Abstract

A theoretical prediction of a new fiber grating structure is presented. This new device is achieved when a high-birefringence fiber is heavily twisted. It behaves like a long-period grating, but its spectral response can be controlled with the input state of polarization of the light. Since there is no permanent index change, but the index change is instead a product of the polarization evolution along the fiber, this device is called a virtual long-period grating.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. M. López-Higuera, Ed., Handbook of Optical Fiber Sensing Technology (Wiley, New York, 2002).
  2. J. Dakin and B. Culshaw, eds., Optical Fiber Sensors:?Applications, Analysis, and Future Trends (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1997).
  3. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bathia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. J. Holmes, R. Kashyap, and R. Wyatt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1353 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. A. Quintela, D. A. González, F. J. Madruga, M. Lómer, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 431 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. J. Russel, M. A. Davis, J. Sirkis, A. D. Kersey, and H. Lara, Proceedings of the 16th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, Japan, 2003), pp. 538–541.
  7. C. Jáuregui, D. A. González, M. A. Quintela, P. Marqués, A. Cobo, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 447 (2004).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2004 (2)

M. A. Quintela, D. A. González, F. J. Madruga, M. Lómer, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 431 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Jáuregui, D. A. González, M. A. Quintela, P. Marqués, A. Cobo, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 447 (2004).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. J. Holmes, R. Kashyap, and R. Wyatt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1353 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bathia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bathia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bathia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[Crossref]

Cobo, A.

C. Jáuregui, D. A. González, M. A. Quintela, P. Marqués, A. Cobo, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 447 (2004).
[Crossref]

Davis, M. A.

J. J. Russel, M. A. Davis, J. Sirkis, A. D. Kersey, and H. Lara, Proceedings of the 16th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, Japan, 2003), pp. 538–541.

Erdogan, T.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bathia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[Crossref]

González, D. A.

M. A. Quintela, D. A. González, F. J. Madruga, M. Lómer, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 431 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Jáuregui, D. A. González, M. A. Quintela, P. Marqués, A. Cobo, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 447 (2004).
[Crossref]

Holmes, M. J.

M. J. Holmes, R. Kashyap, and R. Wyatt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1353 (1999).
[Crossref]

Huang, W. P.

Jáuregui, C.

C. Jáuregui, D. A. González, M. A. Quintela, P. Marqués, A. Cobo, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 447 (2004).
[Crossref]

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bathia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kashyap, R.

M. J. Holmes, R. Kashyap, and R. Wyatt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1353 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kersey, A. D.

J. J. Russel, M. A. Davis, J. Sirkis, A. D. Kersey, and H. Lara, Proceedings of the 16th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, Japan, 2003), pp. 538–541.

Lara, H.

J. J. Russel, M. A. Davis, J. Sirkis, A. D. Kersey, and H. Lara, Proceedings of the 16th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, Japan, 2003), pp. 538–541.

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bathia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[Crossref]

Lómer, M.

M. A. Quintela, D. A. González, F. J. Madruga, M. Lómer, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 431 (2004).
[Crossref]

López-Higuera, J. M.

M. A. Quintela, D. A. González, F. J. Madruga, M. Lómer, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 431 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Jáuregui, D. A. González, M. A. Quintela, P. Marqués, A. Cobo, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 447 (2004).
[Crossref]

Madruga, F. J.

M. A. Quintela, D. A. González, F. J. Madruga, M. Lómer, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 431 (2004).
[Crossref]

Marqués, P.

C. Jáuregui, D. A. González, M. A. Quintela, P. Marqués, A. Cobo, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 447 (2004).
[Crossref]

Quintela, M. A.

C. Jáuregui, D. A. González, M. A. Quintela, P. Marqués, A. Cobo, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 447 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. A. Quintela, D. A. González, F. J. Madruga, M. Lómer, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 431 (2004).
[Crossref]

Russel, J. J.

J. J. Russel, M. A. Davis, J. Sirkis, A. D. Kersey, and H. Lara, Proceedings of the 16th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, Japan, 2003), pp. 538–541.

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bathia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sirkis, J.

J. J. Russel, M. A. Davis, J. Sirkis, A. D. Kersey, and H. Lara, Proceedings of the 16th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, Japan, 2003), pp. 538–541.

Tsao, C.

C. Tsao, Optical Fiber Waveguide Analysis (Oxford U. Press, London, 1992).

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bathia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wyatt, R.

M. J. Holmes, R. Kashyap, and R. Wyatt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1353 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. J. Holmes, R. Kashyap, and R. Wyatt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1353 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bathia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

C. Jáuregui, D. A. González, M. A. Quintela, P. Marqués, A. Cobo, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 447 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. A. Quintela, D. A. González, F. J. Madruga, M. Lómer, and J. M. López-Higuera, Proc. SPIE 5502, 431 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

J. J. Russel, M. A. Davis, J. Sirkis, A. D. Kersey, and H. Lara, Proceedings of the 16th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, Japan, 2003), pp. 538–541.

J. M. López-Higuera, Ed., Handbook of Optical Fiber Sensing Technology (Wiley, New York, 2002).

J. Dakin and B. Culshaw, eds., Optical Fiber Sensors:?Applications, Analysis, and Future Trends (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1997).

C. Tsao, Optical Fiber Waveguide Analysis (Oxford U. Press, London, 1992).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Heavily twisted HiBi fiber that generates the VLPG. (b) SoP evolution with respect to a static reference system. (c) SoP evolution as seen from a reference system attached to the eigenaxis of the fiber. (d) SoP-dependent effective-index change seen by the propagating light.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of a 1330-turn/m VLPG for three different input polarizations: 1,0.6j (solid curve), 1,-0.5j (dotted curve), 1,-0.25j (dashed–dotted curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmissivity change of a VLPG for different initial SoPs. The transmissivity of the middle point of the spectrum (solid curve) and the secondary lobes (dotted curve) are plotted. The SoPs at which the VLPG vanishes are marked.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Central wavelength shift for different initial circular SoPs.

Equations (3)

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T=P-Q*QP*,
P=cos λT-jδl2sin λTλT,  Q=τz+δc2sin λTλTz.
Av=±jτz+δc/2λT±δl/2Bv.

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