Abstract

We report the development of a novel zeolite-incorporated optical fiber sensor and demonstrate its capability for in situ detection of chemical vapors. The sensor comprises a polycrystalline silicalite thin film grown upon the cleaved end face of a standard single-mode optical fiber. The sensor device operates by measuring the optical reflectivity of the zeolite crystals, which changes reversibly in response to the amount of chemical vapor adsorbed in its crystalline microporous structure. The sensor has been successfully demonstrated for measuring the concentration of isopropanol vapor in mixtures with nitrogen gas.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  2. A. Wang, H. Xiao, J. Wang, Z. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. G. May, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1495 (2001).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  13. G. Xomeritakis, S. Nair, and M. Tsapatsis, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 38, 61 (2000).
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  14. W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1998), pp. 383–433.

2004 (3)

O. S. Wolfbeis, Anal. Chem. 76, 3269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, J. Dong, T. M. Nenoff, and R. Lee, J. Membr. Sci. 243, 401 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Li, X. Wang, D. Beving, Z. Chen, and Y. Yan, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 4122 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

G. Xomeritakis, S. Nair, and M. Tsapatsis, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 38, 61 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

1997 (1)

C. Striebel, K. Hoffmann, and F. Marlow, Microporous Mater. 9, 43 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

B. Meier, T. Werner, I. Klimant, and O. S. Wolfbeis, Sens. Actuators B 29, 240 (1995).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

B. R. Shaw, K. E. Creasy, C. J. Lanczycki, J. A. Sargeant, and M. Tirhado, J. Electrochem. Soc. 135, 869 (1988).
[Crossref]

Amat, M. A.

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

Bein, T.

J. L. Meinershagen and T. Bein, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 448 (1999).
[Crossref]

Beving, D.

S. Li, X. Wang, D. Beving, Z. Chen, and Y. Yan, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 4122 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonilla, G.

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

Chen, Z.

S. Li, X. Wang, D. Beving, Z. Chen, and Y. Yan, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 4122 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Creasy, K. E.

B. R. Shaw, K. E. Creasy, C. J. Lanczycki, J. A. Sargeant, and M. Tirhado, J. Electrochem. Soc. 135, 869 (1988).
[Crossref]

Diaz, I.

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

Dong, J.

L. Li, J. Dong, T. M. Nenoff, and R. Lee, J. Membr. Sci. 243, 401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, K.

C. Striebel, K. Hoffmann, and F. Marlow, Microporous Mater. 9, 43 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Hoffmann and F. Marlow, in Handbook of Zeolite Science and Technology, S. M. Auerbach, K. A. Carrado, and P. K. Dutta, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2003), pp. 921–949.

Jones, J. R.

Klimant, I.

B. Meier, T. Werner, I. Klimant, and O. S. Wolfbeis, Sens. Actuators B 29, 240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kokkoli, E.

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

Lai, Z. P.

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

Lanczycki, C. J.

B. R. Shaw, K. E. Creasy, C. J. Lanczycki, J. A. Sargeant, and M. Tirhado, J. Electrochem. Soc. 135, 869 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lee, R.

L. Li, J. Dong, T. M. Nenoff, and R. Lee, J. Membr. Sci. 243, 401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

L. Li, J. Dong, T. M. Nenoff, and R. Lee, J. Membr. Sci. 243, 401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

S. Li, X. Wang, D. Beving, Z. Chen, and Y. Yan, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 4122 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marlow, F.

C. Striebel, K. Hoffmann, and F. Marlow, Microporous Mater. 9, 43 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Hoffmann and F. Marlow, in Handbook of Zeolite Science and Technology, S. M. Auerbach, K. A. Carrado, and P. K. Dutta, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2003), pp. 921–949.

May, R. G.

Meier, B.

B. Meier, T. Werner, I. Klimant, and O. S. Wolfbeis, Sens. Actuators B 29, 240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Meinershagen, J. L.

J. L. Meinershagen and T. Bein, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 448 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nair, S.

G. Xomeritakis, S. Nair, and M. Tsapatsis, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 38, 61 (2000).
[Crossref]

Narula, C. K.

