Abstract

Optimized design of the optical filters inside integrated color pixels (ICPs) for complementary metal-oxide semiconductor image sensors requires analytical models. ICP optical filters consist of subwavelength patterned metal layers. We show that a one-mode model, in which subwavelength gaps in the metal layer are described in terms of single-mode waveguides, suffices to predict the salient features of measured ICP wavelength selectivity. The Airy-like transmittance formula, derived for transverse-electric polarization, predicts an angle-independent cutoff wavelength, which is in good agreement with predictions made with a two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. B. Catrysse, B. A. Wandell, and A. El Gamal, in 2001 International Electron Devices Meeting—Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 559–562.
  2. P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 2293 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. E. Bayer, “Color imaging array,” U.S. patent3,971,065 (July20, 1976).
  4. H. Nabeyama, IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. CE-27, 40 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1610 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Li, P. Ogunbona, S. Yu, and I. Kharitonenko, in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), pp. 3576–3579.
  7. A. J. Blanksby and M. J. Loinaz, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 47, 55 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. B. Catrysse, X. Liu, and A. El Gamal, Proc. SPIE 3965, 420 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. A. Wandell, Foundations of Vision (Sinauer, Sunderland, Mass., 1995), pp. 69–105.
  10. P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, S. Astilean, M. Palamaru, and K. D. Möller, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 48 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th (corrected) ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), pp. 38–41.
  12. R. Petit, Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings, Vol. 22 of Springer Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1980).
  13. OptiFDTD 2.0, Optiwave Corporation, Ottawa, Canada, 2001.

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (3)

A. J. Blanksby and M. J. Loinaz, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 47, 55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Catrysse, X. Liu, and A. El Gamal, Proc. SPIE 3965, 420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, S. Astilean, M. Palamaru, and K. D. Möller, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

H. Nabeyama, IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. CE-27, 40 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Astilean, S.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, S. Astilean, M. Palamaru, and K. D. Möller, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bayer, B. E.

B. E. Bayer, “Color imaging array,” U.S. patent3,971,065 (July20, 1976).

Blanksby, A. J.

A. J. Blanksby and M. J. Loinaz, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 47, 55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th (corrected) ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), pp. 38–41.

Catrysse, P. B.

P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 2293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Catrysse, X. Liu, and A. El Gamal, Proc. SPIE 3965, 420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Catrysse, B. A. Wandell, and A. El Gamal, in 2001 International Electron Devices Meeting—Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 559–562.

El Gamal, A.

P. B. Catrysse, X. Liu, and A. El Gamal, Proc. SPIE 3965, 420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Catrysse, B. A. Wandell, and A. El Gamal, in 2001 International Electron Devices Meeting—Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 559–562.

Hugonin, J. P.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, S. Astilean, M. Palamaru, and K. D. Möller, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kharitonenko, I.

W. Li, P. Ogunbona, S. Yu, and I. Kharitonenko, in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), pp. 3576–3579.

Lalanne, P.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, S. Astilean, M. Palamaru, and K. D. Möller, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

W. Li, P. Ogunbona, S. Yu, and I. Kharitonenko, in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), pp. 3576–3579.

Liu, X.

P. B. Catrysse, X. Liu, and A. El Gamal, Proc. SPIE 3965, 420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Loinaz, M. J.

A. J. Blanksby and M. J. Loinaz, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 47, 55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Möller, K. D.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, S. Astilean, M. Palamaru, and K. D. Möller, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nabeyama, H.

H. Nabeyama, IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. CE-27, 40 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ogunbona, P.

W. Li, P. Ogunbona, S. Yu, and I. Kharitonenko, in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), pp. 3576–3579.

Palamaru, M.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, S. Astilean, M. Palamaru, and K. D. Möller, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Petit, R.

R. Petit, Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings, Vol. 22 of Springer Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1980).

Wandell, B. A.

P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 2293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1610 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Catrysse, B. A. Wandell, and A. El Gamal, in 2001 International Electron Devices Meeting—Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 559–562.

B. A. Wandell, Foundations of Vision (Sinauer, Sunderland, Mass., 1995), pp. 69–105.

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th (corrected) ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), pp. 38–41.

Yu, S.

W. Li, P. Ogunbona, S. Yu, and I. Kharitonenko, in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), pp. 3576–3579.

IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. (1)

H. Nabeyama, IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. CE-27, 40 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. (1)

A. J. Blanksby and M. J. Loinaz, IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 47, 55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, S. Astilean, M. Palamaru, and K. D. Möller, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

P. B. Catrysse, X. Liu, and A. El Gamal, Proc. SPIE 3965, 420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

B. A. Wandell, Foundations of Vision (Sinauer, Sunderland, Mass., 1995), pp. 69–105.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th (corrected) ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), pp. 38–41.

R. Petit, Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings, Vol. 22 of Springer Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1980).

OptiFDTD 2.0, Optiwave Corporation, Ottawa, Canada, 2001.

P. B. Catrysse, B. A. Wandell, and A. El Gamal, in 2001 International Electron Devices Meeting—Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 559–562.

B. E. Bayer, “Color imaging array,” U.S. patent3,971,065 (July20, 1976).

W. Li, P. Ogunbona, S. Yu, and I. Kharitonenko, in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), pp. 3576–3579.

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