Abstract

We present a quantitative method for identification of the dynamic range of the detectable absorption coefficient in the analysis of transmission terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopy data. In transmission measurements the largest detectable absorption coefficient is determined by the dynamic range of the THz signals, whereas in reflection measurements the largest detectable absorption coefficient is determined by the scan-to-scan reproducibility of the signal.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1106 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. E. Pedersen and S. R. Keiding, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2518 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Markelz, S. Whitmire, J. Hillebrecht, and R. Birge, Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 3797 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 154 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. P. Wallace, P. F. Taday, A. J. Fitzgerald, R. M. Woodward, J. Cluff, R. J. Pye, and D. D. Arnone, Faraday Discuss. 126, 255 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Wang, B. Ferguson, D. Abbott, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 247 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Watanabe, K. Kawase, T. Ikari, H. Ito, Y. Ishikawa, and H. Minamide, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 800 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Kojima, M. W. Tadeka, and S. Nishizawa, J. Mol. Struct. 651, 285 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Walther, K. Jensby, S. R. Keiding, H. Takahashi, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 25, 911 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3032 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Thrane, R. H. Jacobsen, P. Uhd Jepsen, and S. R. Keiding, Chem. Phys. Lett. 240, 330 (1995).
  12. S. E. Ralph, S. Perkowitz, N. Katzenellenbogen, and D. Grischkowsky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2528 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

V. P. Wallace, P. F. Taday, A. J. Fitzgerald, R. M. Woodward, J. Cluff, R. J. Pye, and D. D. Arnone, Faraday Discuss. 126, 255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

S. Wang, B. Ferguson, D. Abbott, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Watanabe, K. Kawase, T. Ikari, H. Ito, Y. Ishikawa, and H. Minamide, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Kojima, M. W. Tadeka, and S. Nishizawa, J. Mol. Struct. 651, 285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. Markelz, S. Whitmire, J. Hillebrecht, and R. Birge, Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 3797 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3032 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1106 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

L. Thrane, R. H. Jacobsen, P. Uhd Jepsen, and S. R. Keiding, Chem. Phys. Lett. 240, 330 (1995).

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

J. E. Pedersen and S. R. Keiding, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2518 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Abbott, D.

S. Wang, B. Ferguson, D. Abbott, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arnone, D. D.

V. P. Wallace, P. F. Taday, A. J. Fitzgerald, R. M. Woodward, J. Cluff, R. J. Pye, and D. D. Arnone, Faraday Discuss. 126, 255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Birge, R.

A. Markelz, S. Whitmire, J. Hillebrecht, and R. Birge, Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 3797 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bolivar, P. H.

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bosserhoff, A.

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brucherseifer, M.

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Buttner, R.

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cluff, J.

V. P. Wallace, P. F. Taday, A. J. Fitzgerald, R. M. Woodward, J. Cluff, R. J. Pye, and D. D. Arnone, Faraday Discuss. 126, 255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, B.

S. Wang, B. Ferguson, D. Abbott, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fitzgerald, A. J.

V. P. Wallace, P. F. Taday, A. J. Fitzgerald, R. M. Woodward, J. Cluff, R. J. Pye, and D. D. Arnone, Faraday Discuss. 126, 255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3032 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1106 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Ralph, S. Perkowitz, N. Katzenellenbogen, and D. Grischkowsky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2528 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hillebrecht, J.

A. Markelz, S. Whitmire, J. Hillebrecht, and R. Birge, Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 3797 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikari, T.

Y. Watanabe, K. Kawase, T. Ikari, H. Ito, Y. Ishikawa, and H. Minamide, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, Y.

Y. Watanabe, K. Kawase, T. Ikari, H. Ito, Y. Ishikawa, and H. Minamide, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

Y. Watanabe, K. Kawase, T. Ikari, H. Ito, Y. Ishikawa, and H. Minamide, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Walther, K. Jensby, S. R. Keiding, H. Takahashi, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 25, 911 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, R. H.

L. Thrane, R. H. Jacobsen, P. Uhd Jepsen, and S. R. Keiding, Chem. Phys. Lett. 240, 330 (1995).

Jensby, K.

Jeon, T.-I.

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3032 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1106 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jepsen, P. Uhd

L. Thrane, R. H. Jacobsen, P. Uhd Jepsen, and S. R. Keiding, Chem. Phys. Lett. 240, 330 (1995).

Katzenellenbogen, N.

Kawase, K.

Y. Watanabe, K. Kawase, T. Ikari, H. Ito, Y. Ishikawa, and H. Minamide, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S. R.

