Abstract

We report what we believe is the first experimental demonstration of photon echoes in an amplifying rare-earth-ion-doped crystal. Population inversion is achieved by optical pumping, which yields high-power photon echoes, with an energy gain of as much as a factor of 5. Effects of the pump on the photon echo process highlight the advantages of an amplifying crystal. New questions concerning the optical dephasing mechanisms in Er3+:YSO have arisen.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. V. Lavielle, F. De Sèze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, J. Lumin. 107, 75 (2004), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Sjaarda Cornish, W. R. Babbitt, and L. Tsang, Opt. Lett. 25, 1276 (2000), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
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  11. T. Böttger, “Laser frequency stabilization to spectral hole burning frequency references in erbium doped crystals: material and device optimization,” Ph.D. dissertation (Montana State University, Bozeman, Mont., 2002).
  12. R. M. MacFarlane, T. L. Harris, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, and R. W. Equall, Opt. Lett. 22, 871 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  14. H. Sõnajalg and P. Saari, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 372 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (2)

V. Lavielle, F. De Sèze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, J. Lumin. 107, 75 (2004), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

T. Wang, C. Greiner, J. R. Bochinsky, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R757 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Mohan, U. Elman, M. Tian, and S. Kröll, Opt. Lett. 24, 37 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

V. L. da Silva and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 2369 (1993).

1992 (1)

C. Li, C. Wyon, and R. Moncorgé, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1209 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

A. Szabo and J. Heber, Phys. Rev. A 29, 3452 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Babbitt, W. R.

C. Sjaarda Cornish, W. R. Babbitt, and L. Tsang, Opt. Lett. 25, 1276 (2000), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

R. K. Mohan, Z. Cole, R. R. Reibel, T. Chang, K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, M. Colice, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, Microwave Photonics 2004 Tech. Digest, 24 (2004).

Bochinsky, J. R.

T. Wang, C. Greiner, J. R. Bochinsky, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R757 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Böttger, T.

T. Böttger, “Laser frequency stabilization to spectral hole burning frequency references in erbium doped crystals: material and device optimization,” Ph.D. dissertation (Montana State University, Bozeman, Mont., 2002).

Bretenaker, F.

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, T.

R. K. Mohan, Z. Cole, R. R. Reibel, T. Chang, K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, M. Colice, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, Microwave Photonics 2004 Tech. Digest, 24 (2004).

Cole, Z.

R. K. Mohan, Z. Cole, R. R. Reibel, T. Chang, K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, M. Colice, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, Microwave Photonics 2004 Tech. Digest, 24 (2004).

Colice, M.

R. K. Mohan, Z. Cole, R. R. Reibel, T. Chang, K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, M. Colice, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, Microwave Photonics 2004 Tech. Digest, 24 (2004).

Cone, R. L.

Cornish, C. Sjaarda

Crozatier, V.

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450 (2004).
[CrossRef]

da Silva, V. L.

V. L. da Silva and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 2369 (1993).

Elman, U.

Equall, R. W.

Greiner, C.

T. Wang, C. Greiner, J. R. Bochinsky, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R757 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Wang, C. Greiner, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 23, 1736 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, B. S.

Harris, T. L.

Heber, J.

A. Szabo and J. Heber, Phys. Rev. A 29, 3452 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. K.

Kröll, S.

Lavielle, V.

V. Lavielle, F. De Sèze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, J. Lumin. 107, 75 (2004), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Le Gouët, J.-L.

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavielle, F. De Sèze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, J. Lumin. 107, 75 (2004), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

C. Li, C. Wyon, and R. Moncorgé, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1209 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lorgeré, I.

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavielle, F. De Sèze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, J. Lumin. 107, 75 (2004), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

MacFarlane, R. M.

Merkel, K. D.

R. K. Mohan, Z. Cole, R. R. Reibel, T. Chang, K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, M. Colice, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, Microwave Photonics 2004 Tech. Digest, 24 (2004).

Mohan, R. K.

R. K. Mohan, U. Elman, M. Tian, and S. Kröll, Opt. Lett. 24, 37 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Mohan, Z. Cole, R. R. Reibel, T. Chang, K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, M. Colice, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, Microwave Photonics 2004 Tech. Digest, 24 (2004).

Moncorgé, R.

C. Li, C. Wyon, and R. Moncorgé, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1209 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

T. Wang, C. Greiner, J. R. Bochinsky, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R757 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Wang, C. Greiner, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 23, 1736 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reibel, R. R.

R. K. Mohan, Z. Cole, R. R. Reibel, T. Chang, K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, M. Colice, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, Microwave Photonics 2004 Tech. Digest, 24 (2004).

Saari, P.

Schlottau, F.

R. K. Mohan, Z. Cole, R. R. Reibel, T. Chang, K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, M. Colice, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, Microwave Photonics 2004 Tech. Digest, 24 (2004).

Sèze, F. De

V. Lavielle, F. De Sèze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, J. Lumin. 107, 75 (2004), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

V. L. da Silva and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 2369 (1993).

Sõnajalg, H.

Sun, Y.

Szabo, A.

A. Szabo and J. Heber, Phys. Rev. A 29, 3452 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Tian, M.

Tsang, L.

Wagner, K.

R. K. Mohan, Z. Cole, R. R. Reibel, T. Chang, K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, M. Colice, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, Microwave Photonics 2004 Tech. Digest, 24 (2004).

Wang, T.

T. Wang, C. Greiner, J. R. Bochinsky, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R757 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Wang, C. Greiner, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 23, 1736 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wyon, C.

C. Li, C. Wyon, and R. Moncorgé, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1209 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, C. Wyon, and R. Moncorgé, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1209 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

V. Lavielle, F. De Sèze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, J. Lumin. 107, 75 (2004), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

T. Wang, C. Greiner, J. R. Bochinsky, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R757 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Szabo and J. Heber, Phys. Rev. A 29, 3452 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

V. L. da Silva and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 2369 (1993).

Other (2)

T. Böttger, “Laser frequency stabilization to spectral hole burning frequency references in erbium doped crystals: material and device optimization,” Ph.D. dissertation (Montana State University, Bozeman, Mont., 2002).

R. K. Mohan, Z. Cole, R. R. Reibel, T. Chang, K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, M. Colice, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, Microwave Photonics 2004 Tech. Digest, 24 (2004).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Simplified energy-level diagram of Er:YSO: r, pumping rate [ s 1 ] ; Γ, γ, decay rates [ s 1 ] . (b) Experimental setup: AOM1, AOM2, acousto-optic modulators; EDFA, Er-doped fiber amplifier; PD, photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Typical records of the transmitted probe. (b) Y 1 population (filled squares) and echo peak power (open circles) versus pump pulse duration. (c) Typical detected photon echoes. (a), (c) Dashed curves are results without a pump; solid curves, with a pump. (b) Squares and circles, experimental results; solid curves, theoretical results.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Accumulated echo peak power as a function of repetition rate F. Open circles, experimental results without a pump; filled circles, with a pump. Solid curves, theoretical results. Inset, echo peak power (circles) and energy (squares) gains induced by the pump relative to the repetition rate.

Equations (1)

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I M = I 0 exp [ α L ( 2 n Y 1 1 ) ]

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