Nenoff, T. M.

L. Li, J. Dong, T. M. Nenoff, and R. Lee, J. Membr. Sci. 243, 401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nery, J. G.

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

Poindexter, B. D.

Remillard, J. T.

Sargeant, J. A.

B. R. Shaw, K. E. Creasy, C. J. Lanczycki, J. A. Sargeant, and M. Tirhado, J. Electrochem. Soc. 135, 869 (1988).
[Crossref]

Shaw, B. R.

B. R. Shaw, K. E. Creasy, C. J. Lanczycki, J. A. Sargeant, and M. Tirhado, J. Electrochem. Soc. 135, 869 (1988).
[Crossref]

Sorin, W. V.

W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1998), pp. 383–433.

Striebel, C.

C. Striebel, K. Hoffmann, and F. Marlow, Microporous Mater. 9, 43 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sujaoti, J. K.

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

Terasaki, O.

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

Thompson, R. W.

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

Tirhado, M.

B. R. Shaw, K. E. Creasy, C. J. Lanczycki, J. A. Sargeant, and M. Tirhado, J. Electrochem. Soc. 135, 869 (1988).
[Crossref]

Tsapatsis, M.

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

G. Xomeritakis, S. Nair, and M. Tsapatsis, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 38, 61 (2000).
[Crossref]

Udd, E.

E. Udd, Fiber Optic Sensors: an Introduction for Engineers and Scientists (Wiley, New York, 1991).

Wang, A.

Wang, J.

Wang, X.

S. Li, X. Wang, D. Beving, Z. Chen, and Y. Yan, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 4122 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Weber, W. H.

Werner, T.

B. Meier, T. Werner, I. Klimant, and O. S. Wolfbeis, Sens. Actuators B 29, 240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wolfbeis, O. S.

O. S. Wolfbeis, Anal. Chem. 76, 3269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Meier, T. Werner, I. Klimant, and O. S. Wolfbeis, Sens. Actuators B 29, 240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Xiao, H.

Xomeritakis, G.

G. Xomeritakis, S. Nair, and M. Tsapatsis, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 38, 61 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

S. Li, X. Wang, D. Beving, Z. Chen, and Y. Yan, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 4122 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, W.

Anal. Chem. (1)

O. S. Wolfbeis, Anal. Chem. 76, 3269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

J. L. Meinershagen and T. Bein, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 448 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. Li, X. Wang, D. Beving, Z. Chen, and Y. Yan, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 4122 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

B. R. Shaw, K. E. Creasy, C. J. Lanczycki, J. A. Sargeant, and M. Tirhado, J. Electrochem. Soc. 135, 869 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Membr. Sci. (1)

L. Li, J. Dong, T. M. Nenoff, and R. Lee, J. Membr. Sci. 243, 401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Microporous Mater. (1)

C. Striebel, K. Hoffmann, and F. Marlow, Microporous Mater. 9, 43 (1997).
[Crossref]

Microporous Mesoporous Mater. (1)

G. Xomeritakis, S. Nair, and M. Tsapatsis, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 38, 61 (2000).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

Z. P. Lai, G. Bonilla, I. Diaz, J. G. Nery, J. K. Sujaoti, M. A. Amat, E. Kokkoli, O. Terasaki, R. W. Thompson, and M. Tsapatsis, Science 300, 456 (2003).
[PubMed]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

B. Meier, T. Werner, I. Klimant, and O. S. Wolfbeis, Sens. Actuators B 29, 240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1998), pp. 383–433.

E. Udd, Fiber Optic Sensors: an Introduction for Engineers and Scientists (Wiley, New York, 1991).

K. Hoffmann and F. Marlow, in Handbook of Zeolite Science and Technology, S. M. Auerbach, K. A. Carrado, and P. K. Dutta, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2003), pp. 921–949.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Microscopic images of an optical fiber before and after coating with a silicalite film. (a) End face, (b) cross section, showing the thickness of the zeolite layer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Operation of the zeolite-incorporated fiber-optic chemical sensor.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Sensor’s response to changes in isopropanol concentration in N 2 . Inset, sensor outputs in response to gas switching.

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