Abstract

A method is introduced for designing paraxial-domain diffractive elements working over a broad frequency range. The method is based on space-variant manipulation of the state of polarization by form-birefringent binary diffractive structures. It is shown that any scalar phase transmission function can be realized by use of such polarization-modulating structures and that at least in some cases it is even possible to exceed the scalar paraxial-domain upper bounds of diffraction efficiency over a broad frequency band.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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