Abstract

Lasers that provide an energy encompassed in a focal volume of a few cubic wavelengths (λ3) can create relativistic intensity with maximal gradients using minimal energy. With particle-in-cell simulations we found that single 200-as pulses could be produced efficiently in a λ3 laser pulse reflection by means of deflection and phase compression caused by the coherent motion of the plasma electrons that emit these pulses. This novel technique is efficient (10%) and can produce single attosecond pulses from the millijoule to the joule level.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2004

G. A. Mourou, N. M. Naumova, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and J. A. Nees, in Ultrafast Optics IV, F. Krausz, G. Korn, P. Corkum, and I. Walmsley, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2004), p. 311.

2003

S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, and I. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. E 67, 016405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Paul, R. A. Bertels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Naumova, S. V. Bulanov, K. Nishihara, T. Zh. Esirkepov, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Rev. E 65, 045402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

L. Roso, L. Plaja, K. Rzazewski, and D. von der Linde, Laser Part. Beams 18, 467 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Albert, H. Wang, D. Liu, Z. Chang, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 25, 1125 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

V. A. Vshivkov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegoraro, and S. V. Bulanov, Phys. Plasmas 5, 2727 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. M. Pukhov, Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, and G. Mainfray, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Plasmas 1, 745 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

C. K. Birdsall and A. B. Langdon, Plasma Physics via Computer Simulation (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1985).

1974

C. Max, J. Arons, and A. B. Langdon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 209 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1969

A. G. Litvak, Sov. Phys. JETP 30, 344 (1969).

Albert, O.

O. Albert, H. Wang, D. Liu, Z. Chang, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 25, 1125 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D.-F. Liu, J. Nees, H.-W. Wang, G. Mourou, Z. Chang, and O. Albert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 662.

Arons, J.

C. Max, J. Arons, and A. B. Langdon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 209 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Auguste, T.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, and G. Mainfray, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

A. Paul, R. A. Bertels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bertels, R. A.

A. Paul, R. A. Bertels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birdsall, C. K.

C. K. Birdsall and A. B. Langdon, Plasma Physics via Computer Simulation (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1985).

Borisov, A. B.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borovskiy, A. V.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyer, K.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bulanov, S. V.

S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, and I. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. E 67, 016405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Naumova, S. V. Bulanov, K. Nishihara, T. Zh. Esirkepov, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Rev. E 65, 045402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Vshivkov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegoraro, and S. V. Bulanov, Phys. Plasmas 5, 2727 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Plasmas 1, 745 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bychenkov, V. Yu.

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Albert, H. Wang, D. Liu, Z. Chang, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 25, 1125 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D.-F. Liu, J. Nees, H.-W. Wang, G. Mourou, Z. Chang, and O. Albert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 662.

Christov, I. P.

A. Paul, R. A. Bertels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drescher, M.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esirkepov, T. Zh.

S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, and I. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. E 67, 016405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Naumova, S. V. Bulanov, K. Nishihara, T. Zh. Esirkepov, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Rev. E 65, 045402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gibbon, P.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, and G. Mainfray, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grasbon, F.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Green, H.

A. Paul, R. A. Bertels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hou, B.

G. A. Mourou, N. M. Naumova, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and J. A. Nees, in Ultrafast Optics IV, F. Krausz, G. Korn, P. Corkum, and I. Walmsley, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2004), p. 311.

Jakober, F.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, and G. Mainfray, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

A. Paul, R. A. Bertels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitzler, M.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korobkin, V. V.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langdon, A. B.

C. K. Birdsall and A. B. Langdon, Plasma Physics via Computer Simulation (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1985).

C. Max, J. Arons, and A. B. Langdon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 209 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Lichters, R.

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. M. Pukhov, Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Litvak, A. G.

A. G. Litvak, Sov. Phys. JETP 30, 344 (1969).

Liu, D.

Liu, D.-F.

D.-F. Liu, J. Nees, H.-W. Wang, G. Mourou, Z. Chang, and O. Albert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 662.

Luk, T. S.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mainfray, G.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, and G. Mainfray, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maksimchuk, A.

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Max, C.

C. Max, J. Arons, and A. B. Langdon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 209 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Meyer-ter-Vehn, J.

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. M. Pukhov, Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monot, P.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, and G. Mainfray, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Albert, H. Wang, D. Liu, Z. Chang, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 25, 1125 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D.-F. Liu, J. Nees, H.-W. Wang, G. Mourou, Z. Chang, and O. Albert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 662.

Mourou, G. A.

G. A. Mourou, N. M. Naumova, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and J. A. Nees, in Ultrafast Optics IV, F. Krausz, G. Korn, P. Corkum, and I. Walmsley, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2004), p. 311.

