Abstract

A waveguide laser with a neodymium-doped silica core is fabricated on a silicon substrate by a combination of flame hydrolysis deposition, solution doping, and direct UV writing. The neodymium-ion concentration is estimated to be 8000 parts in 106. The propagation loss around 1.05 µm is <0.8 dB/cm. Lasing in the range 1048–1056 nm and 1356±1 nm is observed. A slope efficiency of 33% for a high-reflectivity output coupler and a threshold of 4 mW of absorbed power for a 25% output coupler are measured for the F43/2I411/2 transition.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2002 (1)

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Svalgaard and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 33, 861 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

B. Wu and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Malone, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Electron. Lett. 29, 691 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 882 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Kawachi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, and A. Sugita, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. B. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, and S. T. Davey, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Ainslie, J. B.

J. B. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, and S. T. Davey, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Alcock, I. P.

Bhutta, T.

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. L.

B. Wu and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Craig, S. P.

J. B. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, and S. T. Davey, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Davey, S. T.

J. B. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, and S. T. Davey, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

Ferraris, M.

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fu, A.

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gawith, C. B. E.

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hanawa, F.

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, and A. Sugita, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Hattori, K.

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 882 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hayden, J. S.

K. J. Malone, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Electron. Lett. 29, 691 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, Y.

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, and A. Sugita, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hua, P.

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, M.

M. Kawachi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, T.

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 882 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, and A. Sugita, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 882 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, M.

M. Svalgaard and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 33, 861 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lane, J.

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Malone, K. J.

K. J. Malone, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Electron. Lett. 29, 691 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Milanese, D.

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miniscalco, J. W.

J. W. Miniscalco, in Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001), p. 53.

Mwarania, E. K.

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, Y.

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 882 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sanford, N. A.

K. J. Malone, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Electron. Lett. 29, 691 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, and A. Sugita, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. G. R.

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, and A. Sugita, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Svalgaard, M.

M. Svalgaard and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 33, 861 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, E. R.

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

Wang, J.

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J. S.

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

B. Wu and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. B. E. Gawith, A. Fu, T. Bhutta, P. Hua, D. P. Shepherd, E. R. Taylor, P. G. R. Smith, D. Milanese, and M. Ferraris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. J. Malone, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Electron. Lett. 29, 691 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Svalgaard and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 33, 861 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

B. Wu and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 882 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hibino, T. Kitagawa, M. Shimizu, F. Hanawa, and A. Sugita, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, and S. T. Davey, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Kawachi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. W. Miniscalco, in Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001), p. 53.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the setup used to directly UV write waveguides into neodymium-doped silica.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Output power versus absorbed pump power for a 10-mm-long sample with a 25% output coupler. (b) Spatial mode profile of the output from the waveguide.

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