Abstract

The multimode and depolarized output beam of a highly multimode diode-pumped Yb-doped fiber amplifier is converted to a diffraction-limited, linearly polarized beam by a self-referencing two-wave-mixing process in an infrared-sensitive photorefractive crystal (Rh:BaTiO3). As much as 11.6 W of single-mode output is achieved with a 78% multimode-to-single-mode photorefractive conversion efficiency.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, O. Shkurihin, and I. Zaitsev, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadlined paper CThPDB9.
  3. D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. Di-Teodoro, J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 27, 518 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Liem, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 28, 1537 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, and E. Lallier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 789 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. E. T. Chiou and P. Yeh, Opt. Lett. 10, 621 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. L. Mager, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, M. H. Garrett, and G. Roosen, Nonlinear Opt. 11, 135 (1995).
  10. J. E. Heebner, R. S. Bennink, R. W. Boyd, and R. A. Fisher, Opt. Lett. 25, 257 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, and I. Mnushkina, Appl. Opt. 36, 7788 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  12. From the Institute for Physical High Technology, Jena, Germany.
  13. From D. Rytz, Forschungsinstitut für Mineralische und Metallische Werkstoffe—Edelsteine/Edelmetalle GmbH, Germany. Rh doping concentration is 1000 parts in 106 in the melt.
  14. N. Huot, J. M. Jonathan, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 140, 296 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  15. L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, P. Delaye, C. Denz, L. Mager, and G. Montemezzani, eds., Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 547–550.
  16. R. S. Cudney and M. Kaczmarek, Opt. Express 7, 323 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. P. Mathey, S. Latour, P. Lompré, P. Jullien, D. Rytz, and B. Salce, Appl. Phys. B 71, 523 (2000).
    [Crossref]

2003 (2)

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Liem, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 28, 1537 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, and E. Lallier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 789 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

1999 (1)

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (3)

D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, and I. Mnushkina, Appl. Opt. 36, 7788 (1997).
[Crossref]

N. Huot, J. M. Jonathan, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 140, 296 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

L. Mager, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, M. H. Garrett, and G. Roosen, Nonlinear Opt. 11, 135 (1995).

1985 (1)

Bennink, R. S.

Bicknese, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

Brignon, A.

A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, and E. Lallier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 789 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, and I. Mnushkina, Appl. Opt. 36, 7788 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, P. Delaye, C. Denz, L. Mager, and G. Montemezzani, eds., Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 547–550.

Britton, P.

D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chiou, A. E. T.

Cudney, R. S.

Di-Teodoro, F.

Dohle, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dominic, V.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fisher, R. A.

Gapontsev, V. P.

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, O. Shkurihin, and I. Zaitsev, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadlined paper CThPDB9.

Garrett, M. H.

A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, and I. Mnushkina, Appl. Opt. 36, 7788 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. Mager, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, M. H. Garrett, and G. Roosen, Nonlinear Opt. 11, 135 (1995).

Georges, P.

L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, P. Delaye, C. Denz, L. Mager, and G. Montemezzani, eds., Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 547–550.

Heebner, J. E.

Huignard, J. P.

A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, and E. Lallier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 789 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, and I. Mnushkina, Appl. Opt. 36, 7788 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, P. Delaye, C. Denz, L. Mager, and G. Montemezzani, eds., Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 547–550.

Huot, N.

N. Huot, J. M. Jonathan, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 140, 296 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jonathan, J. M.

N. Huot, J. M. Jonathan, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 140, 296 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jullien, P.

P. Mathey, S. Latour, P. Lompré, P. Jullien, D. Rytz, and B. Salce, Appl. Phys. B 71, 523 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kaczmarek, M.

Kliner, D. A. V.

Koplow, J. P.

Lallier, E.

A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, and E. Lallier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 789 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, P. Delaye, C. Denz, L. Mager, and G. Montemezzani, eds., Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 547–550.

Latour, S.

P. Mathey, S. Latour, P. Lompré, P. Jullien, D. Rytz, and B. Salce, Appl. Phys. B 71, 523 (2000).
[Crossref]

Liem, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Liem, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 28, 1537 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Limpert, J.

A. Liem, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 28, 1537 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lombard, L.

L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, P. Delaye, C. Denz, L. Mager, and G. Montemezzani, eds., Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 547–550.

