Abstract

We introduce a noninterferometric single beam method to characterize and compensate the spectral phase of ultrashort femtosecond pulses accurately. The method uses a pulse shaper that scans calibrated phase functions to determine the unknown spectral phase of a pulse. The pulse shaper can then be used to synthesize arbitrary phase femtosecond pulses or it can introduce a compensating spectral phase to obtain transform-limited pulses. This method is ideally suited for the generation of tailored spectral phase functions required for coherent control experiments.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2003 (3)

2002 (1)

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

M. Hacker, R. Netz, M. Roth, G. Stobrawa, T. Feurer, and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 73, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, Science 292, 709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zheng and A. M. Weiner, Chem. Phys. 267, 161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Zewail, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 39, 2587 (2000).

1999 (1)

1998 (3)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, Opt. Lett. 23, 1612 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. Broers, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and L. D. Noordam, Opt. Commun. 91, 57 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broers, B.

B. Broers, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and L. D. Noordam, Opt. Commun. 91, 57 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dantus, M.

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Pastirk, J. M. Dela Cruz, K. A. Walowicz, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Opt. Express 11, 1695 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dela Cruz, J. M.

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, A.

Feurer, T.

M. Hacker, R. Netz, M. Roth, G. Stobrawa, T. Feurer, and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 73, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, G.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hacker, M.

M. Hacker, R. Netz, M. Roth, G. Stobrawa, T. Feurer, and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 73, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Herzog, R.

Iaconis, C.

Joffre, M.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, D.

Kapteyn, H.

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krumbügel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Levis, R. J.

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, Science 292, 709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lozovoy, V. V.

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Pastirk, J. M. Dela Cruz, K. A. Walowicz, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Opt. Express 11, 1695 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maginnis, K.

Menkir, G. M.

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, Science 292, 709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monmayrant, A.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

Netz, R.

M. Hacker, R. Netz, M. Roth, G. Stobrawa, T. Feurer, and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 73, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Noordam, L. D.

B. Broers, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and L. D. Noordam, Opt. Commun. 91, 57 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Oksenhendler, T.

Pastirk, I.

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Pastirk, J. M. Dela Cruz, K. A. Walowicz, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Opt. Express 11, 1695 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Patel, J. S.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rabitz, H.

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, Science 292, 709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reitze, D. H.

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roth, M.

M. Hacker, R. Netz, M. Roth, G. Stobrawa, T. Feurer, and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 73, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Russek, U.

Sauerbrey, R.

M. Hacker, R. Netz, M. Roth, G. Stobrawa, T. Feurer, and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 73, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stobrawa, G.

M. Hacker, R. Netz, M. Roth, G. Stobrawa, T. Feurer, and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 73, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tournois, P.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

van Linden van den Heuvell, H. B.

B. Broers, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and L. D. Noordam, Opt. Commun. 91, 57 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, G.

Walmsley, I. A.

Walowicz, K. A.

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Pastirk, J. M. Dela Cruz, K. A. Walowicz, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Opt. Express 11, 1695 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Z. Zheng and A. M. Weiner, Chem. Phys. 267, 161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wullert, J. R.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, E.

Zewail, A. H.

A. H. Zewail, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 39, 2587 (2000).

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng and A. M. Weiner, Chem. Phys. 267, 161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

A. H. Zewail, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 39, 2587 (2000).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Hacker, R. Netz, M. Roth, G. Stobrawa, T. Feurer, and R. Sauerbrey, Appl. Phys. B 73, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

Z. Zheng and A. M. Weiner, Chem. Phys. 267, 161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. Broers, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and L. D. Noordam, Opt. Commun. 91, 57 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, Science 292, 709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the MIIPS.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a, Experimental MIIPS data obtained for phase-distorted pulses. The SHG intensity as a function of wavelength λ and reference phase position δ is given by the contours. The lines are the local maxima in the MIIPS trace. b, Measured spectral intensity (dashed) and phases retrieved after the first (thin) to final fourth iteration (thick). c, SHG FROG for the same pulses. d, Measured (dashed) and retrieved spectrum (thin) and phase (thick) from SHG FROG measurements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a, Experimental MIIPS data obtained for phase-compensated TL pulses. b, Measured spectral intensity (dashed) and phase retrieved (thick). c, SHG FROG for the same pulses. d, Measured (dashed) and retrieved spectrum (thin) and phase (thick) from SHG FROG measurements. Note the change in scales for the phase measurements.

Equations (4)

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S2Δ=EΔ+Ω EΔ-Ω×expiφΔ+Ω+φΔ-ΩdΩ2.
φΔ=ϕΔ+fΔ=0.
ϕΔ=-fΔ=αγ2 cosγΔ-δmaxΔ,
ϕΔ-ϕIΔ+ϕIIΔ+ϕIIIΔ+0.

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