Abstract

We describe simultaneous generation of ultralow-noise optical pulses and microwave signal with a mode-locked fiber laser in a coupled optoelectronic oscillator configuration. We demonstrate 9.2-GHz optical and microwave signals with the measured phase noise of 140dBcHz at 10-kHz offset frequency. We show that the mode-locked laser in the photonic oscillator serves as a high-Q filter and is responsible for the observed low phase noise.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. F. Carruthers and I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 21, 1927 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 548 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1150 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. E. Grein, L. A. Jiang, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 27, 957 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Opt. Lett. 27, 872 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 36, 316 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. H. Walden, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 17, 539 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, in IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 139.
  9. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, Opt. Lett. 22, 1867 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Yu, E. Salik, and L. Maleki, in 2002 IEEE/LEOS Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), p. 337.
  13. E. Salik, N. Yu, E. Rubiola, and L. Maleki, IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 779.
  14. D. B. Leeson, Proc. IEEE 54, 329 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), p. 1064.
  16. This decay rate is similar to the MLL retiming constant in M. E. Grein, L. A. Jiang, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 24, 1687 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2002

2000

F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 36, 316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

This decay rate is similar to the MLL retiming constant in M. E. Grein, L. A. Jiang, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 24, 1687 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Walden, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 17, 539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

T. F. Carruthers and I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 21, 1927 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

H. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1966

D. B. Leeson, Proc. IEEE 54, 329 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bakhshi, B.

J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bhushan, A. S.

F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 36, 316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Carruthers, T. F.

Chen, Y.

Coppinger, F.

F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 36, 316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

DePriest, C. M.

Duling, I. N.

Grein, M. E.

Haus, H.

H. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Holman, K. W.

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, in IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 139.

Hudson, D. D.

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, in IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 139.

Ippen, E. P.

Jalali, B.

F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 36, 316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L. A.

Jones, D. J.

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, in IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 139.

Leeson, D. B.

D. B. Leeson, Proc. IEEE 54, 329 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, Opt. Lett. 22, 1867 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Yu, E. Salik, and L. Maleki, in 2002 IEEE/LEOS Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), p. 337.

E. Salik, N. Yu, E. Rubiola, and L. Maleki, IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 779.

Mecozzi, A.

H. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rubiola, E.

E. Salik, N. Yu, E. Rubiola, and L. Maleki, IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 779.

Salik, E.

N. Yu, E. Salik, and L. Maleki, in 2002 IEEE/LEOS Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), p. 337.

E. Salik, N. Yu, E. Rubiola, and L. Maleki, IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 779.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), p. 1064.

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Walden, R. H.

R. H. Walden, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 17, 539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X. S.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, Opt. Lett. 22, 1867 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, in IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 139.

Yilmaz, T.

Yoshida, E.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N.

N. Yu, E. Salik, and L. Maleki, in 2002 IEEE/LEOS Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), p. 337.

E. Salik, N. Yu, E. Rubiola, and L. Maleki, IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 779.

Appl. Phys. B

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 36, 316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

R. H. Walden, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 17, 539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Bakhshi, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

D. B. Leeson, Proc. IEEE 54, 329 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), p. 1064.

N. Yu, E. Salik, and L. Maleki, in 2002 IEEE/LEOS Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), p. 337.

E. Salik, N. Yu, E. Rubiola, and L. Maleki, IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 779.

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, in IEEE UFFC Joint 50th Anniversary Conference Abstracts, Montreal, Canada (2004), p. 139.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the COEO. The dashed box is a MLL functioning as a rf filter in the OEO loop. (b) Illustration of an OEO setup. The thinner lines indicate optical paths and the thicker ones the rf paths.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single-sideband phase noise plots for the measured COEO phase noise (solid curve), measurement noise floor (dotted curve), and the amplifier noise (dashed curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency shifts corresponding to the known applied phase shifts in the oscillator loop. Circle, 8 - ps pulse ( 1 - nm filter); square, 2 - ps pulse ( 3 - nm filter) of the MLL.

Equations (2)

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L ( f ) = [ 1 + ( ν 0 2 Q f ) 2 ] S φ ( f ) 2 ,
Δ ν ν 0 = Δ φ 2 Q ,

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