Lompré, P.

P. Mathey, S. Latour, P. Lompré, P. Jullien, D. Rytz, and B. Salce, Appl. Phys. B 71, 523 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lucas-Leclin, G.

L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, P. Delaye, C. Denz, L. Mager, and G. Montemezzani, eds., Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 547–550.

MacCormack, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mager, L.

L. Mager, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, M. H. Garrett, and G. Roosen, Nonlinear Opt. 11, 135 (1995).

Mathey, P.

P. Mathey, S. Latour, P. Lompré, P. Jullien, D. Rytz, and B. Salce, Appl. Phys. B 71, 523 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mnushkina, I.

Moore, S. W.

Pauliat, G.

L. Mager, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, M. H. Garrett, and G. Roosen, Nonlinear Opt. 11, 135 (1995).

L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, P. Delaye, C. Denz, L. Mager, and G. Montemezzani, eds., Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 547–550.

Platonov, N. S.

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, O. Shkurihin, and I. Zaitsev, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadlined paper CThPDB9.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
[Crossref]

Roosen, G.

N. Huot, J. M. Jonathan, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 140, 296 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. Mager, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, M. H. Garrett, and G. Roosen, Nonlinear Opt. 11, 135 (1995).

L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, P. Delaye, C. Denz, L. Mager, and G. Montemezzani, eds., Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 547–550.

Rytz, D.

P. Mathey, S. Latour, P. Lompré, P. Jullien, D. Rytz, and B. Salce, Appl. Phys. B 71, 523 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Huot, J. M. Jonathan, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 140, 296 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. Mager, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, M. H. Garrett, and G. Roosen, Nonlinear Opt. 11, 135 (1995).

Salce, B.

P. Mathey, S. Latour, P. Lompré, P. Jullien, D. Rytz, and B. Salce, Appl. Phys. B 71, 523 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sanders, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shkurihin, O.

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, O. Shkurihin, and I. Zaitsev, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadlined paper CThPDB9.

Taverner, D.

D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Liem, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 28, 1537 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waarts, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wolak, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yeh, P.

Yeh, P. S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zaitsev, I.

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, O. Shkurihin, and I. Zaitsev, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadlined paper CThPDB9.

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Liem, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 28, 1537 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zucker, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

P. Mathey, S. Latour, P. Lompré, P. Jullien, D. Rytz, and B. Salce, Appl. Phys. B 71, 523 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, and E. Lallier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 789 (2001).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nonlinear Opt. (1)

L. Mager, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, M. H. Garrett, and G. Roosen, Nonlinear Opt. 11, 135 (1995).

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Huot, J. M. Jonathan, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Commun. 140, 296 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (4)

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, O. Shkurihin, and I. Zaitsev, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadlined paper CThPDB9.

From the Institute for Physical High Technology, Jena, Germany.

From D. Rytz, Forschungsinstitut für Mineralische und Metallische Werkstoffe—Edelsteine/Edelmetalle GmbH, Germany. Rh doping concentration is 1000 parts in 106 in the melt.

L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, in Photorefractive Effects, Materials, and Devices, P. Delaye, C. Denz, L. Mager, and G. Montemezzani, eds., Vol. 87 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 547–550.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of an Yb-doped multimode fiber amplifier with a spatial beam converter. The amplified depolarized multimode signal beam S is split into its two linear polarizations, combined with an extracted single-mode beam R in a Rh:BaTiO3 crystal, and converted to single mode. DM, dichroic mirror to separate 940- and 1064-nm beams; L1, L2, L3, lenses; M1, M2, M3, mirrors; λ/2, half-wave plate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; M, spot mirror of the size of one speckle grain of S; FS, spatial filtering device. Signal and amplified reference spot shapes are shown in squares. An arrow in the crystal indicated the c-axis orientation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power evolution of R after the crystal (a) with S1 on, (b) with S2 on, and (c) with both S1 and S2 on. The rise time (from 10% to 90% of the full power) is 23 s. The base level is the 110-mW R.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measure of the M2 parameter for the different beams. Symbols represent the experimental points, and the solid curves are the corresponding fitted curves.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Beam profiles: (a) signal S1 at the fiber output, (b) extracted single-mode 110-mW reference beam R, (c) single-mode 11.6-W amplified R.

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