Abstract

We present a holographic lens with novel features recorded in an azopolymer film. Two holographic modulations, bulk birefringence and surface relief, are induced in the medium at the same time. The resultant holographic element has two focal planes, and the polarization of light in the focal points depends on the polarization of the incident light. Applications of this device for writing–reading information in two planes simultaneously or separately are described.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Nikolova and T. Todorov, Opt. Acta 31, 579 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, P. Sharlandjiev, and S. Stoyanov, Appl. Opt. 31, 6698 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. T. Todorov and L. Nikolova, Opt. Lett. 17, 358 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. T. Ikeda and O. Tsutsumi, Science 268, 1873 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. H. Wang, Y. Huang, Z. Liu, F. Zhao, W. Lin, J. Wang, and Z. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3394 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. B. Fleck, D. Jahn, and L. Wenke, Opt. Commun. 154, 339 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Huang and K. H. Wagner, Appl. Opt. 33, 7634 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, and S. Hvilsted, Opt. Lett. 21, 902 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Nathanson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. Y. Kim, S. K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  12. T. G. Pedersen, P. M. Johansen, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, and S. Hvilsted, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 89 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  13. I. Naydenova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, and S. Hvilsted, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1257 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  14. I. Mancheva, E. Nacheva, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, T. Todorov, and L. Nikolova, Proc. SPIE 5226, 199 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  15. I. Mancheva, G. Martinez-Ponce, S. Calixto, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, and L. Nikolova, “Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in azobenzene-containing polymers,” Proc. SPIE (to be published).

2003 (2)

H. Wang, Y. Huang, Z. Liu, F. Zhao, W. Lin, J. Wang, and Z. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3394 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Mancheva, E. Nacheva, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, T. Todorov, and L. Nikolova, Proc. SPIE 5226, 199 (2003).
[Crossref]

1998 (4)

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. G. Pedersen, P. M. Johansen, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, and S. Hvilsted, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 89 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. Fleck, D. Jahn, and L. Wenke, Opt. Commun. 154, 339 (1998).
[Crossref]

I. Naydenova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, and S. Hvilsted, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1257 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1995 (3)

T. Ikeda and O. Tsutsumi, Science 268, 1873 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Nathanson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Kim, S. K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1992 (2)

1984 (1)

L. Nikolova and T. Todorov, Opt. Acta 31, 579 (1984).
[Crossref]

Batalla, E.

P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Nathanson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136 (1995).
[Crossref]

Calixto, S.

I. Mancheva, G. Martinez-Ponce, S. Calixto, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, and L. Nikolova, “Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in azobenzene-containing polymers,” Proc. SPIE (to be published).

Dragostinova, V.

I. Mancheva, E. Nacheva, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, T. Todorov, and L. Nikolova, Proc. SPIE 5226, 199 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Mancheva, G. Martinez-Ponce, S. Calixto, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, and L. Nikolova, “Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in azobenzene-containing polymers,” Proc. SPIE (to be published).

Fleck, B.

B. Fleck, D. Jahn, and L. Wenke, Opt. Commun. 154, 339 (1998).
[Crossref]

Holme, N. C. R.

Huang, T.

Huang, Y.

H. Wang, Y. Huang, Z. Liu, F. Zhao, W. Lin, J. Wang, and Z. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3394 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hvilsted, S.

Ikeda, T.

T. Ikeda and O. Tsutsumi, Science 268, 1873 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jahn, D.

B. Fleck, D. Jahn, and L. Wenke, Opt. Commun. 154, 339 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X. L.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[Crossref]

Johansen, P. M.

T. G. Pedersen, P. M. Johansen, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, and S. Hvilsted, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 89 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. Y.

D. Y. Kim, S. K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.-Y.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kumar, J.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Kim, S. K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lee, T. S.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Kim, S. K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166 (1995).
[Crossref]

Liang, Z.

H. Wang, Y. Huang, Z. Liu, F. Zhao, W. Lin, J. Wang, and Z. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3394 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lin, W.

H. Wang, Y. Huang, Z. Liu, F. Zhao, W. Lin, J. Wang, and Z. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3394 (2003).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

H. Wang, Y. Huang, Z. Liu, F. Zhao, W. Lin, J. Wang, and Z. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3394 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mancheva, I.

I. Mancheva, E. Nacheva, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, T. Todorov, and L. Nikolova, Proc. SPIE 5226, 199 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Mancheva, G. Martinez-Ponce, S. Calixto, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, and L. Nikolova, “Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in azobenzene-containing polymers,” Proc. SPIE (to be published).

