Abstract

A new technique for fabricating a photonic bandgap fiber is proposed. A multilayer SiSiO2 film is deposited upon a silica glass fiber, and a clear bandgap is observed in the loss spectrum. The properties of the bandgap are easily controlled by adjustment of the thickness and the refractive index of the multilayer film.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Jasapara, T. H. Her, R. Bise, R. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 68, 1196 (1978).
  2. C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and E. Marom, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1196 (1978).
  4. F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. G. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. A. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Opt. Express 9, 748 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Miyagi, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 303 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and C. S. Hong, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 423 (1977).

2003

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

2000

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1985

M. Miyagi, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 303 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1978

J. Jasapara, T. H. Her, R. Bise, R. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 68, 1196 (1978).

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and E. Marom, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1196 (1978).

1977

Allan, D. C.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benoit, G.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bise, R.

J. Jasapara, T. H. Her, R. Bise, R. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 68, 1196 (1978).

Borrelli, N. F.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brechet, F.

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. Jasapara, T. H. Her, R. Bise, R. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 68, 1196 (1978).

Engeness, T. D.

Fink, Y.

Gallagher, M. T.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hart, S. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Her, T. H.

J. Jasapara, T. H. Her, R. Bise, R. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 68, 1196 (1978).

Hong, C. S.

Ibanescu, M.

Jacobs, S. A.

Jasapara, J.

J. Jasapara, T. H. Her, R. Bise, R. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 68, 1196 (1978).

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Koch, K. W.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcou, J.

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marom, E.

Miyagi, M.

M. Miyagi, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 303 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Müller, D.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pagnoux, D.

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roy, P.

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Smith, C. M.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soljacic, M.

Temelkuran, B.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venkataraman, N.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisberg, O.

West, J. A.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R.

J. Jasapara, T. H. Her, R. Bise, R. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 68, 1196 (1978).

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

Electron. Lett.

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. Miyagi, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 303 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Jasapara, T. H. Her, R. Bise, R. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 68, 1196 (1978).

Nature

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Nature 420, 650 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Cross section and (b) index profile of a PBG fiber with multilayered cladding.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated loss spectra of the HE11 mode in 125µm-core PBG fibers with seven-layer cladding. The parameters used in the calculations were n1=1.45, n2=2.05, and d2=0.35 µm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fundamental bandwidths as a function of n2/n1 and d1n1/λedge.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of the PBG fiber fabrication setup.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cross section of a PBG fiber with 16 dielectric films. In the magnification at the right, the lightest areas are SiO2; the bright gray arcs are Si.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmission spectra of 20-cm PBG fibers with 16 dielectric films. Film thicknesses are d2=0.21 µm and d1= (a) 0.25 µm, (b) 0.49 µm, and (c) 0.98 µm. These fibers were excited by a Gaussian beam with a divergence angle of 10° at FWHM. The core diameter is 125 µm.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

cos k1d1 cos k2d2-Λ sin k1d1 sin k2d2=1,
Λ=12k1k2+k2k1TE12n22k1n12k2+n12k2n22k1TM,
k1=u/T,
k2=2πλn22-n12+uλ2πT21/2,
cos k2d2-12k2d1 sin k2d2=1    TE,
cos k2d2-12k2d1n1n22sin k2d2=1    TM,
λedge=2d2n22-n121/2.

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