W. Xiang and A. M. Weiner, in Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2003), p. WB2.4/67.

R. A. Chipman, in Handbook of Optics, 2nd ed., M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995), Vol. II, Chap. 22.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a five-state PSG. For a six-state PSG, two more MO rotators (5 and 6) are added after rotator 4.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measurement setup for characterization of PSGs: Pol., polarization.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Poincaré sphere illustration of SOPs generated by the PSG measured with an Agilent 8509C polarization analyzer. SOPs generated by (a) a five-state PSG (b) a six-state PSG.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength dependence of the polarization rotation angle of the six-state PSG measured on a Poincaré sphere. The physical rotation angle is one-half that measured on the sphere.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Repeatability measurement of a six-state PSG [100 samples were taken for each of (a)–(c)]. (a) Poincaré sphere illustration of the repeatability when the device was switched between two polarization states. (b) Stokes parameters illustration of repeatability as a function of sample points. (c) Solid angle illustration of repeatability as a function of sample points. All the measurements show the excellent repeatability of the generated SOPs.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Six Typical Combinations of MO Switches and Generated Output Polarization States a

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