Abstract

Polymer optical fiber (POF) with a highly photosensitive poly(methyl methacrylate-co-methyl vinyl ketone-co-benzyl methacrylate) core is fabricated. Gratings can be fabricated in the core of a POF with a low-cost mercury lamp. The part of the emission spectrum of the mercury lamp in which the cladding material exhibits photosensitivity is effectively filtered by a 1.5-mm-thick Pyrex glass to ensure that a long-period grating is formed only in the core of a POF. A long-period grating with a 3-dB resonant peak at 1568 nm is fabricated with 0.3mWcm2 of UV irradiation over a period of 200 s.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2004

J. M. Yu, X. M. Tao, and H. Y. Tam, Opt. Lett. 29, 156 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Chou, N. H. Sun, and W. F. Liu, Opt. Eng. 43, 342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Mizunami, T. Fukuda, and A. Hayashi, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, P. S. Kumar, P. Radhakrishnan, C. P.G. Vallabhan, and V. P.N. Nampoori, Opt. Commun. 224, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Jager and A. Wilke, J. Biomater. Sci. Polym. Ed. 14, 1283 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 14, 289 (1995).

1991

X. M. Li, W. M. Shen, C. J. Liu, S. Nishimoto, and T. Kagiya, Radiat. Phys. Chem. 38, 377 (1991).

1978

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, (1978).
[CrossRef]

Chaplin, R. A.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 14, 289 (1995).

Chou, C. E.

C. E. Chou, N. H. Sun, and W. F. Liu, Opt. Eng. 43, 342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. L.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 14, 289 (1995).

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

T. Mizunami, T. Fukuda, and A. Hayashi, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, A.

T. Mizunami, T. Fukuda, and A. Hayashi, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, (1978).
[CrossRef]

Jager, M.

M. Jager and A. Wilke, J. Biomater. Sci. Polym. Ed. 14, 1283 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kagiya, T.

X. M. Li, W. M. Shen, C. J. Liu, S. Nishimoto, and T. Kagiya, Radiat. Phys. Chem. 38, 377 (1991).

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P. S.

S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, P. S. Kumar, P. Radhakrishnan, C. P.G. Vallabhan, and V. P.N. Nampoori, Opt. Commun. 224, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R. D.

S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, P. S. Kumar, P. Radhakrishnan, C. P.G. Vallabhan, and V. P.N. Nampoori, Opt. Commun. 224, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. T.

S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, P. S. Kumar, P. Radhakrishnan, C. P.G. Vallabhan, and V. P.N. Nampoori, Opt. Commun. 224, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. M.

X. M. Li, W. M. Shen, C. J. Liu, S. Nishimoto, and T. Kagiya, Radiat. Phys. Chem. 38, 377 (1991).

Liu, C. J.

X. M. Li, W. M. Shen, C. J. Liu, S. Nishimoto, and T. Kagiya, Radiat. Phys. Chem. 38, 377 (1991).

Liu, W. F.

C. E. Chou, N. H. Sun, and W. F. Liu, Opt. Eng. 43, 342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lou, X.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 14, 289 (1995).

Mizunami, T.

T. Mizunami, T. Fukuda, and A. Hayashi, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nampoori, V. P.N.

S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, P. S. Kumar, P. Radhakrishnan, C. P.G. Vallabhan, and V. P.N. Nampoori, Opt. Commun. 224, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nishimoto, S.

X. M. Li, W. M. Shen, C. J. Liu, S. Nishimoto, and T. Kagiya, Radiat. Phys. Chem. 38, 377 (1991).

Peng, G. D.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 14, 289 (1995).

Radhakrishnan, P.

S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, P. S. Kumar, P. Radhakrishnan, C. P.G. Vallabhan, and V. P.N. Nampoori, Opt. Commun. 224, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shen, W. M.

X. M. Li, W. M. Shen, C. J. Liu, S. Nishimoto, and T. Kagiya, Radiat. Phys. Chem. 38, 377 (1991).

Sun, N. H.

C. E. Chou, N. H. Sun, and W. F. Liu, Opt. Eng. 43, 342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

Tao, X. M.

Vallabhan, C. P.G.

S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, P. S. Kumar, P. Radhakrishnan, C. P.G. Vallabhan, and V. P.N. Nampoori, Opt. Commun. 224, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wilke, A.

M. Jager and A. Wilke, J. Biomater. Sci. Polym. Ed. 14, 1283 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Z.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J. M.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomater. Sci. Polym. Ed.

M. Jager and A. Wilke, J. Biomater. Sci. Polym. Ed. 14, 1283 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 14, 289 (1995).

Meas. Sci. Technol.

T. Mizunami, T. Fukuda, and A. Hayashi, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, P. S. Kumar, P. Radhakrishnan, C. P.G. Vallabhan, and V. P.N. Nampoori, Opt. Commun. 224, 237 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

C. E. Chou, N. H. Sun, and W. F. Liu, Opt. Eng. 43, 342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Radiat. Phys. Chem.

X. M. Li, W. M. Shen, C. J. Liu, S. Nishimoto, and T. Kagiya, Radiat. Phys. Chem. 38, 377 (1991).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorbance spectra of P(MMA-co-MVK-co-BzMA) (core material) and PMMA (cladding material).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of Δ n on exposure time to UV light. The power of the high-pressure mercury lamp is 500 W, and the distance between the films and the lamp is 30 cm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of Δ n on UV exposure time when a Pyrex glass is used as the filter. The power of the high-pressure mercury lamp is 500 W, and the distance between the films and the lamp is 30 cm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured transmission spectrum of the Pyrex filter and cladding material. Inset, spectrum of the high-pressure mercury lamp.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup for writing a LPG in photosensitive POF with a high-pressure mercury lamp (HPML).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured transmission spectrum of the LPG fabricated in POF.

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