M. Walther, K. Jensby, S. R. Keiding, H. Takahashi, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 25, 911 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Thrane, R. H. Jacobsen, P. Uhd Jepsen, and S. R. Keiding, Chem. Phys. Lett. 240, 330 (1995).

J. E. Pedersen and S. R. Keiding, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2518 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, S.

S. Kojima, M. W. Tadeka, and S. Nishizawa, J. Mol. Struct. 651, 285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Markelz, A.

A. Markelz, S. Whitmire, J. Hillebrecht, and R. Birge, Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 3797 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minamide, H.

Y. Watanabe, K. Kawase, T. Ikari, H. Ito, Y. Ishikawa, and H. Minamide, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, M.

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, S.

S. Kojima, M. W. Tadeka, and S. Nishizawa, J. Mol. Struct. 651, 285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, J. E.

J. E. Pedersen and S. R. Keiding, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2518 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Perkowitz, S.

Pye, R. J.

V. P. Wallace, P. F. Taday, A. J. Fitzgerald, R. M. Woodward, J. Cluff, R. J. Pye, and D. D. Arnone, Faraday Discuss. 126, 255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ralph, S. E.

Taday, P. F.

V. P. Wallace, P. F. Taday, A. J. Fitzgerald, R. M. Woodward, J. Cluff, R. J. Pye, and D. D. Arnone, Faraday Discuss. 126, 255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tadeka, M. W.

S. Kojima, M. W. Tadeka, and S. Nishizawa, J. Mol. Struct. 651, 285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Thrane, L.

L. Thrane, R. H. Jacobsen, P. Uhd Jepsen, and S. R. Keiding, Chem. Phys. Lett. 240, 330 (1995).

Wallace, V. P.

V. P. Wallace, P. F. Taday, A. J. Fitzgerald, R. M. Woodward, J. Cluff, R. J. Pye, and D. D. Arnone, Faraday Discuss. 126, 255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walther, M.

Wang, S.

S. Wang, B. Ferguson, D. Abbott, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, Y.

Y. Watanabe, K. Kawase, T. Ikari, H. Ito, Y. Ishikawa, and H. Minamide, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Whitmire, S.

A. Markelz, S. Whitmire, J. Hillebrecht, and R. Birge, Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 3797 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woodward, R. M.

V. P. Wallace, P. F. Taday, A. J. Fitzgerald, R. M. Woodward, J. Cluff, R. J. Pye, and D. D. Arnone, Faraday Discuss. 126, 255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

S. Wang, B. Ferguson, D. Abbott, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Watanabe, K. Kawase, T. Ikari, H. Ito, Y. Ishikawa, and H. Minamide, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 800 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3032 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Thrane, R. H. Jacobsen, P. Uhd Jepsen, and S. R. Keiding, Chem. Phys. Lett. 240, 330 (1995).

Faraday Discuss. (1)

V. P. Wallace, P. F. Taday, A. J. Fitzgerald, R. M. Woodward, J. Cluff, R. J. Pye, and D. D. Arnone, Faraday Discuss. 126, 255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. E. Pedersen and S. R. Keiding, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2518 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Biol. Phys. (1)

S. Wang, B. Ferguson, D. Abbott, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Biol. Phys. 29, 247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mol. Struct. (1)

S. Kojima, M. W. Tadeka, and S. Nishizawa, J. Mol. Struct. 651, 285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

A. Markelz, S. Whitmire, J. Hillebrecht, and R. Birge, Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 3797 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1106 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Typical THz pulse, (b) corresponding frequency spectrum, shown here relative to the noise floor. The upper limit of the detectable absorption is shown in (c).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured absorption spectrum of amorphous glucose (solid curve). The dashed curve indicates the DR of the measurement. (b) Apparent absorption spectrum of polylactide recorded on samples with thicknesses of 2.79 and 0.58 mm (solid curves). The dashed curves indicate the DR of each experiment.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Index of refraction and absorption coefficient of polycrystalline CsI, measured by reflection THz-TDS. The strong phonon resonance at 1.84 THz is clearly resolved.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

nv=1+c2πvdϕv,
αv=-2d lnAvnv+124nv.
αmaxd=2 lnDR4nn+12.
rexpiϕ=nˆ-1nˆ+1=n+iκ-1n+iκ+1.
n=1-r21+r2-2rcos ϕ,
α=4πvc2rsin ϕ1+r2-2rcos ϕ.
α4πvc2ϕ1-r2+ϕ2.
αmax4πvc2sϕsr2+sϕ2.

Metrics