Abstract

We demonstrate storage of polarization-entangled photons for 125μs, a record storage time to date, in a 25-km-long fiber spool, using a telecommunications-band fiber-based source of entanglement. With this source we also demonstrate distribution of polarization entanglement over 50 km by separating the two photons of an entangled pair and transmitting them individually over separate 25-km fibers. The measured two-photon fringe visibilities were 82% in the storage experiment and 86% in the distribution experiment. Preservation of polarization entanglement over such long-distance transmission demonstrates the viability of all-fiber sources for use in quantum memories and quantum logic gates.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. See, for example, Quantum Inf. Process. 3, 1–380 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. D. Franson, M. M. Donegan, M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, and T. B. Pittman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 137901 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. B. Pittman and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062302 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 64, 062311 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparlieter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. A. Bovino, P. Vrisco, A. M. Colla, G. Gastagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Commun. 227, 343 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. Li, J. Chen, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 12, 3737 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, presented at Frontiers in Optics meeting, Tucson, Ariz., October 5–9, 2003.
  14. D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (4)

X. Li, J. Chen, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 12, 3737 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

See, for example, Quantum Inf. Process. 3, 1–380 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

F. A. Bovino, P. Vrisco, A. M. Colla, G. Gastagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Commun. 227, 343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Goen, and G. K.L. Wong, Opt. Lett. 28, 2225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Franson, M. M. Donegan, M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, and T. B. Pittman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 137901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062302 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 64, 062311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparlieter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bovino, F. A.

F. A. Bovino, P. Vrisco, A. M. Colla, G. Gastagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Commun. 227, 343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

X. Li, J. Chen, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 12, 3737 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, presented at Frontiers in Optics meeting, Tucson, Ariz., October 5–9, 2003.

Colla, A. M.

F. A. Bovino, P. Vrisco, A. M. Colla, G. Gastagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Commun. 227, 343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Riedmatten, H.

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Donegan, M. M.

J. D. Franson, M. M. Donegan, M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, and T. B. Pittman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 137901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Duligall, J.

Fiorentino, M.

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fitch, M. J.

J. D. Franson, M. M. Donegan, M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, and T. B. Pittman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 137901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Franson, J. D.

T. B. Pittman and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062302 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Franson, M. M. Donegan, M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, and T. B. Pittman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 137901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 64, 062311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fulconis, J.

Gastagnoli, G.

F. A. Bovino, P. Vrisco, A. M. Colla, G. Gastagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Commun. 227, 343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giuseppe, G. D.

F. A. Bovino, P. Vrisco, A. M. Colla, G. Gastagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Commun. 227, 343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goen, S.

Harvey, J. D.

Inoue, K.

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, B. C.

J. D. Franson, M. M. Donegan, M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, and T. B. Pittman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 137901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 64, 062311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knill, E.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, J. Chen, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 12, 3737 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, presented at Frontiers in Optics meeting, Tucson, Ariz., October 5–9, 2003.

Kurtsiefer, C.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparlieter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laflamme, R.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Legre, M.

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leonhardt, R.

Li, X.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, J. Chen, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 12, 3737 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, presented at Frontiers in Optics meeting, Tucson, Ariz., October 5–9, 2003.

Marcikec, I.

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Milburn, G. J.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mortimore, D. B.

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Oberparlieter, M.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparlieter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, T. B.

J. D. Franson, M. M. Donegan, M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, and T. B. Pittman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 137901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062302 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 64, 062311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rarity, J. G.

Russell, P. J.

Scarani, V.

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, A. V.

F. A. Bovino, P. Vrisco, A. M. Colla, G. Gastagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Commun. 227, 343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, J. Chen, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 12, 3737 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, presented at Frontiers in Optics meeting, Tucson, Ariz., October 5–9, 2003.

Takesue, H.

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Voss, P.

Voss, P. L.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, presented at Frontiers in Optics meeting, Tucson, Ariz., October 5–9, 2003.

Vrisco, P.

F. A. Bovino, P. Vrisco, A. M. Colla, G. Gastagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Commun. 227, 343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wadsowrth, W. J.

Weinfurter, H.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparlieter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wong, G. K.L.

Zbinden, H.

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. A. Bovino, P. Vrisco, A. M. Colla, G. Gastagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, Opt. Commun. 227, 343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062302 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 64, 062311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparlieter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. D. Franson, M. M. Donegan, M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, and T. B. Pittman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 137901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikec, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Inf. Process. (1)

See, for example, Quantum Inf. Process. 3, 1–380 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, presented at Frontiers in Optics meeting, Tucson, Ariz., October 5–9, 2003.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup; see text for details.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

True coincidence and single-count rates as relative phase ϕ p is varied with PAs set at 45°, –45°. Solid curves, theoretical fits. (a) Only idler photons travel through 25 km of fiber. (b) Both signal and idler photons travel through separate spools of 25-km fiber.

Equations (1)

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R 12 = ( 1 2 ) η 1 η 2 [ cos 2 θ 1 cos 2 θ 2 + sin 2 θ 1 sin 2 θ 2 + 2 cos ( 2 ϕ p ) sin θ 1 cos θ 1 sin θ 2 cos θ 2 ] ,

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