Abstract

We design and model a highly compact and tunable optical add–drop multiplexer (OADM) device that consists of long-period gratings and piezoelectric ceramic fiber stretchers. The proposed OADM shows that 50 dense wavelength-division multiplexing channel signals can be selected in the wavelength range from 1526.25 to 1563.75 nm with 0.75-nm channel spacing, which covers the whole C-band gain spectrum of an erbium-doped fiber amplifier. The cross talk between channels is less than -39 dB, and the total insertion loss of the device is approximately 0.24 dB, which includes the splicing losses, the mode mismatching loss, and the expected losses in the two side-by-side coupled fibers.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, and D. L. Williams, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. R. Giles and V. Mizrahi, in Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (IOOC 1995) (Chinese Optical Society, Hong Kong, 1995), paper ThC21.
  3. L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF6.
  4. T. Mizuochi, K. Shimizu, and T. Ktayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF2.
  5. G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laskowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, and T. A. Strasser, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, V. Baker, and R. S. Baulcomb, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 1996) (European Optical Society, Hannover, Germany, 1996), paper WeD.1.7.
  7. A. S. Kewitsch, G. A. Rakuljic, P. A. Willems, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 23, 106 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 36 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper FB5.
  9. J. K. Brenne and J. Skaar, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 254 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Ke, K. S. Chiang, and J. H. Peng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1596 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. K. Brenne and J. Skaar, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 254 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. Ke, K. S. Chiang, and J. H. Peng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1596 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Kewitsch, G. A. Rakuljic, P. A. Willems, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 23, 106 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laskowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, and T. A. Strasser, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, and D. L. Williams, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Armitage, J. R.

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, and D. L. Williams, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Baker, S. R.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, V. Baker, and R. S. Baulcomb, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 1996) (European Optical Society, Hannover, Germany, 1996), paper WeD.1.7.

Baker, V.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, V. Baker, and R. S. Baulcomb, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 1996) (European Optical Society, Hannover, Germany, 1996), paper WeD.1.7.

Baulcomb, R. S.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, V. Baker, and R. S. Baulcomb, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 1996) (European Optical Society, Hannover, Germany, 1996), paper WeD.1.7.

Brenne, J. K.

J. K. Brenne and J. Skaar, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 254 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cappuzzo, M. A.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laskowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, and T. A. Strasser, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K. S.

H. Ke, K. S. Chiang, and J. H. Peng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1596 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Davey, S. T.

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, and D. L. Williams, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Delevaque, E.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF6.

Feinberg, J.

V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 36 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper FB5.

Georges, T.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF6.

Giles, C. R.

C. R. Giles and V. Mizrahi, in Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (IOOC 1995) (Chinese Optical Society, Hong Kong, 1995), paper ThC21.

Grubsky, V.

V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 36 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper FB5.

Henry, C. H.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laskowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, and T. A. Strasser, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, and D. L. Williams, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ke, H.

H. Ke, K. S. Chiang, and J. H. Peng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1596 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kewitsch, A. S.

Kohnke, G. E.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laskowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, and T. A. Strasser, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ktayama, T.

T. Mizuochi, K. Shimizu, and T. Ktayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF2.

Laskowski, E. J.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laskowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, and T. A. Strasser, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

C. R. Giles and V. Mizrahi, in Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (IOOC 1995) (Chinese Optical Society, Hong Kong, 1995), paper ThC21.

Mizuochi, T.

T. Mizuochi, K. Shimizu, and T. Ktayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF2.

Monerie, M.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF6.

Peng, J. H.

H. Ke, K. S. Chiang, and J. H. Peng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1596 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF6.

Quetel, L.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF6.

Rakuljic, G. A.

Rivoallan, L.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF6.

Rourke, H. N.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, V. Baker, and R. S. Baulcomb, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 1996) (European Optical Society, Hannover, Germany, 1996), paper WeD.1.7.

Shimizu, K.

T. Mizuochi, K. Shimizu, and T. Ktayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF2.

Skaar, J.

J. K. Brenne and J. Skaar, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 254 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D. S.

V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 36 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper FB5.

Strasser, T. A.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laskowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, and T. A. Strasser, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Willems, P. A.

Williams, D. L.

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, and D. L. Williams, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, and D. L. Williams, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Electron. Lett. (2)

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, and D. L. Williams, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laskowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, and T. A. Strasser, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. K. Brenne and J. Skaar, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 254 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Ke, K. S. Chiang, and J. H. Peng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1596 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 36 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper FB5.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, V. Baker, and R. S. Baulcomb, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 1996) (European Optical Society, Hannover, Germany, 1996), paper WeD.1.7.

C. R. Giles and V. Mizrahi, in Tenth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (IOOC 1995) (Chinese Optical Society, Hong Kong, 1995), paper ThC21.

L. Quetel, L. Rivoallan, E. Delevaque, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF6.

T. Mizuochi, K. Shimizu, and T. Ktayama, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper WF2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of coupling mechanism between two parallel identical LPGs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wavelength-tunable OADM with four identical LPGs and the same four structured PZT fiber stretchers. Insets, optical spectrum at each port of OADM. (a) 5-channel spectrum with 1.5-nm channel spacing through input port 1, (b) spectrum for input port 2 (adding) and output port 1 (dropping), (c) spectrum for output port 2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Theoretical determination of the relationship between grating periods and resonance wavelengths where guide-to-cladding mode couplings take place.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relationship of PZT applied voltage with LP08 coupling wavelength shift and applied strain.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

DWDM spectrum for 50-wavelength tuning with 0.75-nm channel spacing.

Equations (4)

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dAzdz=-jκBzexpjδz,
dBzdz=-jκAzexp-jδz-jCB*z,
dB*zdz=-jκA*zexp-jδz-jCBz,
dA*zdz=-jκB*zexpjδz,

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