Murnane, M. M.

A. Paul, R. A. Bertels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naumova, N. M.

G. A. Mourou, N. M. Naumova, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and J. A. Nees, in Ultrafast Optics IV, F. Krausz, G. Korn, P. Corkum, and I. Walmsley, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2004), p. 311.

S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, and I. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. E 67, 016405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Naumova, S. V. Bulanov, K. Nishihara, T. Zh. Esirkepov, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Rev. E 65, 045402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Vshivkov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegoraro, and S. V. Bulanov, Phys. Plasmas 5, 2727 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Plasmas 1, 745 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nees, J.

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D.-F. Liu, J. Nees, H.-W. Wang, G. Mourou, Z. Chang, and O. Albert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 662.

Nees, J. A.

G. A. Mourou, N. M. Naumova, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and J. A. Nees, in Ultrafast Optics IV, F. Krausz, G. Korn, P. Corkum, and I. Walmsley, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2004), p. 311.

Nishihara, K.

N. M. Naumova, S. V. Bulanov, K. Nishihara, T. Zh. Esirkepov, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Rev. E 65, 045402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paul, A.

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G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pegararo, F.

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
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N. M. Naumova, S. V. Bulanov, K. Nishihara, T. Zh. Esirkepov, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Rev. E 65, 045402 (2002).
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V. A. Vshivkov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegoraro, and S. V. Bulanov, Phys. Plasmas 5, 2727 (1998).
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S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Plasmas 1, 745 (1994).
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L. Roso, L. Plaja, K. Rzazewski, and D. von der Linde, Laser Part. Beams 18, 467 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
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R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. M. Pukhov, Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roso, L.

L. Roso, L. Plaja, K. Rzazewski, and D. von der Linde, Laser Part. Beams 18, 467 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ruhl, H.

G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rzazewski, K.

L. Roso, L. Plaja, K. Rzazewski, and D. von der Linde, Laser Part. Beams 18, 467 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sokolov, I. V.

G. A. Mourou, N. M. Naumova, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and J. A. Nees, in Ultrafast Optics IV, F. Krausz, G. Korn, P. Corkum, and I. Walmsley, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2004), p. 311.

S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, and I. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. E 67, 016405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tobey, R.

A. Paul, R. A. Bertels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ulberacker, M.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von der Linde, D.

L. Roso, L. Plaja, K. Rzazewski, and D. von der Linde, Laser Part. Beams 18, 467 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vshivkov, V. A.

V. A. Vshivkov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegoraro, and S. V. Bulanov, Phys. Plasmas 5, 2727 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Walther, H.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Wang, H.-W.

D.-F. Liu, J. Nees, H.-W. Wang, G. Mourou, Z. Chang, and O. Albert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 662.

Weiman, S.

A. Paul, R. A. Bertels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Westerwatbesloh, Th.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieland, M.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Part. Beams

L. Roso, L. Plaja, K. Rzazewski, and D. von der Linde, Laser Part. Beams 18, 467 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Paul, R. A. Bertels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics

D.-F. Liu, J. Nees, H.-W. Wang, G. Mourou, Z. Chang, and O. Albert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 662.

Phys. Plasmas

S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Plasmas 1, 745 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. M. Pukhov, Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Vshivkov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegoraro, and S. V. Bulanov, Phys. Plasmas 5, 2727 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E

S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, and I. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. E 67, 016405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Naumova, S. V. Bulanov, K. Nishihara, T. Zh. Esirkepov, and F. Pegoraro, Phys. Rev. E 65, 045402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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G. Mourou, Z. Chang, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, S. V. Bulanov, V. Yu. Bychenkov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, N. M. Naumova, F. Pegararo, and H. Ruhl, Plasma Phys. Rep. 28, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Ulberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwatbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 297, 1144 (2002).
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Other

G. A. Mourou, N. M. Naumova, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and J. A. Nees, in Ultrafast Optics IV, F. Krausz, G. Korn, P. Corkum, and I. Walmsley, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2004), p. 311.

C. K. Birdsall and A. B. Langdon, Plasma Physics via Computer Simulation (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1985).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Electromagnetic energy density of the reflected radiation (E2+B2). Numbers (1), (2), and (3) indicate the most intense impulses in the reflected radiation. (b) Half-intensity level of the reflected radiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Snapshots of the electron density. The arrows indicate the instantaneous orientation of the surfaces from which impulses (1), (2), and (3) were reflected at the approximate times of reflection.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time evolution of E2+B2 at the point x=-3.5, y=3. The arrows indicate the half-intensity level of an isolated impulse that contains 10% of the incident pulse energy.

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