Martinez-Ponce, G.

I. Mancheva, G. Martinez-Ponce, S. Calixto, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, and L. Nikolova, “Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in azobenzene-containing polymers,” Proc. SPIE (to be published).

Nacheva, E.

I. Mancheva, E. Nacheva, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, T. Todorov, and L. Nikolova, Proc. SPIE 5226, 199 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nathanson, A.

P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Nathanson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136 (1995).
[Crossref]

Naydenova, I.

Nikolova, L.

I. Mancheva, E. Nacheva, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, T. Todorov, and L. Nikolova, Proc. SPIE 5226, 199 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Naydenova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, and S. Hvilsted, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1257 (1998).
[Crossref]

L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, P. Sharlandjiev, and S. Stoyanov, Appl. Opt. 31, 6698 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Todorov and L. Nikolova, Opt. Lett. 17, 358 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Nikolova and T. Todorov, Opt. Acta 31, 579 (1984).
[Crossref]

I. Mancheva, G. Martinez-Ponce, S. Calixto, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, and L. Nikolova, “Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in azobenzene-containing polymers,” Proc. SPIE (to be published).

Pedersen, T. G.

T. G. Pedersen, P. M. Johansen, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, and S. Hvilsted, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 89 (1998).
[Crossref]

Petrova, T.

I. Mancheva, E. Nacheva, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, T. Todorov, and L. Nikolova, Proc. SPIE 5226, 199 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Mancheva, G. Martinez-Ponce, S. Calixto, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, and L. Nikolova, “Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in azobenzene-containing polymers,” Proc. SPIE (to be published).

Ramanujam, P. S.

Rochon, P.

P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Nathanson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136 (1995).
[Crossref]

Sharlandjiev, P.

Stoyanov, S.

Todorov, T.

Tomova, N.

I. Mancheva, E. Nacheva, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, T. Todorov, and L. Nikolova, Proc. SPIE 5226, 199 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Mancheva, G. Martinez-Ponce, S. Calixto, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, and L. Nikolova, “Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in azobenzene-containing polymers,” Proc. SPIE (to be published).

Tripathy, S.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tripathy, S. K.

D. Y. Kim, S. K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tsutsumi, O.

T. Ikeda and O. Tsutsumi, Science 268, 1873 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wagner, K. H.

Wang, H.

H. Wang, Y. Huang, Z. Liu, F. Zhao, W. Lin, J. Wang, and Z. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3394 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

H. Wang, Y. Huang, Z. Liu, F. Zhao, W. Lin, J. Wang, and Z. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3394 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wenke, L.

B. Fleck, D. Jahn, and L. Wenke, Opt. Commun. 154, 339 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zhao, F.

H. Wang, Y. Huang, Z. Liu, F. Zhao, W. Lin, J. Wang, and Z. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3394 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

H. Wang, Y. Huang, Z. Liu, F. Zhao, W. Lin, J. Wang, and Z. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3394 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Nathanson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Kim, S. K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Acta (1)

L. Nikolova and T. Todorov, Opt. Acta 31, 579 (1984).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. Fleck, D. Jahn, and L. Wenke, Opt. Commun. 154, 339 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. G. Pedersen, P. M. Johansen, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, and S. Hvilsted, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 89 (1998).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

I. Mancheva, E. Nacheva, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, T. Todorov, and L. Nikolova, Proc. SPIE 5226, 199 (2003).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

T. Ikeda and O. Tsutsumi, Science 268, 1873 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

I. Mancheva, G. Martinez-Ponce, S. Calixto, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, and L. Nikolova, “Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in azobenzene-containing polymers,” Proc. SPIE (to be published).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Polarization azimuth in the two foci when the bifocal polarization HL is illuminated by vertical polarization (solid lines) and by horizontal polarization (dotted lines).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensities of beams 0, 1, and 2 in a plane between z=la and z=lr.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a), (c) Diffracted spots in planes z=la and z=lr, respectively. Three beams are shown: beam 0 at the left, beam 1 in the middle, and beam 2 at the right. (b), (d) The same as (a) and (c) but with an analyzer behind the HL. Its transmission axis is horizontal in (b), where only the focus of beam 1 is seen in plane z=la, and vertical in (d), where beams 0 and 2 are seen in plane z=lr.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

fan=cos Θ sin θλ+r2λz0r2λz0,  θ0,
HLan=expiφ00expikΔnLd cos2πfanrexpikΔnLd cos2πfanr0,
fR=rλz0.
HLR=expikRΔnR cos2πfRr+δ,

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