Abstract

We characterize ultrashort mid-infrared pulses through upconversion by using the stretched pulses obtained from the uncompressed output of a chirped-pulse amplifier. The power spectrum thus translated into the visible region can be readily measured with a standard silicon CCD camera-based spectrometer. The spectral phase is also characterized by a variant of zero-added-phase spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction. This is a general method that provides a multiplex advantage over conventional infrared detector array-based methods.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2004 (4)

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, T. Mancal, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 4221 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 29, 210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 29, 1686 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, and M. Joffre, Opt. Lett. 28, 1826 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (3)

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Golonzka, M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2154 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Zanni, M. C. Asplund, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 4579 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

P. Hamm, M. Lim, W. F. DeGrado, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 1907 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

A. C. Dong and W. S. Caughey, Methods Enzymol. 232, 139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Asplund, M. C.

M. T. Zanni, M. C. Asplund, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 4579 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baum, P.

Belabas, N.

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, T. Mancal, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 4221 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caughey, W. S.

A. C. Dong and W. S. Caughey, Methods Enzymol. 232, 139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, M. L.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

DeGrado, W. F.

P. Hamm, M. Lim, W. F. DeGrado, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 1907 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Demirdoven, N.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Golonzka, M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2154 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, A. C.

A. C. Dong and W. S. Caughey, Methods Enzymol. 232, 139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ferro, A. A.

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, G. R.

T. Brixner, T. Mancal, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 4221 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fraser, J. M.

Golonzka, O.

O. Golonzka, M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2154 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamm, P.

P. Hamm, M. Lim, W. F. DeGrado, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 1907 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Heilweil, E. J.

Hochstrasser, R. M.

M. T. Zanni, M. C. Asplund, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 4579 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Hamm, M. Lim, W. F. DeGrado, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 1907 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hybl, J. D.

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

Joffre, M.

Jonas, D. M.

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Khalil, M.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Golonzka, M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2154 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klocek, P. I.

P. I. Klocek, Handbook of Infrared Optical Materials (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1991).

Lepetit, L.

Lim, M.

P. Hamm, M. Lim, W. F. DeGrado, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 1907 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lochbrunner, S.

Mancal, T.

T. Brixner, T. Mancal, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 4221 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, R. J. D.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ogilvie, J. P.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

Stiopkin, I. V.

T. Brixner, T. Mancal, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 4221 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokmakoff, A.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Golonzka, M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2154 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ventalon, C.

Walmsley, I. A.

Zanni, M. T.

M. T. Zanni, M. C. Asplund, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 4579 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (4)

T. Brixner, T. Mancal, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 4221 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Zanni, M. C. Asplund, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 4579 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Hamm, M. Lim, W. F. DeGrado, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 1907 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Methods Enzymol. (1)

A. C. Dong and W. S. Caughey, Methods Enzymol. 232, 139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Golonzka, M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2154 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

P. I. Klocek, Handbook of Infrared Optical Materials (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1991).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Upconversion and ZAP SPIDER apparatus. Two chirped 800 - nm pulses ( 5 μ J each, 150 ps ) are derived from the zero-order diffraction of the CPA compressor and mixed noncollinearly with the 1 - μ J mid-IR pulses in a 425 - μ m Mg O : Li Nb O 3 crystal. The signals are imaged on the slit (set at 8 μ m ) of a grating spectrometer (GS). Inset, upconversion beam geometry of mid-IR (white) and stretched (black) pulses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of mid-IR pulses after transmission through 5 mM of a solution of HbCO in a D 2 O buffer solution. The frequency axis was shifted to the center of the peak of the absorption feature at 1951 cm 1 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

ZAP SPIDER measurement of the mid-IR pulse. (a) Normalized interferogram and (b) retrieved phase (circles) and normalized amplitude (solid curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

ZAP SPIDER retrieved phase after transmission through 6.3 cm of Ca F 2 (squares) and 6 mm of Ge (circles) with the calculated phase shown for comparison (solid curves). Normalized amplitude shown for reference (dashed curve). The phase of the unshaped pulse (Fig. 3) has been subtracted from the measured results.

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