Abstract

The nonlinear refractive index, n2, of sapphire was experimentally measured in the 550–1550-nm wavelength range by use of a picosecond Z-scan technique. It was found that in this spectral region the value of n2 decreases monotonically from 3.3×10-16 to 2.8×10-16 cm2/W. An empirical expression for the wavelength dependence of the nonlinear refractive index in the 270–1550-nm range was obtained.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2003 (1)

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

1985 (1)

1978 (1)

M. J. Weber, D. Milam, and W. L. Smith, Opt. Eng. 17, 463 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

M. D. Levenson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 110 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

D. W. Fradin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 954 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

C. R. Ginliano and M. H. Marburger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 905 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Adair, R.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Angelow, G.

Chase, L. L.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Cho, S. H.

DeSalvo, R.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

Fradin, D. W.

D. W. Fradin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 954 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gallman, L.

Ginliano, C. R.

C. R. Ginliano and M. H. Marburger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 905 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Grawert, F.

Hagan, D. J.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Hutchings, D. C.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Langford, N.

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, M. J.

Levenson, M. D.

M. D. Levenson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 110 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Major, A.

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marburger, M. H.

C. R. Ginliano and M. H. Marburger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 905 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

Milam, D.

M. J. Weber, D. Milam, and W. L. Smith, Opt. Eng. 17, 463 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Nikolakakos, I.

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 14, 955 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T. R.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 14, 955 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, P. W. E.

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

M. J. Weber, D. Milam, and W. L. Smith, Opt. Eng. 17, 463 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Smolorz, S.

Steinmeyer, G.

Sutter, D. H.

Tschudi, T.

Valdmanis, J. A.

Van Stryland, E. W.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 14, 955 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagenblast, P. C.

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, D. Milam, and W. L. Smith, Opt. Eng. 17, 463 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T.-H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Levenson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 110 (1974).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Fradin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 954 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. J. Weber, D. Milam, and W. L. Smith, Opt. Eng. 17, 463 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. R. Ginliano and M. H. Marburger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 905 (1971).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Data from the literature: KK, Kramers–Krönig relation; σ,π polarizations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Sample Z-scan trace.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Results of the experiments in the 550–1550-nm range.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n2ω=4×105πKEpcn02Eg4G2ωEg,
n2×10-16=n20+N1 exp-λ-λ0/λ1+N2 exp-λ-λ0/λ2,

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