Abstract

Actively mode-locked lasers with noise are studied employing statistical mechanics. A mapping of the system to the spherical model (related to the Ising model) of ferromagnets in one dimension that has an exact solution is established. It gives basic features, such as analytical expressions for the correlation function between modes, and the widths and shapes of the pulses [different from the Kuizenga–Siegman expression; IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 803 (1970)] and reveals the susceptibility to noise of mode ordering compared with passive mode locking.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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